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Learning Styles: One Piece of the PUZZLE To Optimal Learning.

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Presentation on theme: "Learning Styles: One Piece of the PUZZLE To Optimal Learning."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Learning Styles: One Piece of the PUZZLE To Optimal Learning

3 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 2 Approaches To LEARNING STYLES Necessary for Optimal Learning Sensory Modes Input Hemispheric Dominance Process Multiple Intelligence Response

4 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 3 Eric Jenson. Super Teaching. San Diego. The Brain Store, Inc., 1998 On line

5 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 4 Bibliography Gardner, Howard. Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligence. Tenth -Anniversary Edition. New York: Harper Collins, Armstrong, Thomas. 7 Kinds of Smarts: Identifying and Developing Your Many Intelligences. New York: Penguin Books, Campbell, Linda and Bruce.Teaching and Learning Through Multiple Intelligences. Needham Heights, Mass: Allyn&Bacon, 1996

6 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 5 Intelligence The ability to generate new problems to solve.

7 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 6 Intelligence The ability to respond successfully to a new situation and the capacity to learn from one’s past experiences.

8 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 7 Intelligence The ability to make or offer a service that is valued within one’s culture.

9 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 8 Intelligence The ability to solve problems that one encounters in real life.

10 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 9 IQ tests usually judge who the successful students will be in school but seldom measure how successful they will be in the real world.

11 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 10 Too much focus on verbal and logical thinking in assessing intelligence-- neglect other ways of knowing. Gardner

12 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 11 Begin to learn something NEW or DIFFICULT in your Strength.

13 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 12 Reinforce it in as many ways possible.

14 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 13 Linguistic Intelligence Words- Word Smart Who? journalist, storyteller, poet, lawyer Abilities? argue, persuade, entertain or instruct effectively through spoken word Characteristics? Characteristics? like word games, tongue twisters, puns, trivia experts, retain facts, read voraciously, write clearly and gain meaning from written word

15 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 14 Logical-mathematical Numbers and Logic Logic Smart Who ? Scientists, accountant, computer programmer Abilities? reason, sequence, think in terms of cause and effect Characteristics? create hypotheses, look for conceptual regularities or numerical patterns, enjoy a generally rational outlook on life

16 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 15 Visual-Spatial Intelligence Pictures and Images Picture Smart Abilities? perceive, transform, and recreate different aspects of the visual-spatial world. Who? architects, photographers, artists, pilots, mechanical engineers Characteristics? acute sensitivity to visual details, can visualize vividly, draw or sketch their ideas graphically, and orient themselves in 3-dimensional space with ease

17 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 16 Musical Intelligence Rhythms and Melodies Music Smart Who? singers, instrumentalists, and composers Abilities? perceive, appreciate and produce rhythms and melodies Characteristics? has a good ear, can sing in tune, keep time to music, and listen to different musical selections with some degree of discernment

18 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 17 Bodily Kinesthetic Physical Body Smart Who? athletes, craftspeople, mechanics, surgeons Abilities? controlling one’s body movements and handling objects skillfully--hands-on people who have good tactile sensitivity, need to move their bodies frequently and get “gut” reactions to things Characteristics? can be athletic or skilled in sewing, carpentry or model building or enjoy pursuits like hiking, dancing, jogging, camping, swimming or boating

19 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 18 Interpersonal Works with and understands other people People Smart Who? administrator of large corporation, social workers, teachers, negotiators Abilities? perceive and be responsive to moods, temperaments, intentions, and desires or others Characteristics? can be compassionate and socially responsible or manipulative and cunning

20 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 19 Intrapersonal Inner self Self Smart Who? counselors, theologians and self employed business people Abilities? can be introspective and enjoy meditation, contemplation or other forms or soul searching Characteristics? fiercely independent, highly goal- directed, and intensely self-disciplined---prefer to work on their own rather that with others

21 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 20 Naturalist observing, understanding, and organizing patterns in the natural environment Category Smart Who? Biologist, botanist, chefs Abilities? discriminate among living things and sensitivity to features of natural worlds. Characteristics? can recognize and classify plants, minerals, and animals. Skills of observing, collecting and categorizing can extend to the “human” environment as well.

22 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 21 You possess Intelligences linguistic logical-mathematical spatial musical bodily kinesthetic interpersonal intrapersonal naturalist

23 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 22 Makes us UNIQUE Individuals May strongly identify with one or two But we have Combination of strengths and weaknesses makes us unique

24 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 23 Why the theory of ? Room for everyone to shine Incorporates broad spectrum of human abilities Presents eight different ways to learn

25 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 24 In Order to be considered an intelligence category it must: be capable of being symbolized--a way to depict experience through representation have its own developmental history be biologically based culturally valued

26 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 25 Symbolized linguistic logical spatial musical kinesthetic interpersonal-social intrapersonal-self letters--words numbers pictures- geo figures notes--clef signs body language shaking hands- waving dream images

27 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 26 Each intelligence uses a separate cognitive process for MEMORY (remember melodies different from faces) ATTENTION (details of pictures and body language) PERCEPTION ( pitch and verbal sounds) PROBLEM SOLVING (math problems and personal problems)

28 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 27 Is there a test? Identify the intelligences being used in the following activities. Consider that may be used.

29 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 28 Linguistic, Logical-mathematical, Spatial, Musical, Bodily-kinesthetic, Interpersonal, Intrapersonal, Naturalist 1.Singing in the choir at church. 2.Working a jigsaw puzzle. 3.Working a crossword puzzle. 4.Solving "who done it" in a mystery. 5.Giving advice to people at work. 6.Writing poetry. 7. Knowing the words to many popular songs.

30 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | Enjoying having time for yourself 9. Humming a jingle you've heard on TV. 10. Doodling while talking on the phone or taking notes. 11. Computing numbers in your head. 12. Reading for pleasure as often as possible. 13. Playing a sport. 14. Sewing. 15. Framing a house. 16. Writing an essay. 17. Keeping a personal journal or diary. 18. Taking photographs.

31 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | Meditating. 20.Arguing. 21.Appreciating the color and balance of a picture. 22.Creating mnemonics. 23.Rearranging a room. 24.Categorizing objects 25.Perceiving the moods of others. 26.Working alone on a problem. 27.Keeping rhythm to a song. 28.Studying in a group. 29.Using concept maps, graphs, or pictures to learn.

32 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | Organizing collections. 31.Finding a rational explanation for an occurrence. 32.Having trouble sitting still. 33.Noticing changes in the environment. 34.Showing someone how to do something. 35. Visiting with friends 36.Spending a weekend alone.

33 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 32 You would want to begin with your strongest. If for a biology test you needed to learn the seven major taxonomic categories, or taxa, used in classification kingdom phylum class order family genus species You might use each of the intelligences to learn them.

34 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 33 Begin to learn something NEW or DIFFICULT in your Strength.

35 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 34 Reinforce it in as many ways possible.

36 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 35 Linguistic King Phillip Came Over For Good Spaghetti. Kyle’s Putting Chowder on the Four Giant Spiders. Karen Preston Came Over From the Gulf States. Kevin Put Corn On the Forrest Green Spinach. Kathy Pretended Connor was From Germany and Spain.

37 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 36 Intrapersonal You as a human being belong to the following categories: Animal Kingdom Phylum of Chordates Class of mammals Order of primates Genus of Homo Species of Homo Sapiens

38 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 37

39 CCC 's kingdom phylum class order family genus species

40 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 39 Musical Can you think of a tune? 1.kingdom 2.phylum 3.class 4.order 5.family 6.genus 7.species

41 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 40 You possess all Intelligences linguistic logical-mathematical spatial musical bodily kinesthetic interpersonal intrapersonal naturalist

42 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 41 Begin to learn something NEW or DIFFICULT in your Strength.

43 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 42 Reinforce it in as many ways possible.

44 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 43 Eric Jenson. Super Teaching. San Diego. The Brain Store, Inc., 1998 On line

45 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 44 Sensory Modes Visual Auditory Kinesthetic Input preference

46 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 45 Hemispheric Dominance Left Brain Right Brain Process Preference

47 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.7 | 46 Multiple Intelligence linguistic logical-mathematical spatial musical bodily kinesthetic interpersonal intrapersonal Naturalist Response Preference


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