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1QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla - 2010 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم Role of QCAP Lab in Control of Pesticide Residues and Food Contaminates in Egypt Role of QCAP.

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Presentation on theme: "1QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla - 2010 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم Role of QCAP Lab in Control of Pesticide Residues and Food Contaminates in Egypt Role of QCAP."— Presentation transcript:

1 1QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم Role of QCAP Lab in Control of Pesticide Residues and Food Contaminates in Egypt Role of QCAP Lab in Control of Pesticide Residues and Food Contaminates in Egypt

2 2QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla

3 3 Contents _______________________________ History History Objectives & Missions Objectives & Missions Lab Facts Lab Facts Lab Cooperation & Other Scientific Activities Lab Cooperation & Other Scientific Activities Lab Staff &Organizational Structure Lab Staff &Organizational Structure QCAP Lab Scope &Analytical Activities QCAP Lab Scope &Analytical Activities Microbiological Examinations Microbiological Examinations Analyzable Products Analyzable Products Accreditation & Technical Scope Accreditation & Technical Scope Summary Summary Future Plan Future Plan_______________________________________________________________

4 4QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Central Laboratory of Residue Analysis of Pesticides and Heavy Metals in Food (QCAP Lab) The Central Laboratory of Residue Analysis of Pesticides and Heavy Metals in Food (QCAP Lab) was established in 1995, under the Agricultural Research Center (ARC), Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation of Egypt (MALR) according to the Ministerial Decree no. 680/1995

5 5QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla QCAP The laboratory is the main output of the collaboration between Egyptian and Finnish governments through the Quality Control of Agriculture Products Project (QCAP).  The laboratory is still known as the QCAP Lab.

6 6QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla QCAP Lab Objectives & Missions

7 7QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Lab Missions Safe Food…Healthy People QCAP Lab is focusing on food safety under two major activities; QCAP Lab is focusing on food safety under two major activities; Egyptian Consumer protection against chemical and biological contaminants in food and environment. 1- Egyptian Consumer protection against chemical and biological contaminants in food and environment. 2- Promoting exports from agricultural products through guaranteed safety standards and measurements that comply with the requirements of the importing countries.

8 8QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Control of pesticide residues and food contaminants throughout: Analyzing samples from shipments of agricultural products prior to export and issuing accredited certificates for results. Analyzing samples from shipments of agricultural products prior to export and issuing accredited certificates for results. Analyzing samples from certain imported food & agriculture products in order to prevent food not complying with the standards of contaminants to enter the country for consumption. Analyzing samples from certain imported food & agriculture products in order to prevent food not complying with the standards of contaminants to enter the country for consumption. Monitoring status of chemical and biological contamination in food and agricultural products in the local markets through the National Monitoring Program in the laboratory. Monitoring status of chemical and biological contamination in food and agricultural products in the local markets through the National Monitoring Program in the laboratory. Lab Objectives

9 9QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Laboratory Activities Cooperation with: Research Institutes Research Institutes Export & Import Companies Export & Import Companies Farmers and Consumers Farmers and Consumers Organic Agriculture Organization Organic Agriculture Organization National and official organizations such as, Agricultural and Veterinary Quarantine, General organization for export and import control GOEIC, National and official organizations such as, Agricultural and Veterinary Quarantine, General organization for export and import control GOEIC, General organization of veterinary services, GOVS General organization of veterinary services, GOVS Training of inspectors from plant quarantine on the methods of sampling. Training of inspectors from plant quarantine on the methods of sampling. Development and renovating of the methods of analysis Development and renovating of the methods of analysis QCAP often the early leader in developing analytical methods to fulfill the international standards and to respond to emerged food crisis QCAP often the early leader in developing analytical methods to fulfill the international standards and to respond to emerged food crisis. Provide training on the scope of analytical work. Provide training on the scope of analytical work.

10 10QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Training Training Programs for: Training Programs for: Trainees from Arab and African Countries in the Region Trainees from Arab and African Countries in the Region Researchers and interested groups Researchers and interested groups Inspectors of AQ Inspectors of AQ Growers specially at sampling procedures Growers specially at sampling procedures Program includes: Program includes: Sampling Procedures according to international standards Sampling Procedures according to international standards ISO and labs accreditation ISO and labs accreditation Quality control and quality assurance system Quality control and quality assurance system Analytical methods adopted in the laboratory, Analytical methods adopted in the laboratory,

11 11QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla The Lab is accredited since 1996 and in full compliance with the general criteria for testing laboratories laid down according to ISO/IEC 17025:2005 “General requirements for the competence of calibration and testing laboratories”. The Lab is accredited since 1996 and in full compliance with the general criteria for testing laboratories laid down according to ISO/IEC 17025:2005 “General requirements for the competence of calibration and testing laboratories”. More than 14 years of accumulated experience. More than 14 years of accumulated experience. Full service, fully equipped food analysis testing capabilities. Full service, fully equipped food analysis testing capabilities. QCAP LAB HOLDS THE LEADER POSITION IN EGYPT IN DOMAIN OF ITS WORK. Lab Facts

12 12QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Highly trained professional and competent analysts and microbiologists. Highly trained professional and competent analysts and microbiologists. Running many of scientific researches in the field of pesticides residue and contaminates in food. Running many of scientific researches in the field of pesticides residue and contaminates in food. Lab Facts  Analyzing more than 500 contaminates.  Detection of 15 food-pathogens.  More than 40 accredited methods of analysis for chemical and biological pollutants in food.  The laboratory analyzed more than 320,000 samples since 1995.

13 13QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Reference Center of food residues - contaminates and environmental pollutants. Reference Center of food residues - contaminates and environmental pollutants. Expand scope of analysis to include: Expand scope of analysis to include: Lab Facts RESIDUES Pesticides in fruits and vegetables Pesticides in animal-food & feed Veterinary drugs in animal food origin CONTAMINANTS Heavy metals Mycotoxins Persistence Organic Pollutants – Dioxins, PCBs & PAHs Acrylamide Melamine & related compounds Histamine, Ciguatoxins OTHER TESTS Food Additives (Flavors, Colorants) Nitrates Illegal Dyes (Sudan & Malachite green) FOOD PATHOGENS

14 14QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Relations Between QCAP Lab & Other National Organizations

15 15QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Lab Staff & OrganizationalStructure

16 16QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Lab Staff Total number of persons employed in the Lab is 160 The lab is divided into two main activities: The lab is divided into two main activities: The Chemistry lab The Chemistry lab (54 analysts), The Microbiology lab The Microbiology lab (6 microbiologists) Approximately one half has completed one of the post graduate studies abroad or at home (Masters of Science, Doctors of Science). Approximately one half has completed one of the post graduate studies abroad or at home (Masters of Science, Doctors of Science). Others (100) technicians, Supported staff, Secretariats, financial & administration departments, maintenance engineers, receptionists & customer service, data handling & computer services, etc.). Others (100) technicians, Supported staff, Secretariats, financial & administration departments, maintenance engineers, receptionists & customer service, data handling & computer services, etc.). The prevailing age group among the researchers and analysts ranges between 25 and 35 years. The prevailing age group among the researchers and analysts ranges between 25 and 35 years.

17 17QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla All lab Staff persons had extensive in- house training courses discussing: All lab Staff persons had extensive in- house training courses discussing: CAC & EU Directives and Regulations CAC & EU Directives and Regulations Sampling, chemical & microbiological analyses, Sampling, chemical & microbiological analyses, Quality control and quality assurance according to ISO 17025:2005. Quality control and quality assurance according to ISO 17025:2005.

18 18QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Personnel skills are continually updated through attendance of training courses, workshops, professional conferences, and regular participation in national and international organizations meetings. Personnel skills are continually updated through attendance of training courses, workshops, professional conferences, and regular participation in national and international organizations meetings. More than 75 missions and training abroad from 2005 up to More than 75 missions and training abroad from 2005 up to List of scientific publications includes more than 90 research papers & theses. List of scientific publications includes more than 90 research papers & theses.

19 19QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Organizational Structure QUALITY MANAGER

20 20QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla QCAP Lab Scope & Analytical Activities

21 21QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla The Lab has a pivotal role in analyzing different types of chemical and biological contaminants in food and environment that including: More than 500 chemical contaminates analyzed. More than 500 chemical contaminates analyzed. 15 food-pathogens Microorganisms detected. 15 food-pathogens Microorganisms detected. Standard methods used: AOAC, ISO, CEN. Standard methods used: AOAC, ISO, CEN. Methods validated before use: LOQ, recovery, linearity, repeatability, reproducibility, accuracy & uncertainty. Methods validated before use: LOQ, recovery, linearity, repeatability, reproducibility, accuracy & uncertainty.

22 22QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla

23 23QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Pesticide Residues More than 400 compounds from different chemical More than 400 compounds from different chemical Groups using LC-MS/MS and GC-MSD techniques. Groups using LC-MS/MS and GC-MSD techniques. Wide range of pesticides (requested by customers, registered, or banned). “Mistrial Decree 622/2008” Wide range of pesticides (requested by customers, registered, or banned). “Mistrial Decree 622/2008” Fulfilling the requirements of international standards: Fulfilling the requirements of international standards: Pesticide EU-MRLs (0.01 mg/kg)“Regulation (EC) No 396/2005” Pesticide EU-MRLs (0.01 mg/kg)“Regulation (EC) No 396/2005” Codex Alimentarius requirements. Codex Alimentarius requirements. Investigating pesticide residues in organic products. Investigating pesticide residues in organic products.

24 24QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Pesticide Residues QCAP participate in EU-CRL PT-FV and classified as category A QCAP participate in EU-CRL PT-FV and classified as category A QCAP approved from QS-system Germany, QCAP approved from QS-system Germany, Quality and Safety of food chain from “Farm to Fork” Quality and Safety of food chain from “Farm to Fork” QCAP approval from EDEKA markets in Germany QCAP approval from EDEKA markets in Germany Contracted with food expert -Spain Contracted with food expert -Spain

25 25QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Heavy Metals & Trace Elements Analytical Methods 1.Copper Cu 2.Lead Pb 3.Cadmium Cd 4.Tin Sn 5.Mercury Hg 6.Zinc Zn 7.Iron Fe 8.Arsenic As 9.Aluminum Al 10.Manganese Mn 11.Chromium Cr 12.Cobalt Co 13.Nickel Ni

26 26QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Mycotoxins Aflatoxins B1,B2, G1,G2 OchratoxinsPatulin Mycotoxins

27 27QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Dioxins and PCB’s like dioxins Dioxins and PCB’s like dioxins Dioxins are stable compounds, the minute amount of it cause hazards effect on human and environment. Dioxins are stable compounds, the minute amount of it cause hazards effect on human and environment. The laboratory introduce the analysis of dioxin although the difficulties of their analysis. The analysis need special trained persons, special instrument for identification of the very small amount of residues measured in Pico-gram levels. The laboratory introduce the analysis of dioxin although the difficulties of their analysis. The analysis need special trained persons, special instrument for identification of the very small amount of residues measured in Pico-gram levels. Dioxins compounds consist of 210 congeners, 17 of them are the most toxic. Dioxins compounds consist of 210 congeners, 17 of them are the most toxic. HRGC/HRMSD for Detection of POPs

28 28QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Substances/ * Group * StatusCompounds Covered Group A1Essential Diethylstilbestrol, Hexestrol, Dienestrol Group A3Essential Trenbolone, Testosterone, Progesterone ** Group A6 ** Essential Chloramphenicol, Dimetridazole, Ronidazole Group B1Essential Amoxicillin, Ampicillin, Ceftiofur, Chlortetracyclin, Ciprofloxacin, Doxycyclin, Enrofloxacin, Erythromycin, Flumequin, Gentamycin, Lincomycin, Oxytetracycline, Penicillin V, Sulfa drugs, Tetracycline, Trimethoprim, Tylosin Veterinary Drugs & Antibiotics Analytical Methods Annex I of council directive 96/23/EC * Groups defined in Annex I of council directive 96/23/EC Annex IV to Council Regulation (EEC) No 2377/90 ** Compounds included in Annex IV to Council Regulation (EEC) No 2377/90

29 29QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Other Specific Analytical Methods Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(a)pyrene Nitrate Nitrate Histamine Histamine Ciguatoxin Ciguatoxin Melamine & Analogues Melamine & Analogues Illegal Sudan Dyes Illegal Sudan Dyes Sudan I, Sudan II, Sudan III, Sudan IV, Sudan Red 7B, and Sudan Orange G, para red. Sudan I, Sudan II, Sudan III, Sudan IV, Sudan Red 7B, and Sudan Orange G, para red. Illegal Malachite Green Illegal Malachite Green Acrylamide Acrylamide Food Additives Food Additives

30 30QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Microbiological Examinations ( 15 food-pathogen microbes) 1.Bacillus cereus, 2.Clostredium perfringens, 3.Coliforms, 4.Fecal coliforms, 5.E. coli, 6.Enterobacter, 7.Enterococci, 8.Listeria monocytogens, 9.Molds, 10.Yeasts, 11.Salmonella, 12.Shigella, 13.Staphylococcus aureus, 14.Vibrio cholerae, 15.Aerobic total plate count. 16.Legonella

31 31QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Microbiological Examinations All foodstuffs Samples All foodstuffs Samples Water Samples Water Samples (drinking, irrigation, others) Swab Tests Swab Tests (food production factories, others) Accredited Scope

32 32QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla AnalyzableProducts

33 33QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Analyzable Products/Commodities Foodstuffs Originating from Plants and Animals Foodstuffs Originating from Plants and Animals Fresh Fruits and Vegetables. Fresh Fruits and Vegetables. Spices, Herbs, and Medicinal Plants. Spices, Herbs, and Medicinal Plants. Cereals. Cereals. Dehydrated Products (Dried Fruit & Vegetables, Concentrates) Dehydrated Products (Dried Fruit & Vegetables, Concentrates) Fats and Oils. Fats and Oils. Milk and Dairy Products. Milk and Dairy Products. Honey, Sweeteners, and Candies. Honey, Sweeteners, and Candies. Fish and Fish Products. Fish and Fish Products. Environmental Samples Environmental Samples Soil Samples. Soil Samples. Drinking Water, Ground Water, Surface Water Samples. Drinking Water, Ground Water, Surface Water Samples. Emissions of Cement Factories Stacks. Emissions of Cement Factories Stacks.

34 34QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Lab Premises & Facilities

35 35QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla LAB AREA & FACILITIES The general part of the analyses, researches and expert works are done in modern equipped laboratories furnished with up-to- date analytical equipment. The general part of the analyses, researches and expert works are done in modern equipped laboratories furnished with up-to- date analytical equipment. Working area: labs are distributed in: Working area: labs are distributed in: Main building (2 floors, 450m 2 /floor) Main building (2 floors, 450m 2 /floor) Administration building (3 floors, 350 m 2 /floor) Administration building (3 floors, 350 m 2 /floor) Extension new building ( under construction), 3 floors, 450 m 2 for each Extension new building ( under construction), 3 floors, 450 m 2 for each Lab facility was designed to ensure staff safety and health and also to keep equipment work in its favored optimal conditions. Efficient conditioning system provides the building with clean, conditioned air. Lab facility was designed to ensure staff safety and health and also to keep equipment work in its favored optimal conditions. Efficient conditioning system provides the building with clean, conditioned air.

36 36QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla COMPUTER INFRASTRUCTURE Computer Servers are located in a room with special power and temperature requirements, and an uninterrupted power supply (UPS) to keep equipment and analytical databases operational, provide software support, and assure data integrity and security. Computer Servers are located in a room with special power and temperature requirements, and an uninterrupted power supply (UPS) to keep equipment and analytical databases operational, provide software support, and assure data integrity and security. The lab has a computer network (starting with reception & ending with information center). This network is connected to the server which securely maintains the whole analytical results since 1995 (Lab Information Center). The lab has a computer network (starting with reception & ending with information center). This network is connected to the server which securely maintains the whole analytical results since 1995 (Lab Information Center). DATA MANAGEMENT SYSTEM QCAP information system features: Local area network (LAN) augmented with Wide area network (WAN), Local area network (LAN) augmented with Wide area network (WAN), Wide range of facilities for electronic transfer of the data via Internet. Wide range of facilities for electronic transfer of the data via Internet.

37 37QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Accreditation & Technical Scope

38 38QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Accreditation Certificate In 1996 the laboratory has been awarded the International Accreditation certificate in its field of analysis by the Finnish branch (FINAS) of the European Accreditation Centre for Laboratories (EAL) on basis on ISO/IEC Guide 25 which was renewed in In 1996 the laboratory has been awarded the International Accreditation certificate in its field of analysis by the Finnish branch (FINAS) of the European Accreditation Centre for Laboratories (EAL) on basis on ISO/IEC Guide 25 which was renewed in In 2002 the Accreditation certificate was awarded to the laboratory according to ISO/IEC In 2002 the Accreditation certificate was awarded to the laboratory according to ISO/IEC The Certificate was again renewed as testing Laboratory No. T219 and it is valid until The Certificate was again renewed as testing Laboratory No. T219 and it is valid until Lab Accreditation

39 39QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla The laboratory is considered as the only accredited laboratory in Egypt in its domain of works. Flexible Scope As a trusted laboratory in its field of analysis, the lab has been granted the accredited Flexible Scope from FINAS in November 2008.

40 40QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Lab Techniques & Instrumentations

41 41QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla LC MS-MS [High Tech Unique Equip.] LC MS-MS [High Tech Unique Equip.] GC MSD GC MSD Gas Chromatograph Systems (FPD, FID, NPD, ECD) Gas Chromatograph Systems (FPD, FID, NPD, ECD) HPLC Systems (VWD, DAD, FLD) HPLC Systems (VWD, DAD, FLD) GC MSD (High Resolution) [High Tech Unique Equip.] GC MSD (High Resolution) [High Tech Unique Equip.] In POPs identification. GPC system GPC system (Gel Permeation Chromatograph) Two instruments

42 42QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla AAS (Flame & Graphite furnace & hydride) AAS (Flame & Graphite furnace & hydride) Digestion systems Digestion systems Microwave Digestion system. Microwave Digestion system. Acid Digestion equipment. Acid Digestion equipment. Spectrophotometer (UV/Vis.) Spectrophotometer (UV/Vis.) Weighing equipment Weighing equipment Precision and Analytical Balances Precision and Analytical Balances Evaporators System Evaporators System Rotary Evaporators Rotary Evaporators TurboVap TurboVap Sample preparation Sample preparation Grinders/ Mixers Grinders/ Mixers Analytical support equipment/appliances Analytical support equipment/appliances Freeze dryer. Freeze dryer. Accelerated solvent extractor Accelerated solvent extractor

43 43QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla QCAP Samples Facts & Statistics

44 44QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla

45 45QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla

46 46QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla

47 47QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla

48 48QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla

49 49QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Summary and Future plan

50 50QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Summary of QACP role in pesticide residues and food contaminates control Official control of imported-exported shipments Official control of imported-exported shipments Issuing accredited certificates and rejected the violated consignments Issuing accredited certificates and rejected the violated consignments Inspection at local markets, reporting or published the results Inspection at local markets, reporting or published the results Training for Training for Inspectors of AQ Inspectors of AQ Growers specially at sampling procedures Growers specially at sampling procedures

51 51QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Egyptian Exports of fresh products (2002 – 2008)

52 52QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Future Plan Future Plan Expand the scope and the number of analyzed chemicals by developing and renovating new reliable methods of analyses. Expand the scope and the number of analyzed chemicals by developing and renovating new reliable methods of analyses. focusing on food safety to improve Egyptian people health, increasing the Egyptian food export competitiveness and to assure the compliance with national and international food safety standards. focusing on food safety to improve Egyptian people health, increasing the Egyptian food export competitiveness and to assure the compliance with national and international food safety standards.

53 53QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla Summary of QCAP Lab Role Safe Food…Healthy People Analytical Methods Egyptian Consumers & Egypt Economy QCAP Lab Customer s Government / Policy Makers Professional Researches

54 54QCAP Lab - Dr. Sohair Gadalla


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