2 Names and Terms to Know Charles I Parliament Oliver Cromwell Puritans RestorationGlorious RevolutionEnlightenmentAge of Reason
3 Look at the timeline on page 422… Identify the key political events of the age.What trend in publishing characterizes the era?
4 Historical Background Charles I and Parliament – frequently clashed over money, he dissolved it and didn’t call them into session for 11 yearsHad issues with religious due to trying to get them to conformCivil War – Cromwell defeated the royalist army and took Charles as prisoner, he was beheadedNew government was known as the English Commonwealth he was named Lord Protector and was a virtual dictator
5 When Cromwell died Charles II was crown He promoted composers and paintersJames II was his successor was a devout CatholicParliament invited his Protestant daughter Mary to rule with her husband William of OrangeJames escaped to France and this was known as the Glorious Revolution because no blood was shedBill of Rights – limited constitutional monarchyConservatives, aristocratic Tories and the merchant class Whigs
6 The beginning of the Industrial Revolution Steam engine, loom – economic revolution increased Britain's wealthThe Enlightenment – through reason and observation of nature, human beings could discover the order underlying all thingsSir Isaac NewtonMills and factories and poor working conditions were prevalent
7 Literature of the Period Jonson – strove for perfection and harmony in the classical authorsDonne – Metaphysical poetry (unusual degree of intellectualism) new, witty, cerebral stylePuritan Writers – John Milton – Calvinist educated in Greek and Latin, studied the Old Testament, epic Paradise LostJohn Bunyan The Pilgrim’s Progress an allegory
8 Dryden – From 1660 to 1700 (Restoration) poet laurate focused on the achievements of humanity Restoration Theater – noted for comediesAlexander Pope – neoclassical style, exhibiting wit, elegance, and moderation The Rape of LockJonathon Swift – Gulliver’s Travels critical of the merchant classOther authors = Defoe, Addison, Steele, and Johnson1800s will be an age of the language of everyday life, realistic