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ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION: A Look at its Purpose, Methods, and Effectiveness Erin Henegar ENS Minor Project May 1, 2005.

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Presentation on theme: "ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION: A Look at its Purpose, Methods, and Effectiveness Erin Henegar ENS Minor Project May 1, 2005."— Presentation transcript:

1 ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION: A Look at its Purpose, Methods, and Effectiveness Erin Henegar ENS Minor Project May 1, 2005

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3 Environmental Education What is Environmental Education (EE)? Goals Formal and Non-Formal Types of EE Programs History School Programs/Science in the Classroom Camps/Day Centers Citizen Science

4 Effective Methods of EE Repeated Programming Hands On Experience/Experiential Learning Outdoor Classroom Efforts to Assess Impact CATES Great Smoky Mountains Institute at Tremont Other Studies

5 What is Environmental Education? Increases public awareness and knowledge People gain understanding of Environment Human effects on environment Various sides of environmental issues Inspires personal responsibility

6 It’s interdisciplinary Natural and Social Sciences GOAL – produce active environmentally-oriented citizen Formal EE specific curricula Non-Formal EE less structured

7 Brief History 1969 – EE defined 1970 – The EE Act 1976 – Belgrade Charter 1977 – Tbilisi Conference 1980 – “Goals for Curriculum Development” 1983 – Project WILD 1990 – National EE Act 1995 – EETAP 2000 – Guidelines for Env. Educators

8 Types of EE School Programs - Science Education Science + Social Environmental Emphasis EE Centers and Camps – Programs – Schools and Summer Citizen science

9 Effective Methods Hands-On Experience/Experiential Learning Piaget’s Theory Kruse & Card – Zoo Study Outdoor Classroom NJSOC Study Repeated Programming Kruse & Card – Zoo Study

10 Assessing Effectiveness Goals for EE Curriculum Development Informal Assessment Questioning Formal Assessment Developing Instrument CATES Elementary School Reflects knowledge of env. issues

11 Great Smoky Mountains Institute at Tremont (GSMIT) History “Connecting people and nature...” Youth Programs School Programs: August – May Summer Camps Five different programs: Ages 9-12; 11-13; Summer employment/Job-shadowing

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13 Summer Teacher Naturalist June – August 2004 Develop and teach programs Discovery Camp – Ages 9-12 Nature Clubs  “Long-horned, Tiger, and Dung Beetles…Oh My!”  “Look, Listen, and Feel”  “Stream Ecology” Smoky Mtn. Naturalist Expeditions – Ages “Arthropods” “Smokies Extravaganza!”

14 Nature Club Methods Outdoor Classroom Hiking Exploring Citizen Science Research tools Using & understanding Hands-On Learning Direct interaction with nature

15 Writing for Newsletters Write newsletter articles Walker Valley Reflections Personal, Educational Reach community ATBI Newsletter Report findings Advertise citizen science

16 Post-Camp Surveys Two informal surveys created Discovery Camp/Nat. Expeditions (9-13 yrs) Open questions Rating camp activities Parent section Env. Awareness, comfort, changes WAC/Field Ecology (13-17 yrs) Open questions Env. Awareness, what learned Return next year?

17 Studies on EE Effectiveness Kruse and Card – Summer 2002 Accredited zoo in FL Youth ages Four Programs Purpose – education and conservation animal husbandry component Study purpose Determine knowledge, attitude, behavior

18 Pretest, Posttest, delayed posttest Results- Conservation knowledge, attitude increase Behavior change – repeated programming Animal husbandry, conservation parallel

19 Smith-Sebasto & Semrau - Fall 2002 Sixth grade – 3 diff. schools NJOC Residential EE Program Seven lessons, outdoor component Study purpose Assess session effect on attitudes Pretest and posttest CATES – affect, behavior, beliefs Results No attitude effect Env. Responsible Behaviors (ERB) increased Limited by subjects and classes

20 Barraza & Cuaron – Winter 2002 Students aged 7-9 yrs Schools 3 England 5 Mexico Various env. policies Study Purpose Analyze familiarity 10 Env. Concepts How school, system affect knowledge EE sources

21 2 Assessments Familiarity Decision Results Correlation - familiarity and understanding Env. School & England = increased understanding Low/moderate env. Understanding Hands-on = understanding Sources – school & TV

22 Conclusion More research needed Ensures future efforts Need for EE increasing Schools Non-profit Centers/camps Desire to further EE

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