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J. Patrick Jones North Carolina Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Structural Pest Control & Pesticides Division.

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Presentation on theme: "J. Patrick Jones North Carolina Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Structural Pest Control & Pesticides Division."— Presentation transcript:

1 J. Patrick Jones North Carolina Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Structural Pest Control & Pesticides Division

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4 THE NEW EPA BEE ADVISORY BOX On EPA’s new and strengthened pesticide label to protect pollinators APPLICATION RESTRICTIONS E XIST FOR THIS PRODUCT BECAUSE OF RISK TO BEES AND OTHER INSECT POLLINATORS. F OLLOW APPLICATION RESTRICTIONS FOUND IN THE D IRECTIONS FOR U SE TO PROTECT POLLINATORS. Alerts users to separate restrictions on the label. These prohibit certain pesticide use when bees are present. Alerts users to separate restrictions on the label. These prohibit certain pesticide use when bees are present. L OOK FOR THE BEE HAZARD ICON IN THE D IRECTIONS FOR U SE FOR EACH APPLICATION SITE FOR SPECIFIC USE RESTRICTIONS AND INSTRUCTIONS TO PROTECT BEES AND OTHER INSECT POLLINATORS. The new bee icon helps signal the pesticide’s potential hazard to bees. The new bee icon helps signal the pesticide’s potential hazard to bees. T HIS PRODUCT CAN KILL BEES AND OTHER INSECT POLLINATORS. B EES AND OTHER INSECT POLLINATORS WILL FORAGE ON PLANTS WHEN THEY FLOWER, SHED POLLEN, OR PRODUCE NECTAR. Bees are often present and foraging when plants and trees flower. EPA’s new label makes it clear that Pesticides cannot be applied until all petals have fallen. Bees are often present and foraging when plants and trees flower. EPA’s new label makes it clear that Pesticides cannot be applied until all petals have fallen. Makes clear that pesticide products can kill bees and pollinators.

5 B EES AND OTHER INSECT POLLINATORS CAN BE EXPOSED TO THIS PESTICIDE FROM : D IRECT CONTACT DURING FOLIAR APPLICATIONS, OR CONTACT WITH RESIDUES ON PLANT SURFACES AFTER FOLIAR APPLICATIONS. I NGESTION OF RESIDUES IN NECTAR AND POLLEN WHEN THE PESTICIDE IS APPLIED AS A SEED TREATMENT, SOIL, TREE INJECTION, AS WELL AS FOLIAR APPLICATIONS. B EES AND OTHER INSECT POLLINATORS CAN BE EXPOSED TO THIS PESTICIDE FROM : D IRECT CONTACT DURING FOLIAR APPLICATIONS, OR CONTACT WITH RESIDUES ON PLANT SURFACES AFTER FOLIAR APPLICATIONS. I NGESTION OF RESIDUES IN NECTAR AND POLLEN WHEN THE PESTICIDE IS APPLIED AS A SEED TREATMENT, SOIL, TREE INJECTION, AS WELL AS FOLIAR APPLICATIONS. Warns users that direct contact and ingestion could harm pollinators. EPA is working with beekeepers, growers, pesticide companies, and others to advance pesticide management practices. W HEN U SING T HIS P RODUCT T AKE S TEPS T O : M INIMIZE EXPOSURE OF THIS PRODUCT TO BEES AND OTHER INSECT POLLINATORS WHEN THEY ARE FORAGING ON POLLINATOR ATTRACTIVE PLANTS AROUND THE APPLICATION SITE. M INIMIZE DRIFT OF THIS PRODUCT ON BEEHIVES OR TO OFF - SITE POLLINATOR ATTRACTIVE HABITAT. D RIFT OF THIS PRODUCT ONTO BEEHIVES CAN RESULT IN BEE KILLS. W HEN U SING T HIS P RODUCT T AKE S TEPS T O : M INIMIZE EXPOSURE OF THIS PRODUCT TO BEES AND OTHER INSECT POLLINATORS WHEN THEY ARE FORAGING ON POLLINATOR ATTRACTIVE PLANTS AROUND THE APPLICATION SITE. M INIMIZE DRIFT OF THIS PRODUCT ON BEEHIVES OR TO OFF - SITE POLLINATOR ATTRACTIVE HABITAT. D RIFT OF THIS PRODUCT ONTO BEEHIVES CAN RESULT IN BEE KILLS. Highlights the importance of avoiding drift. Sometimes, wind can cause pesticides to drift to new areas and can cause bee kills. Highlights the importance of avoiding drift. Sometimes, wind can cause pesticides to drift to new areas and can cause bee kills. The science says that there are many causes for a decline in pollinator health, including pesticide exposure. EPA’s new label will help protect pollinators.

6 Do not apply this product while bees are foraging. Do not apply this product until flowering is complete and all petals have fallen unless the following condition has been met. If an application must be made when managed bees are at the treatment site, the beekeeper providing the pollination services must be notified no less than 48-hours prior to the time of the planned application so that the bees can be removed, covered or otherwise protected prior to spraying.

7 SHORTFALLS Only protects hives from the contracted pollinator. Provides limited protection to other pollinators and no protection for neighboring hives. This group is well known to each other and are communicating about pesticide applications.

8 Do not apply this product while bees are foraging. Do not apply this product until flowering is complete and all petals have fallen unless one of the following conditions has been met. The application is made to the target site after sunset The application is made to the target site when temperatures are below 55˚F The application is made in accordance with a government-initiated public health response

9 The application is made in accordance with an active state- administered apiary registry program where beekeepers are notified no less than 48-hours prior to the time of the planned application so that the bees can be removed, covered or otherwise protected prior to spraying The application is made due to an imminent threat of significant crop loss and a documented determination consistent with an IPM plan or predetermined economic threshold is met. Every effort should be made to notify beekeepers no less than 48 hours prior to the time of the planned application so that the bees can be removed, covered, or otherwise protected prior to spraying.

10 SHORTFALLS Challenges of night time application Limited days of below 55˚F during growing season Will need to change NC Registered Apiary Regulation to allow 48 hour notification More research needed for IPM and crop loss data RT 25 Values > 12 hours

11 Do not apply [insert name of product] while bees are foraging. Do not apply [insert name of product] to plants that are flowering. Only apply after all flower petals have fallen off.

12 SHORTFALLS Only apply after all flower petals have fallen off?

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14 Presidential Memorandum Creating a Federal Strategy to Promote the Health of Honey Bees and Other Pollinators – June 20, 2014 Pollinator Reduction Believed to be Linked to: – Poor Bee Nutrition – Loss of Forage Lands – Parasites – Pathogens – Lack of Genetic Diversity, and – Pesticides

15 Presidential Memorandum Expand Federal Efforts and Take New Steps to Reverse Pollinator Losses and Restore Populations to Healthy Levels: – Establishing the Pollinator Health Task Force Chaired by Secretary of Agriculture and Administrator of EPA Develop a National Pollinator Health Strategy, which shall include explicit goals, milestones, and metrics to measure progress

16 Presidential Memorandum – The Strategy shall include the following components: Pollinator Research Action Plan Public Education Plan Public-Private Partnerships – Increasing and Improving Pollinator Habitat

17 Pollinator Protection Plans Mississippi’s “Bee Aware” Flag – Part of a statewide effort to foster Communication – Hive and Flag Placement – GPS – Notify Ground and Aerial Applicators of Hive Locations – Timing of Applications

18 ND Pollinator Plan Goals Ensuring positive relationships & peaceful co-existence Reducing pesticide exposure and risk to pollinators Ensuring robust apiary industry & agriculture economy Continued high compliance with state pesticide & apiary requirements

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20 Pollinator Protection Plans Florida DACS – Citrus Green – Asian citrus psyllid – Beekeepers Must Register – Bee Locator – 1 mile square – Communication – Written Agreements

21 Pollinator Protection Task Force NC Pollinator Protection Task Force - NC Farm Bureau - NCSU - NCDA&CS- Commodity Groups - Beekeepers- Agrochem Industry Potential Plan of Work: – Pollinator Plan – Flags – Mapping

22 02 NCAC 09L.1009 NOTIFICATION OF APIARIES Any person who hires the services of an aerial applicator to apply a pesticide labeled as toxic to bees, shall notify, based on available listings of registered apiaries, the owner or operator of any registered apiary located within one ‑ half mile of the target area not less than twenty ‑ four hours nor more than ten days prior to the beginning of a single application or a seasonal spray schedule, giving the approximate time of day of application and type of pesticide to be used. Notification may be either oral or written. Notification for the purposes of this Paragraph is defined as follows: (1) Written communication by: (a) U.S. mail, (b) Notification left at residence, or (c) Notification left at alternate as designated on the honeybee registration list (2) Oral communication by: (a) telephone, (b) personal communication, or (c) verbal communication with an alternate as designated on the honeybee registration list

23 Follow national discussions on pollinator health Revise Registered Apiary Program Pollinator Protection Plan (e.g., MS, ND, FL) – What would NC’s look like? – Guidance document—BMPs for pesticide applicators and beekeepers

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