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Nine Multiple Intelligences

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1 Nine Multiple Intelligences

2 In 1983, Howard Gardner, suggested that all individuals have personal intelligence profiles that consist of combinations of seven different intelligence types: verbal-linguistic, mathematical-logical, visual-spatial, bodily-kinaesthetic, musical-rhythmic, Interpersonal intrapersonal naturalist intelligence (added in 1997) existentialist intelligence (added in 1999)

3 Intelligence or Talent?
Gardner established criteria to measure whether a talent was actually an intelligence. Each intelligence must have a developmental feature, be observable in special populations, provide some evidence of localization in the brain, and support a symbolic or notational system.

4 “Intelligence” in Garnder’s words
The ability to solve problems that one encounters in real life. The ability to generate new problems to solve. The ability to make something or offer a service that is valued within one’s culture



7 Multiple Intelligences in the ELT classroom
What is ___________________ intelligence? What abilities does a person with __________________ have? How can I develop/increase my students’ _____________ intelligence? What activities can you implement in the classroom to help students with ______________ intelligence?

8 Linguistic Intelligence Logical-Mathematical intelligence
Think in words Use language to express and appreciate complex meanings Calculate Quantify Consider propositions and hypothesis Carry out complex mathematical operations

9 Spatial Intelligence Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence
Think in three-dimensional ways Perceive external and internal imaginery Recreate, transform, or modify images Navigate through space Produce or decode graphic information Manipulate objects and fine-tune physical skills

10 Musical Intelligence Interpersonal Intelligence
Show sensitivity to pitch, melody, rhythm, and tone Understand and interact effectively with others

11 Intrapersonal intelligence Naturalist Intelligence
Construct an accurate perception of oneself Use oneself’s knowledge in planning and drecting one’s life Observe patterns in nature, identify and classify objects, understand natural and human-made systems.

12 Existentialist Intelligence?

13 Gardner noted that each intelligence also contains several sub-intelligences.
And noted that four of the eight intelligences are “object-related”; such as spatial, logical-mathematical, bodily-kinesthetic, and naturalist. On the oder hand, there are “object-free” intelligences as well: verbal-linguistic, and musical. A third category is the one where the “person-intelligences” are found: inter- ad intrapersonal intelligences, which require extensive interaction with others before it becomes well developed.


15 Verbal-linguistic intelligence

16 Naturalist Intelligence:
Ability to observe patterns in nature, identify and classify objects, and understand natural and human-made systems. They are able to conserve, preserve, communicate, observe, predict, distinguish, group, order, classify, identify, understand cause and effect, compare data, extract meaning, formulate hypotheses museum,

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