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CLASS 13. Approach 3: Beyond ‘g’ Spearman says g underlies all intelligence But we all know someone who….. Most people think and some researchers agree.

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Presentation on theme: "CLASS 13. Approach 3: Beyond ‘g’ Spearman says g underlies all intelligence But we all know someone who….. Most people think and some researchers agree."— Presentation transcript:

1 CLASS 13

2 Approach 3: Beyond ‘g’

3 Spearman says g underlies all intelligence But we all know someone who….. Most people think and some researchers agree that: Intelligence is more than ‘g’, as evaluated by standard tests

4 Paradox ? Everyone believes that some people are more intelligent than others But everyone believes that they are above average Statisticians say impossible !

5 Psychologists say no paradox Dunning solves the paradox: Our personal definitions ensure that we are above average What other definitions have a legitimate basis?

6  Gardner’s multiple intelligences  TRADITIONAL  Logical-mathematical Linguistic  Spatial Inter-personal (social)   CONTROVERSIAL   Intra-personal Musical  Kinesthetic Naturalist Spiritua l

7 Gardner’s latest Replaced Spiritual intelligence with: Existential intelligence Moral intelligence

8 Here are some recent nominees: Which type of intelligence does each have?

9 Albert Einstein Logical- mathematical intelligence

10 Oprah Winfrey Interpersonal intelligence

11 Gary Kasparov Spatial intelligence

12 Eminem Linguistic intelligence

13 Sigmund Freud Intra-personal Intelligence

14 Sidney Crosby Kinesthetic intelligence

15 Mahatma Ghandi Spiritual intelligence

16 David Suzuki Naturalist intelligence

17 But where is creativity? Suggestions for other intelligences?

18 Critique of Gardner’s approach Mostly subjective opinion Many of the intelligences are too vague to be measured Without measures, no practical value yet Cynical view: everyone needs to feel intelligent and Gardner just wants to make us all happy

19 Empirical components

20 Spearman (1 = g) Wechsler (2) Cattell (2) Thurstone (7) Guilford (120)

21 Scholastic aptitude Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) – 3 subscales (math, reading, writing) Graduate Record Exam (GRE) -- 3 LSAT, MCAT, GMAT (2-3 subscales)

22 Thurstone’s 7 Primary Abilities Vocabulary Spatial Verbal fluency Perceptual scanning Problem solving Arithmetic Memory F M F F M F =

23 Why sex differences? Nature: Brain differences ? Nurture: sex roles ?

24 e.g. spatial ability

25 Sex differences in GRE Verbal – females Math – males Analytic (being phased out) – males Essay (new) – females

26 Sex differences in g No sex differences on Stanford-Binet Coincidence ?

27 Summary Several empirical components are reliably distinguished Many conceptual intelligences not yet measured Traditional sex differences are diminishing but still evident

28 Emotional Intelligence

29 Being good at perceiving, understanding, and expressing emotions More important than IQ? But how to measure? One approach is to test ability to judge emotions accurately.

30 Q: What emotion? A: Sadness, as judged by the person who made the drawing

31 Q: what emotion? A: grief: -as judged by consensus based on context

32 A: Surprise -- based on instructions to pose.

33 Q: what emotion is aroused? A: inspiration : as judged by emotion experts

34 Q: What emotion? A: the joy of using Play Station 3, as judged by the manufacturer.

35 Critique of EQ Difficult to evaluate emotion accuracy Self-reports are dubious Is emotional intelligence something else?


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