Presentation on theme: "ENGLAND’S PATH TO A CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY 16 th and 17 th Century."— Presentation transcript:
ENGLAND’S PATH TO A CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY 16 th and 17 th Century
Elizabeth I Excercised great personal power. Victory over the Armada Shakespeare Sole weakness? Succession
James VI—James I Cousin of Elizabeth I Well educated with the 35 years of Monarchal experience. “Breeches” Scotish Accent/Lack of majesty Belief in Divine Right of Kings
Role of Commons Power of the purse Exertion of strength Desire to be sovereign from king James I. Charles I—attempts to govern without it!
Charles I Problems with “Puritans” Puritan dominance in Parliament “No Bishop No King” James I Illegal levies without Parliamentary consent Represented French style Abolutism
Long Parliament Need for Charles to call Parliament and act. “The Long Parliament ” Rebellion in Ireland 1641 Parliament unwilling to grant funds
Civil War! English Civil War: Roundheads v. Cavaliers Cromwell’s New Model Army Where does power lie? King Charles tried and executed for Treason.
Interregnum Separation of two monarchal periods Changes in power of Parliament “Republican” government of Cromwell Lord Protectorate
Restoration Invitation by Parliament for Charles II (son) to come back from exile and rule. Parliament was restored Good relationships between Charles II and Parliament Secret deal with Louis XIV
James II Openly catholic James II bears a son Catholic Dynasty?
Glorious Revolution Replacement of a king without blood Destruction of Divine Right of Kings William and Mary Sovereignty in England is equally divided Declaration of Rights: cornerstone of the British Constitution
Declaration of Rights Law was to be made in Parliament Couldn’t be suspended by crown Parliament had to be summoned tri-annually. Judicial independence Rights of citizens
John Locke Defender of the Glorious Revolution People set up governments to protect inalienable rights Those Gov’t’s that don’t protect these rights are tyrannical. People have a natural right to rebel under a tyranny.
Consequences? Formation of a Cabinet form of government Crafting of the English Constitution Clarification of Sovereignty Robert Walpole first “Prime Minister”