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Surveying Frequency Planning and Pragmatic Development Strategy of Wideband/ Broadband Wireless in China Prof. Chen Ruming Vice Chairman of MII Comm. Science.

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Presentation on theme: "Surveying Frequency Planning and Pragmatic Development Strategy of Wideband/ Broadband Wireless in China Prof. Chen Ruming Vice Chairman of MII Comm. Science."— Presentation transcript:

1 Surveying Frequency Planning and Pragmatic Development Strategy of Wideband/ Broadband Wireless in China Prof. Chen Ruming Vice Chairman of MII Comm. Science & Technology Commission and Former Deputy Director General Radio Regulatory Department (State Radio Office of China ) Ministry of Information Industry, China Bei Li Shi Road No.80, Beijing, , China Tel : Fax : GOV.CN http : / Broadband Wireless Summit Int’l 2004 June 2004, Beijing, China CRM/3G’2004/PP/1-

2 中国宽带无线频率规划 及务实发展策略展望 陈如明 教授 Vice Chairman of MII Comm. Science & Technology Commission and Former Deputy Director General Radio Regulatory Department (State Radio Office of China ) Ministry of Information Industry, China Bei Li Shi Road No.80, Beijing, , China Tel : Fax : GOV.CN http : / Broadband Wireless Summit Int’l 2004 June 2004, Beijing, China CRM/3G’2004/PP/1-

3 Surveying Frequency Planning and Pragmatic Development Strategy of Broadband Wireless in China Contents 1. Introduction 2. Market Perspective of Broadband Wireless 3. Frequency Planning of Broadband Wireless 4. Development Strategy Considerations of for Broadband Wireless Towards NGN 5. Concluding Remarks CRM/3G’2004/PP/2-

4 1. Introduction A. Electro-magnetic spectrum, Radio and Wireless, as well as NB,WB and BB Wireless * Historical background *f <= 3000GHz, Radio, -1,0,1,…12, total 14 sub-bands *f > 3000GHz , Light and Particle Spectrum, Wireless, such as FSO, Blue -light Comm. Neutrino Comm., etc., NB vs. WB and BB Wireless B. NGN vs. NGBW *NGN issues new development of ITU-T, SG-13 in 2004, Definition and the main Architecture Framework, ~ new IP based all IP NGBW should be developed homogeneously C. 3G, 3G Standardization vs.3G and BB Wireless Evolution * Access and applications layers of NGN should be the Wireless World from the Global Multimedia PCS viewpoint through WBAN, WPAN, WLAN, WMAN, WWAN, IEEE 802.xy, fixed/stationary, trans- portable, semi-mobile or nomadic, mobile; FDD, TDD, ( CDD ). * 3G definition, 3G standardization work and IEEE 802.x y work, 3G vs. 3G Evolution and BW wireless towards NGN CRM/3G’2003/PP/3-

5 1. Introduction (cont.) D. Important progress of China’s BB Wireless in 2003 * Mobile communication important milestone of mtp users M > ftp users M in Oct * Broadband wireless access 3.5GHz band MMDS freq.allot bidding and LMDS commercial testing * WLAN hotspots spreading of O/P -WLAN and China’s WAPI 2. Market Perspective of Broadband Wireless * Main 3G service types Real-time voice, video type and inform., contents type. Voice ( simple voice, and rich voice including video picture, photo, file, fax and data), video including streaming media and video interactive multimedia. The later type including : INTERNET/INTRANET/EXTRANET access, and personal mobility services including infotainment supported by mobile portal, as well as multimedia messaging and LBS, etc. * The data from UMTS reports #17~#19 showing that 3G revenue about 1000 B Euro in 10 years since the operating; up to G global revenue about 320 B $, and in APR about 118 B $ CRM/3G’2004/PP/4-

6 2. Market Perspective of Broadband Wireless (cont.) * Some China’s prediction data showing that 3G operation revenue about 1000 B RMB in 6years since the operating, system equipment revenue about 590 B RMB and terminal revenue about 400 B Therefore, considering China’s mobile market size near about 1/5~1/8 of global size, and the 3G Evolution market size more than the pure 3G market size, also put the manufacturing, operation and value added service together, obviously, the China’s 3G Evolution market size will be hopeful up to several 1000 B RMB to B RMB or beyond * T he market size of 3.5GHz MMDS after 3 time bidding would be near about 10~15 b RMB, plus LMDS the BFWA market size would be several 10 B RMB * For the WLAN market, some prediction data shown that the average annu. growth rate would be about 30% global based next 5 ears ;and the Asia region is the next wave hot region of WLAN growth, the growth rate from 2004 to 2005 would be about 50%. Up to 2006, the WLAN global market size would be about 260M US$ ; the numbers of WLAN hot spots managed by China’s big operators is more than about 1000 in CRM/3G’2004/PP/5-

7 3. Frequency Planning of Broadband Wireless For whole 3G and broadband wireless evolution it is much more important to have the frequency planning of an ahead of relevant spectrum resource supporting, and the network planning / implementation optimization with directly amplifying repeater supporting, etc. Frequency Planning * Complete modifications for the China‘s radio frequency allocation regulations from version 82 to new version 2000 connected to the latest version of Radio Regulation and the development of WRC- 2000, it’s the legal basis and framework of detailed frequency planning * Frequency planning for the new generation- mobile communications G Mobile FP considerations for both core band and additional band, as well as FDD ( =350MHz) and TDD (55+100= 155MHz), closely combined with the China’s real situation * The frequency planning for the new generation-wideband/ broadband wireless access main aspects, especially for the frequency planning of 2.4GHz, 3.5GHz, 5.8GHz and 26GHz bands following the market orientation CRM/3G’2004/PP/6-

8 3. Frequency Planning of Broadband Wireless (cont.) # 3.5GHz band MMDS F P and 3 times bidding procedures % For 5 GHz band, 5250~5350 MHz, additional 100 MHz FWA frequency allocation planned in ITU 3rd region from WRC-2003, in Geneva * For WLAN, the basic frequency planning in China is in 2.4 and 5.8 GHz bands, the following planning would be in 5GHz band referring to the WRC-2003 R(W)LAN planning development with 455MHz BW in 5 GHz band as mentioned above. Some detailed frequency planning results and considerations for BB wireless are as follows----- A. For mobile communications of 3G evolution a. Frequency planning considerations for the IMT-2000 core frequency band First actively cleaning the FDD band MHz/ MHz band as mentioned above ; MHz for IMT-2000 TDD testing ; also at proper time to transit the band MHz as 3G TDD applications ; MHz / MHz band for IMT-2000 MSS applications CRM/3G’2004/PP/7-

9 3. Frequency Planning of Broadband Wireless (cont.) Frequency planning considerations for the broadband WA mobile -support using HAPS. Doing the technical testing, in principle to support the ITU-R conclusions, it can use the bands, such as MHz, MHz and MHz for IMT-2000in high altitude base-station applications for supporting the 3G evolution. b. Frequency planning considerations for the IMT-2000 additional frequency bands Prediction data showing that China would need about 210 MHz 3G additional bandwidth. We will follow WRC-2000 conclusions to use total 4 frequency blocks additional for IMT-2000 applications, i.e., MHz, MHz, MHz and MHz, plus the possible HAPS application bands for 3G and or 3G + /4G terrestrial services; 5 additional frequency blocks MHz, MHz, MHz, MHz and MHz for IMT-2000 MSS, attached the further coordination with other services, including RDSS. CRM/3G’2004/PP/8-

10 3. Frequency Planning of Broadband Wireless The China’s 3G basic frequency planning result for both FDD and TDD complementary, reasonable and healthy development in the core band, its neighbouring band and the partial additional bands =155MHz for TDD, =180 MHz plus 170 MHz of 800/900/ 1800MHz 2G/2.5G naturally evolution band, total 350 MHz for FDD. For the detailed information please see the Doc. 信部无[200 2 ] 479 c. Frequency planning considerations for the band MHz of IMT-2000 evolution possibility and further forward evolution 3G + /4G bands <6-8GHz for future 3G + /4G applications Look attentively at the MHz band for the new development of the IMT-2000 service interest and the bands <6~8 GHz for the possible 3G+/4G application, for which it would be need about totally 1.5-2GHz bandwidth with very nice mobile operation propagation condition ; d. Frequency planning considerations for new generation-mobile communications at the high frequency bands Except the bands 5.3, 5.8, 10-16GHz, important high frequency bands for MBS would be , , and GHz, etc. CRM/3G’2004/PP/9-

11 3. Frequency Planning of Broadband Wireless (cont.) Typical General UMTS GRAN/BRAN ACTS MBS projects such as MWAND, AWACS,SAMBA and MEDIA, at bit rate STM-1 155Mbit/s or more with mobile coverage about several 10 to 200 m # For 5 GHz band (5150~5250, 5250~5350, 5470~5725 MHz ), total 455MHz R(W)LAN additional frequency allocation from WRC-2003 Following ITU-T/R and 3GPPx, as well as IEEE 802.xy, including x/21x, doing the frequency planning every effort for the 3G evolution 2.5G+ /3G / 3G+ / 4G……. B. For FWA a. TDD and FDD for 400MHz and 450MHz band bands b. TDD for 1800MHz band c. TDD for 1900~1920 MHz band d. 1880~1900/1960~1980MHz band FDD FWA processing for 3G e. TDD 2.4 and 5.8 ISM bands f. FDD 3.5GHz band MMDS type FWA, 3 times bidding for freq. allot. g. FDD ~ GHz / ~ GHz band LMDS h. Bluetooth/Pico-cell FWA i. HAPS(STS 、 SCS ) FWA k. Unlicensed FWA CRM/3G’2004/PP/10-

12 3. Frequency Planning of Broadband Wireless (cont.) C. For WLAN *2.4 GHz and 5.8GHz band planned and future planning in 5GHz Importance of the Frequency Planning and Network Optimization for Maximum usage of 2G/2.5 G and 3G Evolution towards NGN # Network Planning / Implementation Optimization * For fully using 2G/2.5G and 3G evolution with high spectrum utilization efficiency, the network planning/ implementation optimization is more and more important continuously, supported by the excellent cost/ performance RF modules and components, including MHA(Mast Head Amplifier ), MHB (MH Booster), BBA (Base-station Booster Amplifier), WBA( Wide Band Combiner), DVGA ( Dual Duplexer Filter with LNA ) , SSA (Shaped Sector-Antenna ) … etc. * The network optimization work would be more and more complex and difficult for some new networks with new system architecture and smaller and smaller cell structure, such as GSM/GPRS, CDMA, PHS /PAS/PCS, W CDMA/ cdma 2000, MBS, etc. % From optimization architecture viewpoints it would be better to develop the distributed intelligent base-station system / network architecture with technology innovation CRM/3G’2004/PP/11-

13 4. Development Strategy Considerations of for Broadband Wireless Towards NGN A. Market driven orientation and technology driven supporting, as well as “ Killer –x” issues # Innovation and Wireless New Technologies and New Services *Multi -dimensional signal processing,, EMC analysis and frequency sharing in time, frequency, space, signal, network, as well as in displaying domains, including MIMO processing; *The flexible and scalable spectrum resource management in using intelligent agent for the IP based multimode broadband wireless operation environment with seamless and organic integration of mobile, fixed terrestrial and satellite together; *Advanced antenna beam shaping, spot beam and cell structure, adaptive/smart antenna for both TDD and FDD, and software ( defined ) radio especially for the ground segment, which are the essential approach of rapidly increasing the power/ spectrum efficiency and cost –effective system with configuration flexible changing ; *Modern code / modulation technologies, including <2.4bkbit/s good vocoder, MPEG4~7 and MPEG21 -video compression and management technologies, as well as Turbo code, UEP code, CRM/3G’2004/PP/12-

14 4. Development Strategy Considerations of for Broadband Wireless Towards NGN (cont.) LDPC code, QAM/ (x)–OFDM-(y) (C-OFDM, W-OFDM,V-OFDM, MIMO-OFDM,F-OFDM, OFDMA, etc.), MIMO-STC, VMSK/ V(M)WDM and various parallel and/or serial concatenated coding / coded modulation *Satellite Artificial Neural Network technology, adaptive signal processing and statistical detection, including multi-user joint detection, non-linearity adaptively learning and equalizing. *Multi-level universal platform for multimedia integrated service operation, including multi-level BFWA and multi-level LEO/MEO /GEO satellite constellations and multi-satellite co-location and virtual satellite system concept applications ; *Streaming media technology, including caching, variable bandwidth dynamically managing resources and networks, as well as the satellite CDN platform technology, combined with “Push” and “Pull” technologies for solving the IP based network - high speed on line multimedia transport continuously ; *Softswitch, it could fast provide compatible new services, cover the new fields, create the new financial profit increasing point ; CRM/3G’2004/PP/13-

15 4. Development Strategy Considerations of for Broadband Wireless Towards NGN (cont.) *The study and development of new application protocol and algorithm based on IP and/or all IP platform and global personal communication operation * IAB RFC 1072 “Long-Fat Pipe” and Throughput, IETF RFCs. 1323,2018, 2001 &2518, etc. * TCP/IP improvement for adapting satellite environment of increasing the transport throughput, like TCP/IP protocol extension improvement of framing - configuration, selective ARQ, delayed acks. after slow start, selective ack. and forward ack., ack. congestion control, window side design, TCP header compression, ack. suppression and compaction, as well as TCP/IP protocol transformation with gateway, like using spoofing technology ; * Dynamically adaptive resources distribution, including a serious adaptive QoS control technologies ; * “Tunnel in Sky” technology for solving the dynamic transponder allocation and dynamic transmission speed control, optimum routing selection for IP over satellite ; CRM/3G’2004/PP/14-

16 4. Development Strategy Considerations of for Broadband Wireless Towards NGN (cont.) * also the integrated wireless application protocols and wireless connection technologies, such as WAP, i-Mode c_HTML/x-HTML,SIP, API, Bluetooth /WPAN / WLAN and Pico-WLAN applications ; * DVB-IP platform and security control Conditional Access technologies, digital watermarking for complementing cryptography by embedding imperceptible signal in the video-multimedia streaming as a strong counter-measure of IPR protection against the illegal coping after the decryption *High frequency bands new components and system technologies form X band to Ku/Ka,pure Ka, EHF (V/Q/W) bands, etc. *Xenon Ion Propulsion, high efficiency solar energy and battery technologies for increasing satellite life; *Advanced On Board Processing technologies, such as SAW channelization and low power ASIC module, high speed FFT channelizing, routing and antenna beam-forming, / Butler matrix amplifying and RF power on demand dynamic distribution, as well as the 3 rd layer broadband IP switching ; CRM/3G’2004/PP/15-

17 4. Development Strategy Considerations of for Broadband Wireless Towards NGN (cont.) * Inter-satellite link using space optical technology, including optical TX/ Rx, MODEM (IM-DD, CPPM, DPSK,DCPSK, CPSK, CPM, CQAM, etc.), Pilot, Filtering, as well as, WDM, ISL Ring networking and SO-CDMA technologies *Advanced RNSS technologies * Megabird and Nanosat * Middleware * and NGOSS/NGBSS for 3G and BB wireless Evolution towards Following the NGN development, the technologies of wire and wireless are more and more to be convergence ! B. 3G and 3G evolution pragmatic development strategy a. Basic principle and guideline b. IPR issue and other preparations such as licenses, frequency compensation, time schedule, business model with profit c. TDD and FDD relationship CRM/3G’2004/PP/16-

18 4. Development Strategy Considerations of for Broadband Wireless Towards NGN (cont.) d. Scientific decision making for starting the 3G f. detailed dividing of the 3G and 3G evolution market e. actively innovating in all direction C. BFWA Pragmatic Development Strategy a. The works of 3.5GHz band after obtained the frequency resources b. The multi level architecture operation c. The new technology innovation and networking and equipment inter-working d. Scientific decision –making and pragmatic development shown from the 3 times bidding results e. Processing the Industry - chain and All -win relationship well D. WLAN Pragmatic Development Strategy a. New standard implementation issue of WAPI b. Steady, orderly and health development of O/P-WLAN c. The united optimal working of WLAN combined with x DSL, GPRS and cdma x, as well as 3G and 3G evolution,etc. CRM/3G’2004/PP/17-

19 4. Development Strategy Considerations of for Broadband Wireless Towards NGN (cont.) E. Wi-Fi, WiMAX ( Wider –Fi), MBWA( Mobile –Fi) vs. 3G and 3G Evolution, and F. “Eco Industry –x” issues, such as Industry chain---Eco-chain --- Eco - cycle ---Eco- system,….. etc. ; G. “ Killer –x” issues and All Direction Innovations ( on technologies, services, applications, contents, integration, market, sales, as well as business model and “all win” cooperation strategy, etc.) and due continuous development ; H. So called x-Law issues ( Moore, Metcalfe, Matthews, S-Moore – Laws), the essential connotation of the Moore’s Law ; I. 3G and 3G Evolution issues G or 2G/2.5G+4G or 2G/2.5G xy, … etc. CRM/3G’2004/PP/18-

20 5. Concluding Remarks A. Broadband wireless with very attractive market perspective, but we should work in active, steady, scientific and pragmatic attitude ; B. To treat the relationships of market driven and technology driven, “ Killer –x” issues and All Direction Innovations, as well as “Eco Industry –x” issues and all –win co-operations principle, etc. well ; C. Correctly understand and treat Wi-Fi, WiMAX ( Wider –Fi), MBWA ( Mobile –Fi) vs. 3G and 3G Evolution towards NGN CRM/3G’2004/PP/19-

21 Thank You for Your Attention ! CRM/3G’2004/PP/20-

22 [作者简介] 陈如明教授,信息产业部通信科技委副主任及无线电管理局原副 局长。主任高级工程师,浙大、清华、北大等大学兼职教授 ; 中 国通信学会及中国电子学会会士 ( Fellow ) ,我国无线电频率规划 专家咨询委员会主任,国内外一些知名技术杂志编委, 国内一些知 名协会、学会副会长及常务理事。曾为邮电部第四研究所及国家 无委办总工、美国斯坦福( Stanford )大学高级研究学者及国际 通信卫星组织( INTELSAT )中国董事。主持和参加过多种科研 项目,获国家及部级多项一至三等国家级、部级科技攻关、科技 进步奖及两委一部表彰奖等多种奖励, 1991 年获国家科学研究突 出贡献特殊津贴 ; 已发表涉及数字微波、卫星通信,移动通信、 个人通信,信号设计、自适应信号处理与统计检测、编码调制, 干扰分析协调与频率规划、频谱管理等研究领域的中英文论文 150 余篇及包括全国高技术重点图书在内的专著 4 本。 1998 年己为 美国国际名人评选组织 ( International Who ’ s Who of Professionals ) 及世界文化艺术研究中心 ( World Cultural and Arts Research Center ) 分别评选为世界名人 ( International Who ’ s Who ) 及全球名人 ( World VIP ) 北京北礼士路 80 号信息产业部无线电管理局, *

23 Author Profile Professor Chen Ruming is the Vice Chairman of MII Communications Science& Technology Commission and the former Deputy Director Genera1 of Radio Regulatory Department of MII, Principal Senior (first tier Professor-level) Engineer, part-time Professor at Zhejiang University, Tsinghua University, Peking University, Fe11ow at China Institute of Communications and China Institute of Electronics, editorial committee member of some famous journa1s home and abroad, Chairman of China Radio Frequency Planning Expert Advisory committee, executive director of some famous institutes or societies, former Chief Engineer of the Fourth Research Institute of the former MPT and former State Radio Regulatory Commission, Senior Research Scho1ar at Stanford University in USA, and China Governor to INTELSAT. The author has won many first to third prizes of science at State and Ministerial levels,and enjoyed the special State- whole life allowance since 1991 with his outstanding R & D contribution. His specia1ties cover digital microwave radio, satellite communications, mobile communications, persona1 communications, signal design, adaptive signa1 processing and statistica1 detection, coding and coded modulation, interference analysis coordination and frequency p1anning, spectrum management. He has authored more than 150 papers in Eng1ish and Chinese and four professiona1 books, inc1uding the nationa1 key high-tech books. He has been selected as the International Who ’ s Who and World VIP in 1998 by both International Who ’ s Who of Professionals, and World Cultural and Arts Research Centre, respectively due to his achievements merit. Radio Regulatory Dept., MII, Bai Li Shi Road, No.80,100037,Beijing,China // *

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