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725 20071023 Establishing a European Phenological Data Platform for Climatological Applications: overview and first results Start date 05/04/2004 End date.

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Presentation on theme: "725 20071023 Establishing a European Phenological Data Platform for Climatological Applications: overview and first results Start date 05/04/2004 End date."— Presentation transcript:

1 Establishing a European Phenological Data Platform for Climatological Applications: overview and first results Start date 05/04/2004 End date 05/04/2009

2 Main Objective establishing a European reference data set of phenological observations, to be used for climatological purposes, especially climate monitoring, and detection of changes

3 Secondary objectives  harmonisation and recommendation for monitoring and collection procedures  selection criteria of data for further consideration  quality control of observations  commonly used formats of archiving and distribution of data  developing application methods of pheno data (as mapping techniques of phenological information and other  increasing the knowledge concerning relations between climate and phenological phases

4 JRC Ispra Cost participating countries and institutions

5

6 Seminars, conferences, workshops EMS/ECAM Conference in Nice, September 2004 ICB International Conference on Biometorology Garmisch Partenkirchen, September 2005 Internal Workshop of WG3 in Dublin, April 2006 … and here in VOLOS

7 STSMs some outputs: MENZEL A., SPARKS T., ESTRELLA N., ECKHARDT S., 2005: “SSW to NNE” – North Atlantic Oscillation affects the progress of seasons across Europe; Global Change Biology 11, Plant phenological Guidelines (E. Koch et al) to be published by WMO-CCl and WCDMP Menzel, A, T. H. Sparks, N. Estrella, E. Koch, A. Aasa, R. Ahas, K. Alm-Kübler, P. Bissolli, O. Braslavská, A. Briede, F. M. Chmielewski, Z. Crepinsek, Y. Curnel, Å. Dahl, C. Defila, A. Donnelly, Y. Filella, K. Jatczak, F. Måge, A. Mestre, Ø. Nordli, J. Peñuelas, P. Pirinen, V. Remisová, H. Scheifinger, M. Striz, A. Susnik, F.-E. Wielgolaski, A. v. Vliet, S. Zach, A. Zust (2006): European phenological response to climate change matches the warming pattern, Global Change Biology 12, 1–8

8 Working Groups WG 1:Inventory of data and metadata WG 2:Guidelines for data selection, observations and archiving, building up the database WG 3:Applications of phenological data (e.g. in climate change research)

9 WG 1 Inventory of data and metadata

10 WG 1 Inventory of data and metadata history of the national and international phenological networks in Europe, example Sweden The Swedish naturalist Carl von Linnaeus is regarded as ‘the father of phenology’. In his Philosophia Botanica (1751), he advocated that observations of first flowering, leafing, fruiting and leaf-fall should be made all over Sweden, along with local weather. Two subsequent Linnaean dissertations: Vernatio Arborum, defended by Harald Barck in 1753, and Calendarium Florae, defended by Alexander Malachias in 1756, treated phenology. The former is a compilation of results of inquiries made throughout Sweden on the vernalisation of trees and shrubs, together with meteorological data, to aid in determination of times to plant grains and related crops. The latter, the most reprinted of all Linnaean dissertations and based on observations made in Uppsala in 1755, provided an enumeration of the flowering times of plants in each of the four seasons, and by month within each season. According to Schnelle (1955), Linnaeus initiated 18 different phenology stations in Sweden, which where working for several years. A. Dahl, O. Langvall

11 WG 1 Inventory of data and metadata history of the national and international phenological networks in Europe Ephemerides

12 WG 1 Inventory of data and metadata history of the national and international phenological networks in Europe, example k.k. monarchy K. Fritsch, 1857

13 WG 1 Inventory of data and metadata history of the national and international phenological networks in Europe, example Hoffmann & Ihne ( ) Stations with a minimum of 5 years of obs. data stored in the HPDB of DWD (K.Zimmermann, S. Zach)

14 WG 2: Guidelines for data selection, observations and archiving, building up the database Data selection 5 groups of plants: Wild growing plants Fruit trees Winter cereal MaizeMeadow Northern plants / Southern plants Phases according to BBCH – scale (Biologische Bundesanstalt, Bundessortenamt and CHemical Industry)

15 WG 2:Guidelines for data selection, observations and archiving WG 2:Guidelines for data selection, observations and archiving cooperation with WMO – CCl 3rd edition of GUIDE TO CLIMATOLOGICAL PRACTICES cooperation with WMO – CCl 3rd edition of GUIDE TO CLIMATOLOGICAL PRACTICES PART I: BASIC PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES PART I: BASIC PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES Phenological Data Phenological Data

16 WG 2:Guidelines for observations

17 WG2 Building the database present status data in total from 15 countries plus IPG from 7285 observation sites

18 WG2 Building the database List of plants in the common database

19 WG 2: building up the database quality checks in development visual control logical control: elimination of rough errors A. Zust, 2006

20 quality checks in develo pment treatment ofoutliers treatment of outliers spatial control statistical control: elimination of extreme values – outliers Most frequent used visual and logical, less used statistical and spatial control methods are frequently combined with each other - individual data treatment - need of very experienced phenologists A. Zust, 2006

21 WG 3: Applications Early spring phases – high inter-annual variability Fitter & Fitter 2002 Earlier springs - larger spatial variability Menzel et al. GEB 2006

22 SSW – NNE North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) affects the progress of seasons across Europe (A.Menzel et al., in Global Change Biology 2005)

23 WG 3: Applications of phenological data

24 WG 3: Applications of phenological data

25 WG 3: Applications of phenological data

26 WG 3: Applications of phenological data Many papers of COST725 participants where presented at the ICB 2005 in Garmisch-P. Among them COST725 Meta Analysis (lead author A.Menzel) Menzel et al. GCB n~ days / decade -2.5 days / decade days / decade days / decade days / decade 57% - 13% sig. 43% - 6% sig. 78% - 31% sig. 22% - 3% sig. 75% - 25% sig. 25% - 3% sig. 48% - 12% sig. 52% - 15% sig.

27 National acitivities:

28 Outlook Report of history of national phenological networks Application of checking routines Web portal (now ftp) of reference data Publishing of applications... Final workshop in spring 2009 in Germany

29 Dissemination of results Website Flyer Publications, Presentations on international conferences and workshops Reports in the media

30 Thanks for your attentionThanks for your attention


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