Presentation on theme: "THRIPS MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN FRENCH BEAN PRODUCTION AND EFFICACY OF INTEGRATED PESTICIDE APPLICATION REGIEMES IN EMBU EAST Benard Ouma Ogala-University."— Presentation transcript:
THRIPS MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN FRENCH BEAN PRODUCTION AND EFFICACY OF INTEGRATED PESTICIDE APPLICATION REGIEMES IN EMBU EAST Benard Ouma Ogala-University of Nairobi Supervisors Dr. James Muthomi -University of Nairobi Prof. John Nderitu-Mount Kenya University Dr.Faith Torotich -University of Nairobi
1.Introduction 1.Inputs-Not affordable 2.EU regulation-Barriers to trade MRL-10% sample per consignment 150000-200000 Ksh per shipment 3. Private standards e.g. Global GAP: Smallholder farmers have problems in meeting the costs
2. Objectives Broad To develop an integrated thrips management regime suitable for small scale growers. Specific To determine pest management strategies used by small scale French bean farmers in Embu To evaluate the efficacy of integrating biological, synthetic and botanical pesticides in management of thrips.
3. Determination of current pest control practices 3.1Sampling procedure Sample size-70 farmers Multistage sampling technique Farmers randomly selected from the list of French bean farmers Structured questionnaire 3.2Data collected Challenges to French beans production Farmers knowledge of pests and their management practices. French bean varieties grown, harvesting and post harvest Marketing channels and certification status of farmers
3.3: Results Figure 3.1: Constraints to French beans production
Figure 3.2:Important pest as perceived by farmers
Table 3.1:Record keeping and storage of pesticides Percent farmers Record kepingMwea eastEmbu east Storage of pesticides Mwea eastEmbu east Production47.418.8House2921.8 Spray28.921.9Separate store65.850 Sales60.540.6Central store2.621.8 PHI21.134.4Left in the field2.66.4
Table 3.2:Marketing, marketing channels and certification status of farmers in Embu East district ActivityMeasureMwea eastEmbu east Marketing chanelBrokers63.228.1 Exporters/processors36.871.9 Point of saleSold at home60.56.3 Exporters13.23.1 Central collection point18.490.6 Transported to brokers7.90 Distance to collection point(Kilometers) 118.425 210.517.9 3 and more10.657.1 Implementation of market standards Yes23.79.4 Type of standardGlobal GAP23.79.4 Plans for certificationYes15.83.1 Certified03.1
4. Effects of integrating biological, synthetic and botanical pesticides on pod quality and yield of French beans 4.1Design-RCBD, 4 replicates 4.2 Treatments chemical plus biological pesticides - at 50% flowerinng, 8 days later, 16 days chemical plus botanical pesticides - at 50% flowerinng, 8 days later, 16 days conventional pesticide - at 50% flowerinng, 8 days later, 16 days botanical plus biological - at 50% flowerinng, 8 days later, 16 days Biological pesticide - at 50% flowerinng, 8 days later, 16 days Control plots - no pesticide application. 4.3 Data collected Growth parameters Thrips population Pod quality Pod yield
Table 4.3:Effects of pesticide spray regiemes on pod quality of French beans Marketable Season 1Season 2 TreatmentMEAN Chemical+Biological 7.6c5.8c Chemical+Botanical 7.1c6.0c Conventional 8.4d6.6d Botanical+Biological 6.4b5.2b Biological 6.1b5.2b Control 4.7a3.91a LSD 1.6 Cv% 16.820.6
Table 4.4:Effect of different pesticide spray regimes on yield of French Season 1Season 2 FineExtra fineRejectsFineExtra fineRejects TreatmentMEAN Chemical+Bio logical 225.7c 1020b323.0ab 0 1663.0c285.2abc Chemical+Bot anical 174.8bc 790.3b393.8bc 0 1859cd281.1.6ab Conventional 199c 1347d269.5a 0 2066.0d245.6a Botanical+Bio logical 180bc 636ab469.4cd 0 1295.0b353.0bc Biological 131.1ab 609a514.2de 0 1129.0b386.0c Control 106.9a 541a588.2e 0 774.0a611.8d LSD 178.6 481.1177.8 0 825.0302.9 Cv% 13.8 42.248.7 0 40.360.2
Plan to conclusion FEBMARAPRMAYJUNJULAUGSEPOCT Compile first 3 chapters of thesis Data interpretation write results Compile and complete thesis Thesis submission Graduation
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