Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3- Settling the Northern Colonies,"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 3- Settling the Northern Colonies, 1619-1700 AP US HISTORYChapter 3- Settling the Northern Colonies,
2TYPES OF ENGLISH COLONIES CorporateVirginia started as one (Virginia Company)RoyalVirginia became one after the Virginia Company lost their charter in 1625ProprietaryExamples include:Pennsylvania (the king repaid a debt to William Penn)Maryland (given by the king to George Calvert)
3Puritanism Wanted to purify the Church of England Characterized by The “elect”PredestinationAnti-Catholicism
4SEPARATISTSPuritans who believed only “visible saints” [those who could demonstrate in front of their fellow Puritans their elect status] should be admitted to church membership.Because the Church of England enrolled all the king’s subjects, Separatists felt they had to share churches with the “damned.”Therefore, they believed in a total break from the Church of England.
5Founders of massachuSsets In Englishmen in Holland (half of them Separatists) negotiated with the Virginia Company for permission to settle on their landsWinds pushed them north out of the Company’s territoryLanded in 1620 at Plymouth RockDrew up the _____ _____ to help govern their colony.(Mayflower Compact)Colony growth was small; Plymouth was annexed later by MA
6Massachusetts bay colony Established by Puritans led by John Winthrop in 1630Colony dominated by very conservative religious beliefs and practices“Town meetings” took place for self-government in town meeting house (church)Family-centered organization, long life spans
7PURITAN THEOLOGY “Covenant of Grace”: “Social Covenant”: between Puritan communities and God.“Social Covenant”:Between members of Puritan communities with each other.Required mutual watchfulness.No toleration of deviance or disorder.No privacy.
8Dominance of Religion- MA Quakerism was illegal in MA; Mary Dyer was hanged for defying the ban after 4 arrestsChurch membership and attendance were mandatory; services lasted the majority of the day on SundaySingle people were especially watched.
9The great migration In 1630 alone, 17 ships sailed for MA From , 200 ships carried approx. 21,200 colonists to MASource for shipping data: Burk, Kathleen. Old World, New World. Atlantic Monthly Press, New York, NY, 2008, p. 50Source for image: Accessed August 19, 2008.
12Challenges to puritan authority Source for Anne Hutchinson image: The History of Cambridge 3. Years of Thomas Shepard Online. Accessed August 19, 2008.
13Other new england colonies Rhode IslandMA offshoot; Roger Williams est. Baptist church in 1638 in ProvidenceConnecticutMost settlers English or Dutch.Fundamental Orders of CT drawn in 1639 establishing form of democratic rule.
14Other new england colonies MainePart of MBC until 1820New HampshirePart of MBC from until separated by the king.
15relations with the native tribes Varied with colonies“Praying towns”Pequot War( in MA)King Philip’s War ( in much of New England)Source for Image: Accessed August 19, 2008.
16Early efforts to unite New England Confederation Established by the colonists of MBC, Plymouth, Connecticut, and New Haven,Dominion of New EnglandEstablished by the Crown,
18The first two “middle colonies” New Netherlands (New York)New Sweden (Delaware)Image Source: Accessed August 19, 2008.
19pennsylvania 29M acres granted by Charles II to William Penn Haven for QuakersAlso welcomed other faiths, including JewsDecent relationship with Native AmericansImage Source:
20New jersey King gave land to his brother. Brother gave land to his friends.Friends tried to make a few bucks.People immigrated from New England, but bought land from the Native Americans.
21Middle colonies summary “Bread colonies”Networked by riversLumber and shipbuilding industriesModerate land ownership sizes (except NY)More variety of ethnicitiesMore religious tolerationLand easier to acquire (except NY)