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IE496 Industrial Engineering Internship Dr. Barnes March 31, 2008 Lecture # 10.

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Presentation on theme: "IE496 Industrial Engineering Internship Dr. Barnes March 31, 2008 Lecture # 10."— Presentation transcript:

1 IE496 Industrial Engineering Internship Dr. Barnes March 31, 2008 Lecture # 10

2 Ethics Projects Approvals Group 1 – Group 1 – Group 2 – Group 2 – Group 3 – approved, China Airline Group 3 – approved, China Airline Group 4 – approved, Crandall Canyon Mine Group 4 – approved, Crandall Canyon Mine Group 5 – Group 5 – Group 6 – approved, I90 Boston Connector Group 6 – approved, I90 Boston Connector Group 7 – Group 7 – Group 8 – Group 8 – Group 9 – Group 9 – Group 10 – approved, Three Mile Island Group 10 – approved, Three Mile Island

3 Lecture - Change Lecture 11, April 7 th will be project review. There will be no class lecture that day. You will have a mandatory meeting with your academic advisor during that week that you need to schedule.

4 Final Oral Presentations Session 1: Monday, May 5, 9:00-12:30 Bell 337 Session 2: Tuesday, May 6, 9:00-12:30, Norton 209

5 Final Oral Presentations - continued Teams are to find a common time Teams are to find a common time Each person is expected to attend one full session Each person is expected to attend one full session Subject to professor availability Subject to professor availability Exam conflict will be considered Exam conflict will be considered

6 Regular Semester Assignments 1. Teamwork 2. Resume 3. Life-long learning 4. Assignment letter – where, when, etc. 5. Project plan 6. Meet with academic advisor

7 Status of Academic Advisor and Planning Document - continued Two things are now past imperative 1. That you meet your academic advisor 2. That you give your academic advisor and me your Planning Doc

8 Status of Academic Advisor and Planning Document StudentCompanyAdvisorPlanning Doc AwadCurbellWuno PiecuchGM Bisantzno Powertrain FrankSAMCOKocno IndraputaSAMCOKocno StroversSAMCOKocno

9 The Future of Engineering

10 Main Topics Technological Context of Engineering Practice Technological Context of Engineering Practice Societal, Global, and Professional Contexts of Engineering Practice Societal, Global, and Professional Contexts of Engineering Practice Aspirations for the Engineer of 2020 Aspirations for the Engineer of 2020 Attributes of Engineers in 2020 Attributes of Engineers in 2020

11 Technological Context of Engineering Practice Technological Change Technological Change Breakthrough Technologies Breakthrough Technologies Technological Challenges Technological Challenges

12 Technological Change More change from 1900 to 2000 than from all time before More change from 1900 to 2000 than from all time before Macroscopic → Microscopic → Macroscopic → Microscopic → Molecular → Atomic → Subatomic Molecular → Atomic → Subatomic

13 Breakthrough Technologies Biotechnology Biotechnology Nanotechnology Nanotechnology Materials Science and Photonics Materials Science and Photonics Information and Communications Technology Information and Communications Technology The Information Explosion The Information Explosion Logistics Logistics

14 Biotechnology Technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. The UN Convention on Biological Diversity has come up with one of many definitions of biotechnology:[1] Technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. The UN Convention on Biological Diversity has come up with one of many definitions of biotechnology:[1]echnologybiologyagriculturefood sciencemedicineUNConvention on Biological Diversity[1]echnologybiologyagriculturefood sciencemedicineUNConvention on Biological Diversity[1] "Biotechnology means any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use.""Biotechnology means any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use." This definition is at odds with common usage in the United States, where "biotechnology" generally refers to recombinant DNA based and/or tissue culture based processes that have only been commercialized since the 1970s. This definition is at odds with common usage in the United States, where "biotechnology" generally refers to recombinant DNA based and/or tissue culture based processes that have only been commercialized since the 1970s.recombinant DNAtissue culturerecombinant DNAtissue culture

15 Biotechnology - continued Red biotechnology is applied to medical processes. Some examples are the designing of organisms to produce antibiotics, and the engineering of genetic cures through genomic manipulation. Red biotechnology is applied to medical processes. Some examples are the designing of organisms to produce antibiotics, and the engineering of genetic cures through genomic manipulation.medicalantibioticsgenomic manipulationmedicalantibioticsgenomic manipulation White biotechnology, also known as grey biotechnology, is biotechnology applied to industrial processes. An example is the designing of an organism to produce a useful chemical. White biotechnology, also known as grey biotechnology, is biotechnology applied to industrial processes. An example is the designing of an organism to produce a useful chemical.industrial Green biotechnology is biotechnology applied to agricultural processes. An example is the designing of transgenic plants to grow under specific environmental conditions or in the presence (or absence) of certain agricultural chemicals. One hope is that green biotechnology might produce more environmentally friendly solutions than traditional industrial agriculture. An example of this is the engineering of a plant to express a pesticide, thereby eliminating the need for external application of pesticides. An example of this would be Bt corn. Whether or not green biotechnology products such as this are ultimately more environmentally friendly is a topic of considerable debate. Green biotechnology is biotechnology applied to agricultural processes. An example is the designing of transgenic plants to grow under specific environmental conditions or in the presence (or absence) of certain agricultural chemicals. One hope is that green biotechnology might produce more environmentally friendly solutions than traditional industrial agriculture. An example of this is the engineering of a plant to express a pesticide, thereby eliminating the need for external application of pesticides. An example of this would be Bt corn. Whether or not green biotechnology products such as this are ultimately more environmentally friendly is a topic of considerable debate.agriculturaltransgenic plantspesticideBt cornagriculturaltransgenic plantspesticideBt corn Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field which addresses biological problems using computational techniques. The field is also often referred to as computational biology. It plays a key role in various areas, such as functional genomics, structural genomics, and proteomics, and forms a key component in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical sector. Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field which addresses biological problems using computational techniques. The field is also often referred to as computational biology. It plays a key role in various areas, such as functional genomics, structural genomics, and proteomics, and forms a key component in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical sector. Bioinformaticsfunctional genomicsstructural genomicsproteomics Bioinformaticsfunctional genomicsstructural genomicsproteomics The term blue biotechnology has also been used to describe the marine and aquatic applications of biotechnology, but its use is relatively rare. The term blue biotechnology has also been used to describe the marine and aquatic applications of biotechnology, but its use is relatively rare.

16 What is Nanotechnology? Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at dimensions of roughly 1 to 100 nanometers, where unique phenomena enable novel applications. Encompassing nanoscale science, engineering and technology, nanotechnology involves imaging, measuring, modeling, and manipulating matter at this length scale. At the nanoscale, the physical, chemical, and biological properties of materials differ in fundamental and valuable ways from the properties of individual atoms and molecules or bulk matter. Nanotechnology R&D is directed toward understanding and creating improved materials, devices, and systems that exploit these new properties. One area of nanotechnology R&D is medicine. Medical researchers work at the micro- and nano-scales to develop new drug delivery methods, therapeutics and pharmaceuticals. For a bit of perspective, the diameter of DNA, our genetic material, is in the 2.5 nanometer range, while red blood cells are approximately 2.5 micrometers. Additional information about nanoscale research in medicine is available from the National Institutes of Health. Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at dimensions of roughly 1 to 100 nanometers, where unique phenomena enable novel applications. Encompassing nanoscale science, engineering and technology, nanotechnology involves imaging, measuring, modeling, and manipulating matter at this length scale. At the nanoscale, the physical, chemical, and biological properties of materials differ in fundamental and valuable ways from the properties of individual atoms and molecules or bulk matter. Nanotechnology R&D is directed toward understanding and creating improved materials, devices, and systems that exploit these new properties. One area of nanotechnology R&D is medicine. Medical researchers work at the micro- and nano-scales to develop new drug delivery methods, therapeutics and pharmaceuticals. For a bit of perspective, the diameter of DNA, our genetic material, is in the 2.5 nanometer range, while red blood cells are approximately 2.5 micrometers. Additional information about nanoscale research in medicine is available from the National Institutes of Health. nanoscale research in medicine nanoscale research in medicine A nanometer is one-billionth of a meter; a sheet of paper is about 100,000 nanometers thick. See The Scale of Things for a comparative view of the sizes of commonly known items and nanoscale particles. A nanometer is one-billionth of a meter; a sheet of paper is about 100,000 nanometers thick. See The Scale of Things for a comparative view of the sizes of commonly known items and nanoscale particles.The Scale of ThingsThe Scale of Things

17 Photonics The science and technology of generating, controlling, and detecting photons, particularly in the visible light and near infra-red spectrum. photons visible lightinfra-red spectrumphotons visible lightinfra-red spectrum

18 Applications of Photonics Consumer Equipment: Barcode scanner, printer, CD/DVD/Blu-ray devices, remote control devices Consumer Equipment: Barcode scanner, printer, CD/DVD/Blu-ray devices, remote control devicesBarcode Telecommunications: Optical fiber communications Telecommunications: Optical fiber communications Telecommunications Medicine: correction of poor eyesight, laser surgery, surgical endoscopy, tattoo removal Medicine: correction of poor eyesight, laser surgery, surgical endoscopy, tattoo removal Medicine Industrial manufacturing: the use of lasers for welding, drilling, cutting, and various kinds of surface modification Industrial manufacturing: the use of lasers for welding, drilling, cutting, and various kinds of surface modificationmanufacturing Construction: laser levelling, laser rangefinding, smart structures Construction: laser levelling, laser rangefinding, smart structures Construction Aviation: photonic gyroscopes lacking any moving parts Aviation: photonic gyroscopes lacking any moving parts Aviation Military: IR sensors, command and control, navigation, search and rescue, mine laying and detection Military: IR sensors, command and control, navigation, search and rescue, mine laying and detection Military Entertainment: laser shows, beam effects, holographic art Entertainment: laser shows, beam effects, holographic art Entertainment Information processing Information processing Information processing Information processing Metrology: time and frequency measurements, rangefinding Metrology: time and frequency measurements, rangefinding Metrologyrangefinding Metrologyrangefinding Photonic computing: clock distribution and communication between computers, circuit boards, or within optoelectronic integrated circuits; in the future: quantum computing Photonic computing: clock distribution and communication between computers, circuit boards, or within optoelectronic integrated circuits; in the future: quantum computing Photonic computingcomputerscircuit boards integrated circuitsquantum computing Photonic computingcomputerscircuit boards integrated circuitsquantum computing

19 Technological Challenges Physical Infrastructures in Urban Settings Physical Infrastructures in Urban Settings Information and Communications Infrastructures Information and Communications Infrastructures The Environment The Environment Technology for an Aging Population Technology for an Aging Population

20 Societal, Global, and Professional Contexts of Engineering Practice Social Context Social Context Professional Context for Engineers of the Future Professional Context for Engineers of the Future Implications for Engineering Education Implications for Engineering Education

21 Social Context Population and Demographics Population and Demographics Health and Healthcare Health and Healthcare The Youth Bulge and Security Implications The Youth Bulge and Security Implications The Accelerating Global Economy The Accelerating Global Economy

22 Professional Context for Engineers in the Future The Systems Perspective The Systems Perspective Working in TeamsWorking in Teams ComplexityComplexity Customerization Customerization Public Policy Public Policy Public Understanding of Engineering Public Understanding of Engineering Building on Past Successes and Failures Building on Past Successes and Failures

23 Implications for Engineering Education An Aging Population An Aging Population The Global Economy The Global Economy The Five- or Six-Year Professional Degree The Five- or Six-Year Professional Degree Immigration and the Next Generation of U.S. Engineering Students Immigration and the Next Generation of U.S. Engineering Students Building on Past Successes and Failures Building on Past Successes and Failures Education Research Education Research Teamwork, Communication, and Public Policy Teamwork, Communication, and Public Policy

24 Aspirations for the Engineer of 2002 Visions of the Committee Visions of the Committee

25 Visions of the Committee Our Image of the Profession Our Image of the Profession Engineering without Boundaries Engineering without Boundaries Engineering a Sustainable Society and World Engineering a Sustainable Society and World Education of the Engineer of 2020 Education of the Engineer of 2020

26 Our Image and the Profession By 2020, we aspire to a public that will understand and appreciate the profound impact of the engineering profession on socio-cultural systems, the full spectrum of career opportunities accessible through an engineering education, and the value of an engineering education top engineers working successfully in non-engineering jobs. a public that will understand and appreciate the profound impact of the engineering profession on socio-cultural systems, the full spectrum of career opportunities accessible through an engineering education, and the value of an engineering education top engineers working successfully in non-engineering jobs.

27 Our Image and the Profession - continued We aspire to a public that will recognize the union of professionalism, technical knowledge, social and historical awareness, and traditions that serve to make engineers competent to address the world’s complex and changing challenges. a public that will recognize the union of professionalism, technical knowledge, social and historical awareness, and traditions that serve to make engineers competent to address the world’s complex and changing challenges.

28 Our Image and the Profession - continued We aspire to engineers in 2020 who will remain well grounded in the basics of mathematics and science, and who will expand their vision of design through solid grounding in the humanities, social sciences, and economics. Emphasis on the creative process will allow more effective leadership in the development and application of next-generation technologies to problems of the future. engineers in 2020 who will remain well grounded in the basics of mathematics and science, and who will expand their vision of design through solid grounding in the humanities, social sciences, and economics. Emphasis on the creative process will allow more effective leadership in the development and application of next-generation technologies to problems of the future.

29 Engineering without Boundaries We aspire to an engineering profession that will rapidly embrace the potentialities offered by creativity, invention, and cross-disciplinary fertilization to create and accommodate new fields of endeavors, including those that require openness to interdisciplinary efforts with non-engineering disciplines such as science, social science, and business. an engineering profession that will rapidly embrace the potentialities offered by creativity, invention, and cross-disciplinary fertilization to create and accommodate new fields of endeavors, including those that require openness to interdisciplinary efforts with non-engineering disciplines such as science, social science, and business.

30 Engineering without Boundaries - continued By 2020 we aspire to engineers who will assume leadership positions from which they can serve as positive influences in the making of public policy and in the administration of government and industry. engineers who will assume leadership positions from which they can serve as positive influences in the making of public policy and in the administration of government and industry. an engineering profession that will effectively recruit, nurture, and welcome underrepresented groups to its ranks. an engineering profession that will effectively recruit, nurture, and welcome underrepresented groups to its ranks.

31 Engineering a Sustainable Society and World It is our aspiration that engineers will continue to be leaders in the movement toward use of wise, informed, and economical sustainable development. This should begin in our educational institutions and be founded in the basic tenets of the engineering profession and its actions. engineers will continue to be leaders in the movement toward use of wise, informed, and economical sustainable development. This should begin in our educational institutions and be founded in the basic tenets of the engineering profession and its actions.

32 Engineering a Sustainable Society and World - continued We aspire to a future where engineers are prepared to adapt to changes in global forces and trends and to ethically assist the world in creating a balance in the standard of living for developing and developed countries alike. engineers are prepared to adapt to changes in global forces and trends and to ethically assist the world in creating a balance in the standard of living for developing and developed countries alike.

33 Education of the Engineer of 2020 It is our aspiration that engineering educators and practicing engineers together undertake a proactive effort to prepare engineering education to address the technology and societal challenges and opportunities of the future. With appropriate thought and consideration, and using new strategic planning tools, we should reconstitute engineering curricula and related educational programs to prepare today’s engineers for the careers of the future, with due recognition of the rapid pace of change in the world and its intrinsic lack of predictability. engineering educators and practicing engineers together undertake a proactive effort to prepare engineering education to address the technology and societal challenges and opportunities of the future. With appropriate thought and consideration, and using new strategic planning tools, we should reconstitute engineering curricula and related educational programs to prepare today’s engineers for the careers of the future, with due recognition of the rapid pace of change in the world and its intrinsic lack of predictability.

34 Education of the Engineer of continued Our aspiration is to shape the engineering curriculum for 2020 so as to be responsive to the disparate learning styles of different student populations and attractive for all those seeking full and well- rounded education that prepares a person for a creative and productive life and positions of leadership. shape the engineering curriculum for 2020 so as to be responsive to the disparate learning styles of different student populations and attractive for all those seeking full and well- rounded education that prepares a person for a creative and productive life and positions of leadership.

35 Attributes of Engineers in 2020 Connections between Engineering Past, Present, and Future Connections between Engineering Past, Present, and Future

36 Guiding Principles The pace of technological innovation will continue to be rapid (most likely accelerating) The pace of technological innovation will continue to be rapid (most likely accelerating) The world in which technology will be deployed will be intensely globally interconnected. The world in which technology will be deployed will be intensely globally interconnected. The population of individuals who are involved with or affected by technology (e.g., designers, manufacturers, distributors, users) will be increasingly diverse and multidisciplinary. The population of individuals who are involved with or affected by technology (e.g., designers, manufacturers, distributors, users) will be increasingly diverse and multidisciplinary.

37 Guiding Principles - continued Social, cultural, political, and economic forces will continue to shape and affect success of technological innovation. Social, cultural, political, and economic forces will continue to shape and affect success of technological innovation. The presence of technology in our everyday lives will be seamless, transparent, and more significant than ever. The presence of technology in our everyday lives will be seamless, transparent, and more significant than ever.

38 Connections between Engineering Past, Present, and Future Will require strong analytical skills require strong analytical skills exhibit practical ingenuity exhibit practical ingenuity have creativity have creativity require good communication require good communication need to master principles of management and business need to master principles of management and business understand principles of leadership understand principles of leadership possess high ethical standards and strong professionalism possess high ethical standards and strong professionalism demonstrate dynamism, agility, resilience, and flexibility demonstrate dynamism, agility, resilience, and flexibility be lifelong learners be lifelong learners

39 Game Let’s make a list of what you believe will be the top strategic technologies for the year 2020.

40 Battelle Battelle’s Technology Forecasts ch_forecast/index.aspx ch_forecast/index.aspx

41 Battelle’s 2020 Strategic Technologies Genetic-based Medical and Health Care Genetic-based Medical and Health Care Genetic-based Medical and Health Care Genetic-based Medical and Health Care High-power energy packages High-power energy packages High-power energy packages High-power energy packages GrinTech (Green Integrated Technology) GrinTech (Green Integrated Technology) GrinTech Omnipresent Computing Omnipresent Computing Omnipresent Computing Omnipresent Computing Nanomachines Nanomachines Nanomachines Personalized Public Transportation Personalized Public Transportation Personalized Public Transportation Personalized Public Transportation Designer Foods and Crops Designer Foods and Crops Designer Foods and Crops Designer Foods and Crops Intelligent Goods and Appliances Intelligent Goods and Appliances Intelligent Goods and Appliances Intelligent Goods and Appliances Worldwide Inexpensive and Safe Water Worldwide Inexpensive and Safe Water Worldwide Inexpensive and Safe Water Worldwide Inexpensive and Safe Water Super Senses Super Senses Super Senses Super Senses

42 Rising Above the Gathering Storm – Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future A report from the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine

43 Charge U.S. Congress – what are the top actions that federal policy-makers could take to enhance the science and technology enterprise so that the United States can successfully compete, prosper and be secure in the global community of the 21 st Century?

44 Top Actions 1. Increase America’s talent pool by vast improving K – 12 science and mathematics 2. Sustain and strengthen the nation’s traditional commitment to long-term basic research 3. Make the U.S. the most attractive setting to study and perform research 4. Insure that the U.S. is the premier place in the world to innovate

45 Info source The Engineer of 2020 – Visions of Engineering in the New Century, National Academy of Engineering, The Engineer of 2020 – Visions of Engineering in the New Century, National Academy of Engineering, The Battelle company, Columbus, Ohio The Battelle company, Columbus, Ohio Rising Above the Gathering Storm, National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine, Rising Above the Gathering Storm, National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine, Wikipedia Wikipedia Wikipedia

46 Our Remaining Regular Weeks Next week – no class - Mandatory meeting with your academic advisor Ethics Assignment Groups will be assigned to present in three classes – April 14, 21, 28. Groups will be assigned to present in three classes – April 14, 21, 28. Each group must submit their assignments electronically by April 14 th. Each group must submit their assignments electronically by April 14 th.


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