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Entamoeba histolytica Beth Wozney. Geographic Distribution Worldwide! Higher rates: Tropical areas.

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Presentation on theme: "Entamoeba histolytica Beth Wozney. Geographic Distribution Worldwide! Higher rates: Tropical areas."— Presentation transcript:

1 Entamoeba histolytica Beth Wozney

2 Geographic Distribution Worldwide! Higher rates: Tropical areas

3 Hosts Definitive Humans Intermediate None are necessary Reservoir Dogs Pigs Monkeys Humans (asymptomatic)

4 Causes Amebic Dysentery Symptoms: Abdominal pain Weight loss Bloody, mucous diarrhea Intestinal lesions Can invade liver, lungs, and brain May cause death 40, ,000 deaths per year

5 Entamoeba histolytica inside-me-entamoeba-histolytica.html

6 Life Cycle

7 Life Cycle Continued… Human ingests cysts from fecally contaminated food or water In the large intestine, trophozoites undergo binary fission and multiply. Cysts and trophozoites are passed in the feces.

8 Life Cycle…

9 Pathogenesis Vary from asymptomatic to severe Amoebic dysentery: trophozoites invade the intestinal wall, leading to amoebic ulcer formations. Diarrhea with blood and mucus Liver abcesses Spread to lungs and brain Death

10 Diagnosis Direct Fecal Smear and staining: ingested red blood cell with distinctive nucleus Cysts: Cigar-shaped bodies, 4 nuclei, chromatoid bodies Enzyme Immunoassay (EIA) Indirect Hemagglutination Antigen Detection PCR: for species identification

11 Treatment Metronidazole Tinidazole Best method: Prevention! Filter drinking water in endemic areas Wash fruits and vegetables Wash your hands

12 E.Histolytica vs E.coli

13 Entamoeba coli Common Similar life cycle (Ingested cysts) Nonpathogenic Must be differentiated from E. histolytica

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16 Some True/False… 1.Entamoeba histolytica is only found in Africa and South America. 2.Entamoeba histolytica is the only pathogenic species of all the amebae. 3.Trophozoites and cysts can both be found in the stools of infected patients. 4.An intermediate host is necessary for the transmission of Entamoeba histolytica.


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