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Natural Disasters By: Patrick L. Abbott
Chapter 7 Volcanism and Plate Tectonics
Overview zPlate-Tectonic Setting of Volcanoes zVolcanism at Spreading Centers zVolcanism at Subduction Zones zKiller Events and Processes at Subduction- Zone Volcanoes zHot Spots
Overview (cont.) zVolcanism at Continental Hot Spots zGigantic Intraplate Volcanic Eruptions zVolcano Monitoring and Warning
Plate-Tectonic Setting of Volcanoes zLocations zActivity
Volcanism at Spreading Centers zIceland yFissure Eruption of 1783 yJokulhlaup of 1996 zKiller Lakes of Cameroon, Africa yFailed rifts
Volcanism at Subduction Zones zCascade Range, Pacific Northwest yMount St. Helens, Washington, 1980 yLassen Peak, California, 1914-17 yMount Shasta, California yMount Rainier, Washington
Killer Events and Processes at Subduction-Zone Volcanoes zPyroclastic Flows yMount Mayan, Philippines, 1968 yMount Unzen, Japan, 1991 yMont Pelee, 1902-1903, 1929-1932 yMont Pelee, Martinique, 1902 zLahars yNevado Del Ruiz, Columbia, 1985
Hot Spots zVolcanism at Oceanic Hot spots yHawaii yKiller Event of 1790
Volcanism at Continental Hot Spots zYellowstone National Park yEruptive Sequence xResurgent domes
Gigantic Intraplate Volcanic Eruptions zLong Valley, California yCharacteristics yHistory
Volcano Monitoring and Warning zSigns zProgram zBenefits
Natural Disasters By: Patrick L. Abbott. Chapter 5 More United States and Canadian Earthquakes.
Plate Boundary Volcanism Reference: Tarbuck and Lutgens Pages Volcanoes are associated with two of the three types of plate boundaries, these.
Plate Tectonics Plate tectonics theory explains the global distribution of mountains, earthquakes, volcanoes, ocean basins and rift valleys on the surface.
Copyright © 2014 All rights reserved, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Earth Systems 3209 Unit: 4 The Forces Within Earth Reference: Chapters 4,
Volcanoes Magma vs. Lava Magma Liquid rock that forms under Earth’s surface! Lava When magma erupts on Earth’s surface!
Theory of plate tectonics. Continental drift hypothesis Before the theory of plate tectonics in the 1960’s, there was Alfred Wegener’s hypothesis of continental.
Mt. Unzen, Japan, 1991 Dormant for 200 years Woke up in 1990; erupted into 1992 Lots of pyroclastics Killed the Krafts and Harry Glicken, a survivor of.
Volcanoes Earth and Space Science. How many are there? About 60 of the ~550 known active volcanoes erupt each year There are many more volcanoes underwater.
CO: VOLCANOES LO: Describe the types of volcanoes, which type of plate boundaries create volcanoes and why volcanoes occur there.
Chp 18.3 Notes TYPES OF VOLCANOES & WHERE THEY OCCUR Main Idea 1: Not all volcanoes are built the same. A volcano’s shape is determined largely by: 1.
VOLCANISM Mount St. Helens, 1980 eruption. Where are volcanoes located?
AIM: Where are most volcanoes found and how do hot spots form? OBJ: Given notes and activity sheet SWBAT explain where most volcanoes are found and how.
The Ring of Fire consists of chains of active volcanoes around the Pacific. What type of plate boundary are these volcanoes adjacent to? 1.Transform 2.Convergent.
Volcano Webquest WOW!. Name: ________________________________ Date: ________________ Go to
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics Chapter 6 Section 1.
Active Earth. Plate Tectonics Types of Faults Type answer here Major Geological Events Caused by Moving Plates Other Interesting Facts Some Names Of Earth’s.
Earth’s Plate Boundaries Tectonic cycle: Involves creation and destruction of the solid outer layer of Earth, the lithosphere # of Plates? Active Areas?
3 GEOLOGICAL FEATURES Mara Sprang. The Hawaiian Islands were formed by volcanic activity from an undersea magma source called a hotspot. As the tectonic.
Plate Tectonics Causes of Plate Tectonics Plate Boundaries.
5.1 Volcanoes. volcano - a mountain that forms in Earth’s crust when molten material, or magma, reaches the surface volcano - a mountain that forms.
Plate Tectonics - Part C - Volcanoes and Plate tectonics -Use your table of contents to find Chapter 15 Section 1 -Flip through the section looking at.
Lecture 8: Volcanoes and Volcanic Hazards Our Hazardous Environment GEOG 1110 Dr. Thieme.
Factors that Cause Tectonic Plate Movement. 1. Gravity Earth’s gravitational force is always pulling objects toward the center of the earth, even the.
Tectonic Plate Boundaries. Plate Boundaries - where the edge of two plates meet. 3 Plate Boundaries and 1 other 1. Divergent - occurs where plates move.
Could it happen in your neighborhood? Volcano Three Easy Ways to Form a Volcano (if you are Vulcan, Roman god of fire) 1) Subduction Zone volcanoes:
Tectonics Day 5 Notes Academic. 3 Types of Plate Boundaries =Place where 2 plates meet All 3 types have Earth quakes Plate Boundaries Divergent=plates.
Volcanoes: eruptive style and associated landforms.
Mt. St. Helens, Washington. Plug Cascades Bomb Aerodynamically shaped.
Types of plate boundaries Divergent boundary Where two plates move apart from each other Convergent boundary Where plates push into each other Transform.
Cuernos Del Paine, Andes Mountains Gabriel Callaghan.
High Cascades Modern Volcanoes of the Pacific NW Mt. St. Helens, July 27, 2005.
Chapter 7 Sections 1 & 2. Volcanoes & Plate Tectonics (Sect 1) Volcano – a weak spot in the earth’s crust where magma comes to the surface There are.
Types of Plate Boundaries (finish Chapter 4) Hot Spots – more evidence for plate tectonics Divergent, Convergent and Transform plate boundaries - some.
Global Volcanoes Scripps Classroom Connection.
Volcanoes. Volcanoes are classified in one of three ways.
I will be able to: Demonstrate my knowledge of Energy Transfer and Plate Tectonics. I will be able to: Demonstrate my knowledge of Energy Transfer and.
Volcanoes can form at any point where the crust is weak. They mostly form along boundaries of Earth’s plates because that is where the rocks tend to be.
Chapter 3 – Volcanoes. Volcanic belts from along the boundaries of Earth’s plates. There are 600 active volcanoes on land and many more beneath the.
Volcanoes: The Fire Within Chapter 9: Volcanoes. What is a Volcano? A vent that lets out heat from inside the Earth, spewing out lava and eventually forming.
Theory of Plate Tectonics. Theory of Continental Drift The Theory of Plate Tectonics starts with another idea… Continental Drift. The Earth once had a.
Boundary Notes EQ #1 What happens along plate boundaries?
Plate Tectonics. Plate tectonics describes the motion of Earth’s plates. Movement of plates can cause earthquakes!
Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics (part 2) “an opening in the Earth’s crust through which an eruption takes place”
Understanding Earth Sixth Edition Chapter 12: VOLCANOES © 2011 by W. H. Freeman and Company Grotzinger Jordan.
Volcanoes Vocabulary that you are accountable for is underlined! Eruption in Indonesia 1/8/2014.
Types of plate boundaries Divergent plate boundary Oceanic spreading ridge Continental Rift zone New rock produced Convergent plate boundary Oceanic-oceanic.
Landforms (Relief Features) associated with plate boundaries
Volcanism The study of volcanoes and their activities.
Topic 12 continued: Tectonic Plates There are three (3) types of plate boundaries: 1) divergent plate boundary – where two plates separate or diverge.
Tectonic Plate Boundaries. There are 3 type of Plate Boundaries 1.Convergent (Subduction) 2.Divergent 3.Transform Plate Movement Animation.
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