Presentation on theme: "Objectives Synthesize the process of developing England’s Constitutional Monarchy from an Absolute Monarchy Compare the reign of Elizabeth Tudor and the."— Presentation transcript:
1ObjectivesSynthesize the process of developing England’s Constitutional Monarchy from an Absolute MonarchyCompare the reign of Elizabeth Tudor and the Divine Right Stuart monarchsJames I, Charles I, James IIAnalyze the political impact of England’s Civil Warthe rise of Oliver Cromwell, the Restoration & Charles II, and the Glorious Revolution
3Absolute to Constitutional Monarchy BackgroundAbsolute to Constitutional Monarchy( )
4Magna Carta King John I forced to accept it. A list of demands made by the nobility.limited the power of the king:Established basic legal rights.The king must ask for consent to tax.Accused must have jury trial.
5Model Parliament, 1295 King Edward I Created a parliament Of military leaders & nobilityto ask their consent to new taxesEstablished the principle “power of the purse.”A radical new idea for any monarch to ask for anything!
6The Elizabethan “Bargain” Parliament:Would have the power to tax.The Monarch:Had the royal power on foreign policy.
7QUESTIONS What limited the power of King John? What were three powers that were limited for the King?What is, “power of the purse”?Elizabeth’s bargain claimed that who had power over foreign policy and who had power to tax?
10James StuartJames I speech to the House of Commons:I am surprised that my ancestors should ever be permitted such an institution to come into existence. I am a stranger, and found it here when I arrived, so that I am obliged to put up with what I cannot get rid of!King James VI of ScotlandBecomes James I of EnglandFights with ParliamentPowermoneyPuritans
11James I: Problems Believed in Divine Right of Kings. Parliament used to Tudors sharing power w/ ParliamentArgue over $Defended the Anglican churchMany landowners became Puritans.Puritans formed the House of Commons in ParliamentNOT WISE to alienate them!
12Charles I & Parliament Son of James I Constantly at war with Spain and France.Always need $, but how to get it??Usually Parliament would give Charles $Sometimes, Parliament would deny funds.Charles dissolved Parliamentfinds funds in other ways.Forced “loans,” selling titles, putting soldiers in homes etc.
13The Petition of Rights, 1628In return for money to fund his wars, Charles I agreed:No imprisonment without cause.No taxation without Parliament’s consent.No putting soldiers in private homes.No martial law during peacetime.Charles signed it
14After Petition is signed Charles ignores itDissolves Parliament again (for 20 yrs)Needs $ for a rebellion in Scotlandcalls Parliament againpass new laws- limit king’s powerCharles tries to arrest membersUnsuccessfulHeads north to form armyLeads to ……
15QUESTIONS King James I is originally from and his name there was? What did James I do that wasn’t very WISE and why wasn’t it?What does Charles I do when Parliament doesn’t give him funds?What did Charles I have to agree to and what does it state?
16TO DO STUDY for TEST on THURSDAY!!!!!!! Read and answer the questions on the worksheet titled: “English Bill of Rights”STUDY for TEST on THURSDAY!!!!!!!
17Bell Work *you have 12 min to complete* Get a book and read Chapter 21 Section 5Only fill in the notes for:Charles IIJames IIWilliam & MaryOn the bottom of your sheet make sure you define/identify the terms.if you didn’t finish last time.You may work with 1 person on this portion.
20Playmobil Version: Eng. Civil War RoundheadsCavaliers
21Oliver Cromwell Cromwell purges the House of Commons Officer of the Roundheads armyNew Model Army.defeated royal forcesnow controlled the government.Cromwell purges the House of Commonsanyone who isn’t anti-monarchyBeheaded Charles ICreated a constitution
22Cromwell: Protector or King? Cromwell tears up the ineffective Constitution.Dismisses Parliamentrules with the military.Declares martial law.Military dictator.Religious tolerance for allexcept for Catholics.Crushes a rebellion in Scotland.Crushes a rebellion among the Catholics of Irelandkills 40% of all Irish!
23Cromwell- the end?? England longs for an end to martial law! Harsh rulePuritan so:No theatre, music, etcCromwell dies in 1658son Richard, takes over,weak and lasts for only two years.England wants their king back!!!!!!!
24QuestionsDuring the English Civil War; who fought each other and what were the names given to each group?Who was the leader of the Roundheads?What were the 3 things Cromwell did once he controlled the government?What type of leader was Cromwell?In terms of religion, Cromwell believed in what, and except for who?Eng. wants what back towards the end of Cromwell’s rule?
25The Restoration( )Parliament could no more exist without the Crown than the Crown without Parliament. This was the most important lesson of the English Civil War!
26King Charles II England brings Charles II back Had charm, poise, & political skills [unlike his father!].Reopened the theaters pubs closed during the Restoration.Restored the Church of EnglandFavored religious toleration.Had secret Catholic sympathies.
27King Charles II 1679 Habeas Corpus Act Realized that he could not repeat the mistakes his father had made1679 Habeas Corpus ActAny unjustly imprisoned persons could obtain a writ of habeas corpus compelling the govt. to explain why he had lost his liberty.
28King James II Charles II picks his brother: James II Becomes Catholic Appoints Catholics to powerWants absolute controlLacks ability to compromiseDissolves ParliamentHas a sonFear the “Catholic Heir”Provoked the revolution that Charles II avoided!
30The “Glorious” Revolution: 1688 Whig & Tory leaders offered the throne jointly to James II’s daughter Mary [raised a Protestant] & her husband, William of Orange.He was seen as a champion of the Protestant cause.Agreed to the Bill of RightsAlso called “bloodless”James gave up
31WHIGS & TORIES Whigs' believed: Tories supported: constitutional monarchismopposition to absolute ruleTories supported:exiled Stuart royal family's claims for the throne
32English Bill of Rights  settled major issues between King & Parliament.Created a Prime MinisterWatch out for the peopleIt served as a model for the U. S. Bill of Rights.
33English Bill of Rights 1689 Main provisions: The King could not suspend the operation of laws.The King could not interfere with the ordinary course of justice.No taxes levied or standard army maintained in peacetime without Parliament’s consent.Freedom of speech in Parliament.Sessions of Parliament would be held frequently.Subjects had the right of bail, petition, and freedom from excessive fines and cruel and unusual punishment.The monarch must be a Protestant.Freedom from arbitrary arrest.Censorship of the press was dropped.Religious toleration.
35QuestionsWhat did Charles II realize? Because of that, what did he enact?Who did Charles II name as his successor?Was this successor good or bad? Why and what started b/c of him?Who did the Whigs & Tories offer the throne to?What did the new Eng. rulers have to agree to?List some of the rights listed in the Eng. Bill of Rights.Does the US Bill of Rights have any of the same ideas in it?