Presentation on theme: "Pennsylvania Becomes A Multicultural Haven Chapter 3 Lesson 8 – Foundation for Religious Freedom Lesson 9 – Multicultural Haven Lesson 10 – Multicultural."— Presentation transcript:
Pennsylvania Becomes A Multicultural Haven Chapter 3 Lesson 8 – Foundation for Religious Freedom Lesson 9 – Multicultural Haven Lesson 10 – Multicultural Diversity Unit Essential Question: Why was Pennsylvania a haven for religious and ethnic groups?
Lesson 8 Lesson 8 LEQ's: Religious Freedom and Equality 1.What was the thinking underlying why the Pennsylvania colony became a multicultural haven for ethnic and religious groups from Europe? 2.How did the Protestant Reformation help in the colonization of Pennsylvania?
Age of Enlightenment – During the 1500s in the European Christian world, there was only one church, one religion. – Everyone was expected to practice Catholicism – Time where people began to think differently and try new ideas – Many people did not agree with the Catholic beliefs. Revolution – A sudden, radical, or complete change. Protestant Reformation - Protests of the Catholic Church led to splintering into new religions. Protestant religious groups were persecuted and not tolerated.
Religious groups looked for a haven (safe place) to speak freely. – Word of religious freedom in the American colonies got their attention. – Tolerance, when you respect rights, opinions, and customs of different ethnic or religious groups, was appealing. – Ethnocentrism – the beliefs that one’s ethnic groups is superior to others. Pennsylvania was founded to eliminate the beliefs of underlying ethnocentrism. William Penn thought that people of all nations and religions, along with the Native Americans, could live together peacefully in his colony.
Prejudice and Stereotyping – judging and classifying. Melting pot – all different ethnic groups have blended or melted together to form one group.
Lesson 8 LEQ's: Religious Freedom and Equality 1.What was the thinking underlying why the Pennsylvania colony became a multicultural haven for ethnic and religious groups from Europe? 2.How did the Protestant Reformation help in the colonization of Pennsylvania?
Lesson 9 Lesson 9 LEQ’s: Multicultural Haven for Ethnic and Religious Groups 1.Why did so many people from many different countries move to PA? 2.What were some of the main contributions of these groups?
E migrate – to move from your home country to a new country (EXIT) I mmigrant – once you have entered into a new country (IN) Quakers – “Their Main Beliefs” – Purpose to life is to worship god through spiritual friends and fellowship. – Started colonies first school. – Started first jail. – Believed a person should be trained in a trade or craft while in jail
Different groups that came to Pennsylvania – Ethnic Group (from) - Religious Group - When arrived – England – Quakers – 1680s – England - Shakers s – Germany - Mennonites – 1710s – Switzerland - Amish – 1720s – Germany - Moravians – 1740s – Germany - Brethrens – 1740s – Germany - Seventh Day Baptists – 1730s – Scots-Irish - Presbyterians – 1730s – African-Americans – Many religions s – Ireland - Catholics – 1700s – No homeland – Jewish s – Many homelands – indentured servants – 1680s
Pennsylvania was first state to pass a law that abolished slavery. – Law stated that all children born to slave mothers after March 1, 1780, would be free. All other slaves became free at age of 28. Emancipation Proclamation – President Lincolns announcement that all slaves were free – 82 years after Pennsylvania passed laws against it.
Famous People: – Lucretia Mott – Quaker minister, fought for the freedom of slaves. Established American Anti-Slavery Society – Underground Railroad – against federal law to help slaves escape from the South – Harriet Tubman – slave who escaped through the Underground Railroad. Returned to be a conductor to lead more that 300 slaves to freedom – Indentured servants – could not afford to travel Not slaves, but worked in exchange for travel
Lesson 9 LEQ’s: Multicultural Haven for Ethnic and Religious Groups 1.Why did so many people from many different countries move to PA? 2.What were some of the main contributions of these groups?
Lesson 10 Lesson 10 LEQ’s: Modern-Day Multicultural Diversity 1.Why does Pennsylvania still have a diverse religious population? 2.Who were some famous Pennsylvanians?
Many Pennsylvanians still believe religion is important. – Multiple different religions in Pennsylvania, Catholic, Protestant, Methodist, Lutherans, Quakers – Amish – believe that the outside world is wicked and evil, so they live apart from it. Pay taxes Not allowed access to outside world (TV, radio, computer, electricity) – no cars – Mennonites – grey colored buggies – Amish – black colored buggies