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PERIODS OF AMERICAN LITERATURE  1650 – present day.

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Presentation on theme: "PERIODS OF AMERICAN LITERATURE  1650 – present day."— Presentation transcript:

1 PERIODS OF AMERICAN LITERATURE  1650 – present day

2 Pre-Colonial/ Native American [  1600] CHARACTERISTICS 1 ST Americans Creation & Origin Myths Legends Storytelling Oral Tradition

3 Pre-Colonial/ Native American Writers & Works How the World was Made Sky Tree

4 Colonial (Puritans & Age of Reason) [ ] CHARACTERISTICS PURITANS [ ] Sermons Personal Narratives Plain Style Authority of Bible & church

5 Colonial (Puritans & Age of Reason) [ ] CHARACTERISTICS AGE OF REASON [ ] Political pamphlets Ornate Style Persuasive Writing Patriotism

6 COLONIAL HISTORY PURITAN Person’s fate determined by God All are corrupt & must be saved by Christ Settlement of British Colonies in America AGE OF REASON Revolutionary War Instructive in values

7 COLONIAL PURITAN William Bradford Mary Rowlandson Jonathan Edwards Anne Bradstreet The Crucible (Arthur Miller-1950) AGE OF REASON Thomas Jefferson Benjamin Franklin Thomas Paine Patrick Henry

8 ROMANTICISM [ ] CHARACTERISTICS VALUE FEELING & INTUITION OVER REASON IMAGINATION MYSTERY SLAVE NARRATIVES POETRY SHORT STORIES

9 ROMANTICISM HISTORY Expansion of magazines, np, and book publishing Slavery debates Industrial Revolution: “old ways” of doing things are now irrelevant

10 ROMANTICISM WRITERS Washington Irving William Cullen Bryant Paul Laurence Dunbar Nathaniel Hawthorne Edgar Allan Poe Emily Dickinson Herman Melville

11 TRANSCENDENTALISM/ Anti- Transcendentalism CHARACTERISTICS TRANSCENDENTALISM [ ] “American Renaissance” Self-Reliance Individualism Inner-Light Idealist Utopia Intuition

12 TRANSCENDENTALISM/ Anti- Transcendentalism CHARACTERISTICS ANTI-TRANSCENDENTALISM “Dark Romanticism” Symbolism Sin, Pain, & Evil

13 TRANSCENDENTALISM/ ANTI- TRANSCENDENTALISM WRITERS TRANSCENDENTALISM Ralph Waldo Emerson Henry David Thoreau Nathaniel Hawthorne* ANTI-TRANSCENDENTALISM Edgar Allan Poe*

14 REALISM/ REGIONALISM/ NATURALISM CHARACTERISTICS “Verisimilitude” “Local Color” Ordinary People Real-life, Every-day events Objective Narrator Open Interpretation

15 REALISM/ REGIONALISM/ NATURALISM HISTORY [ ] Civil War & post Civil War Influence of Sigmund Freud & Charles Darwin Demand for “truer” type of lit. that does not idealize people or places Completion of Transcontinental Railroad

16 REALISM/ REGIONALISM/ NATURALISM WRITERS Walt Whitman Mark Twain Ambrose Bierce Stephen Crane Frederick Douglas Kate Chopin Edith Wharton Edwin Arlington Robinson

17 MODERNISM CHARACTERISTICS Pessimism “American Dream” Imagism Lost Generation Beat Generation Use of interior monologue & stream of consciousness Plays, Poetry, Novels

18 MODERNISM HISTORY [ ] WWI & WWII “Jazz Age”/ “Roaring 20’s” Harlem Renaissance The Great Depression Karl Marx rise of youth culture

19 MODERNISM WRITERS F. Scott Fitzgerald Robert Frost T.S. Elliot John Steinbeck William Faulkner Langston Hughes W.E.B. DuBois Ezra Pound William Carlos Williams Arthur Miller*

20 POST-MODERNISM/ CONTEMPORARY CHARACTERISTICS [1950  ] Mix of fantasy w/ non-fiction Media culture interprets values Narratives Anti-Heroes Emotion-Provoking Humorous Irony Storytelling Autobiographies Individual Isolation Social Issues (ethnic & feminist)

21 POST-MODERNISM/ CONTEMPORARY HISTORY Post WWII prosperity New century & millennium Space exploration Korean War Vietnam War Gulf War WTC/ 9-11 Iraqi War Advances in technology

22 POST-MODERNISM/ CONTEMPORARY WRITERS Arthur Miller Toni Morrison Sylvia Plath J.D. Salinger “Beat Poets” Maya Angelou Alice Walker

23 … and the rest is unwritten …


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