Multiple Intelligences Multiple Intelligences Enhance Learning No Guarantees…………magic words Suggestions… Professionals Cautious Task of Teaching… delicate/sensitive/difficult How a student Learns …….complex Uniqueness of each student ‘Necessity is the mother of invention’
Multiple Intelligences “Tell me and I forget, Show me and I remember, Involve me and I know” Chinese Proverb
How much do you remember? Recall peaks a few minutes after the learning experience ends Up to 40% of the material is forgotten within 5 minutes! Up to 80% of the material is forgotten within 24 hours!
Average Retention Rates Lecture 5% Reading 10% Audio Visual 20% Demonstration 30% Discussion 50% Practice by doing 75% Teach others 90%
Improve Learning Build in reward Use relaxation or energising techniques High expectations Use positive, affirming language Pre- process Give the big picture first Chunk it down Connect left and right for the whole brain learning Utilise all the intelligences Provide work at individual, pair and group
Improve learning Use visual displays Provide multi-path learning opportunities Use spiral learning Provide opportunities to demonstrate new knowledge Build in review Memory maps for note taking Music in the background Teach time and priority skills Use creative visualisation Build in fun!
Understanding Asking questions is fundamental to developing understanding Asking questions without fear or embarrassment is crucial to protecting self-esteem
Multiple Intelligences Howard Gardiner, Psychologist Dissatisfied with narrow range of ability that I.Q. tests measure Fascinated with how the brain works Studied different cultures, brain damaged adults and autistic children Wanted to devise a broader concept of intelligence At least 8 systems for learning and for coming to awareness
A Change in Emphasis…… Is He/She Clever? To In What Ways is He/She Clever ?
Multiple Intelligences Linguistic Logical/ mathematical Visual/spatial Musical Dr Howard Gardiner identified eight main categories of human intelligence: Some people excel in one of these areas at the expense of the others, while others have a more balanced profile Bodily-kinaestheticBodily-kinaesthetic IntrapersonalIntrapersonal InterpersonalInterpersonal NaturalistNaturalist
Linguistic / Verbal Sensitivity to sounds, rhythms and meanings of words Associated with arguing, debating, persuading and telling stories Like to read, write and listen Enjoy writing stories Often spell words accurately and easily Identify a linguistic student… Am I Linguistic?
Linguistic / Verbal Difficult words/ tell a story Word games /Crosswords Like to hear Library ….exercising / Early age……..baby is born with the potential of learning any language Improve Travel, Reading, listening to current affairs, Notice words Diary of an entrepreneur
Logical / Mathematical The capacity to recognise logical or numerical patterns Like to experiment, solve puzzles Enjoy working with numbers and mathematical formulas Love the challenge of a complex problem to solve Ask the questions “how?” and “ why?” Identify a logical student…. Am I Logical?
Logical / Mathematical Later in childhood Peaks in adulthood….40 Begin with a logical question… Order in life Time lines Lists What will happen next?
Love music and rhythmic patterns Sensitive to sounds in the environment Often reproduce a melody after hearing it only once Like to have music in the background when working Often quite skilled at mimicking sounds, language and accents Musical Identify a musical intelligent student Am I musically Intelligent?
Early and remains Power Christmas/funerals / Beta- attentive – Problem solving Alpha – relaxed – learning Theta – meditation Delta – deep sleep Key words to a familiar tune or rap Suzuki Musical
Visual / Spatial Think in images and pictures Often aware of objects, shapes, colours and patterns Like to draw, paint, make interesting designs and patterns Love jigsaw puzzles, reading maps and daydreaming Strong opinions about such things as colours that go together, textures that are appropriate and pleasing! Identify a visual intelligent student.. Am I visually intelligent?
Bodily / Kinaesthetic Control of body movements and the capacity to handle objects skilfully Learn through their body sensations, enjoy touching, feeling and tapping Enjoy role-play simulations, physical exercises Movement is essential Easily bored if they are not actively involved Identify a kinaesthetic Student…. Am I Kinaesthetically Intelligent?
Intrapersonal Like to work alone Self reflective Think about thinking Highly intuitive Inwardly motivated rather than needing external rewards Other people will come to them for advise Identify an Intrapersonal student.. Am I Intrapersonal person?
Interpersonal Sensitivity to moods, feelings, motivation and desires of other people Enable us to work with others Listen effectively, negotiate, handle conflicts and get along well with diverse groups of people Enjoy participating in cooperative learning groups Identify an interpersonal Intelligent student? Am I an Interpersonal person?
Naturalist Notice characteristics and patterns of the environment Like to collect items from nature, study them and group them Farmers, gardeners, botanists, geologists, florists. Identify a naturalist Intelligent student… Am I a naturalist intelligent person?
You may be interested in knowing what engineers discovered in a wind tunnel about why geese fly in a “V” formation. As each bird flaps its wings, it creates lift for the goose immediately following. By flying in a “V” formation, the whole flock adds at least 71% greater range than if each bird flew on its own. Whenever a goose falls out of formation, it suddenly feels the drag and resistance of trying to go it alone, and moves back into formation to take advantage of the lifting power of the bird immediately in front. When the lead goose gets tired, it rotates back in the wind and another goose flies point. The geese honk from behind to encourage those up front to keep their speed. Finally, when a goose gets sick, or is wounded by gun shots and falls out of formation, two geese fall out with him and follow him down to help protect them. They stay with him until he is either able to fly, or until he is dead. Then they launch out on their own or with another formation to catch up with the group
When we tap into our strongest intelligences…… We hit a pool of energy Our attention is caught Our interest is aroused Our understanding is enhanced Our memory is improved
“ Multiple Intelligences does not demand an overhaul of a Curriculum; it merely provides a framework for enhancing instruction and a language to describe ones efforts”
With regard to discipline Weak in a particular intelligence eg Linguistic Talking is the least effective approach to convey the seriousness of a discipline issue
A Journey of a Thousand Miles starts with the First Step! Multiple Intelligences
We rarely use a single intelligence on its own………………… We will invite you to do just that, so you can check out how you feel and what you think about that intelligence…………
Work Shop A very practical and fun approach to Multiple Intelligences! Each person must attempt 8 tasks representing the different Intelligences. Enjoy!
Multiple Intelligences Does the theory make sense in the light of your experience? How does it affect your view of the students? Does it affirm your current work? Does it offer good Resources For Teaching? Does it show useful ways of engaging students in their learning?
Multiple Intelligences Determine what is most appropriate for my teaching approach, Content, and Students. 1. One intelligence 2. Students choice 3. Other………………
A key to meeting the needs of the many different types of learner is variety. But variety does not happen by chance – it has to be planned for. Multiple Intelligences