Presentation on theme: "Adult Romantic Attachment Feeney, J. A. (1999). Adult romantic attachment and couple relationships. In J. Cassidy & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment:"— Presentation transcript:
Adult Romantic Attachment Feeney, J. A. (1999). Adult romantic attachment and couple relationships. In J. Cassidy & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications (pp. 355-377). New York: Guilford Press.
Dr. Ronald J. Werner-Wilson The First Studies of Romantic Love as Attachment Theorists suggested that aspects of attachment in childhood were likely to be transferred to romantic and peer relationships: proximity maintenance and resistance to separation; presence of a secure base; safe haven associated with an attachment figure Inner working models were expected to influence relationships in later life.
Dr. Ronald J. Werner-Wilson Early Studies of Adult Romantic Attachment Conceptualizing Love and Attachment: There seems to be correspondence between romantic attachment and love style Secure romantic attachment corresponds to eros and agape. è High on intimacy, passion and commitment. è High on self-confidence, low on avoidance of intimacy, low on neurotic love. Avoidant romantic attachment corresponds to ludus. è Low on intimacy, passion and commitment. è Low on self-confidence, high on avoidance of intimacy, low on neurotic love. Ambivalent romantic attachment corresponds to mania è Low on intimacy, passion and commitment. è Low on self-confidence, low on avoidance of intimacy, high on neurotic love.
Dr. Ronald J. Werner-Wilson Early Studies of Adult Romantic Attachment (cont.) Affect Regulation with Peers and Romantic Partners Secure attachment seems to be associated with greater frequency of positive emotions and lower frequency of negative emotions than other attachment styles. After relationships end, avoidant attachment seems to be associated with the lowest distress. Ambivalent attachment seems to be associated with surprise and upset. Salience of Attachment Issues to Perceptions of Romantic Relationships Participants who talked about their relationships in unstructured interviews, spontaneously mentioned attachment issues suggesting that it is a significant part of relationships. There were differences between attachment style and description of current relationship (e.g., secure attachment was associated with descriptions of mutual support).
Dr. Ronald J. Werner-Wilson Advances in Conceptualization and Measurement From Forced Choice to Multiple-Item Measures A Four-Group Model of Adult Attachment (Figure 17.1 on p. 361)
Dr. Ronald J. Werner-Wilson Romantic Attachment Style, Working Models, and Relationship Quality Stability of Adult Attachment and Working Models Multidimensional influences. Working models are influenced by significance of experience, emotions, and cognitions. The Role of Communication: conflict resolution strategies, self-disclosure, quality of daily interactions seem to be influenced adult romantic attachment style. Effects of Partners’ Attachment Style: communication and relationship quality seem to be influenced by both personal and partner attachment style.
Dr. Ronald J. Werner-Wilson Romantic Attachment Style and Relationship Quality (cont.) Relationship Quality: Integrating Attachment, Caregiving, and Sexuality Attachment and caregiving: adult romantic attachment style seems to influence quality of support and responsiveness in intimate relationships. Attachment and sexuality: adult romantic attachment style seems to influence attitudes about sexuality (e.g., avoidant romantic attachment is associated with more accepting attitudes of casual sex). Attachment Style and Couple Relationship under Stress Stressful Environmental Conditions: emotional response and adult romantic attachment style interact in response to crises. Conditions Threatening the Attachment Relationship è Proximity (absence of partner discouragement). è Relationship conflict.