Presentation on theme: "CONSTITUTIONALISM & REPUBLICS APEH, chapter 16. Bellringer On a separate sheet of paper… Summarize how the Netherland’s gained their independence."— Presentation transcript:
ENGLAND EElizabeth died with no heir MMary Queen of Scots (Elizabeth’s cousin) was put to death for trying to overthrow Elizabeth HHer son was King of Scotland (James I) JJames I (1603-1625) FFirst Stuart to rule BBelieved firmly in DIVINE RIGHT and ABSOLUTE MONARCHY TTrouble with Parliament Country in debt, viewed as “outsider” from Scotland
Charles I AAt first he acquiesced TTaxed without permission DDismisses Parliament when they become outraged 11629-1640: Charles ruled without Parliament GGentry opposed attempts to raise taxes without parliament AAdded MORE ritual to church ceremonies- angering puritans
ENGLAND 11640: Charles I in debt thanks to rebellions in Scotland HHas to reconvene Parliament to ask for money LLong Parliament – didn’t disband for 20 years LLimitation on royal authority TTriennial Act- Parliament must meet at least once every three years
PPuritans moved to abolish the appointment of bishops in Anglican Church CCharles I led troops into House of Commons to arrest Puritan leaders for Treason AAlready escaped CCharles’ intentions shown: to take back power PParliament rises up against king CCharles I supported by people 11642: Civil War began!
English Civil War (1642-1646) RROYALISTS: nobles who supported king RROUNDHEADS: supporters of Parliament PPuritans (New Model Army) Merchants, some upper classes LLed by: OLIVER CROMWELL
ENGLAND RRoyalist Army outmatched 11646, surrender PPhase Two begins when Charles flees OOliver Cromwell dismisses all Parliament members who disagree with him ““Rump Parliament”
RRump Parliament tries Charles I for treason CCharles refuses to recognize Parliament’s authority 11649: Found guilty, Executed in front of own palace
ENGLAND RRESTORATION CCromwell dies, son weak leader PParliament reconvenes and vote to bring back monarchy 11660: Parliament invites Charles’ son to be king
Restoration & Charles II CCharles II (1660-1685) Supported religious toleration Habeas Corpus Act of 1679 “may you have body” Guarantees right to appear in court to see if accused should be held or released Charles being presented the first pineapple grown in England Columbian Exchange!
ENGLAND JJAMES II CCharles II brother HHad two protestant daughters, Mary and Anne 11688: James and second wife gave birth to a Catholic son! GGLORIOUS REVOLUTION 1688: Nobles invited James’ daughter Mary and her husband William of Orange to become King & Queen