Presentation on theme: "CLASS 13. Approach 3: Beyond ‘g’ Spearman says g underlies all intelligence But we all know someone who….. Most people think and some researchers agree."— Presentation transcript:
Approach 3: Beyond ‘g’
Spearman says g underlies all intelligence But we all know someone who….. Most people think and some researchers agree that: Intelligence is more than ‘g’, as evaluated by standard tests
Paradox ? Everyone believes that some people are more intelligent than others But everyone believes that they are above average Statisticians say impossible !
Psychologists say no paradox Dunning solves the paradox: Our personal definitions ensure that we are above average What other definitions have a legitimate basis?
Gardner’s multiple intelligences TRADITIONAL Logical-mathematical Linguistic Spatial Inter-personal (social) CONTROVERSIAL Intra-personal Musical Kinesthetic Naturalist Spiritua l
Here are some recent nominees: Which type of intelligence does each have?
Albert Einstein Logical- mathematical intelligence
Oprah Winfrey Interpersonal intelligence
Gary Kasparov Spatial intelligence
Eminem Linguistic intelligence
Sigmund Freud Intra-personal Intelligence
Sidney Crosby Kinesthetic intelligence
Mahatma Ghandi Spiritual intelligence
David Suzuki Naturalist intelligence
But where is creativity? Suggestions for other intelligences?
Critique of Gardner’s approach Mostly subjective opinion Many of the intelligences are too vague to be measured Without measures, no practical value yet Cynical view: everyone needs to feel intelligent and Gardner just wants to make us all happy