2In 1983, Howard Gardner, suggested that all individuals have personal intelligence profiles that consist of combinations of seven different intelligence types:verbal-linguistic,mathematical-logical,visual-spatial,bodily-kinaesthetic,musical-rhythmic,Interpersonalintrapersonalnaturalist intelligence (added in 1997)existentialist intelligence (added in 1999)
3Intelligence or Talent? Gardner established criteria to measure whether a talent was actually an intelligence. Each intelligence must have a developmental feature, be observable in special populations, provide some evidence of localization in the brain, and support a symbolic or notational system.
4“Intelligence” in Garnder’s words The ability to solve problems that one encounters in real life.The ability to generate new problems to solve.The ability to make something or offer a service that is valued within one’s culture
7Multiple Intelligences in the ELT classroom What is ___________________ intelligence?What abilities does a person with __________________ have?How can I develop/increase my students’ _____________ intelligence?What activities can you implement in the classroom to help students with ______________ intelligence?
8Linguistic Intelligence Logical-Mathematical intelligence Think in wordsUse language to express and appreciate complex meaningsCalculateQuantifyConsider propositions and hypothesisCarry out complex mathematical operations
9Spatial Intelligence Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence Think in three-dimensional waysPerceive external and internal imagineryRecreate, transform, or modify imagesNavigate through spaceProduce or decode graphic informationManipulate objects and fine-tune physical skills
10Musical Intelligence Interpersonal Intelligence Show sensitivity to pitch, melody, rhythm, and toneUnderstand and interact effectively with others
11Intrapersonal intelligence Naturalist Intelligence Construct an accurate perception of oneselfUse oneself’s knowledge in planning and drecting one’s lifeObserve patterns in nature, identify and classify objects, understand natural and human-made systems.
13Gardner noted that each intelligence also contains several sub-intelligences. And noted that four of the eight intelligences are “object-related”; such as spatial, logical-mathematical, bodily-kinesthetic, and naturalist.On the oder hand, there are “object-free” intelligences as well: verbal-linguistic, and musical.A third category is the one where the “person-intelligences” are found: inter- ad intrapersonal intelligences, which require extensive interaction with others before it becomes well developed.
16Naturalist Intelligence: Ability to observe patterns in nature, identify and classify objects, and understand natural and human-made systems.They are able to conserve, preserve, communicate, observe, predict, distinguish, group, order, classify, identify, understand cause and effect, compare data, extract meaning, formulate hypothesesmuseum,