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Colonial Government How do new ideas change the way people live? Chapter 4, Lesson 2 Ms. Elias.

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Presentation on theme: "Colonial Government How do new ideas change the way people live? Chapter 4, Lesson 2 Ms. Elias."— Presentation transcript:

1 Colonial Government How do new ideas change the way people live? Chapter 4, Lesson 2 Ms. Elias

2 Vocabulary  Protected rights  Representative government  Magna Carta  English Bill of Rights  Proprietary colony  Charter colony  Royal colony  Mercantilism

3 English System of Government  The English colonists—bring English ideas about government to America. – Example) trail by jury  Two principles of the English system of government: protected rights representative government  Both influenced the development of the United States and are part of the U.S. Constitution.

4 Protected Rights  Colonists believed government must respect their rights.  Protection of people's rights was a central idea in the English system of government.

5 Magna Carta (1215)—the first document which guaranteed people’s rights. – Gave English people protection against unjust treatment or punishment.

6 Representative Government  Representative government—people elect delegates to make laws and conduct government.  Idea of representative government comes from England—and we inherited it!

7 English Parliament (representative assembly) House of Commons (commoners) House of Lords (wealthy, ruling class)

8 Glorious Revolution  In the mid-1600s, Parliament and King James II began a struggle for power.  Parliament removed King James II from power— crowned William and Mary to rule.  William & Mary promised to govern England according to the laws Parliament passes.  Glorious Revolution is this this peaceful transfer of power.  After the Glorious Revolution no ruler would have more power than the legislature (Parliament).

9 English Bill of Rights  To limit the power of the King, Parliament passed the English Bill of Rights: – Illegal for the ruler to suspend Parliament's laws – Ruler could not impose taxes, – Ruler could not raise an army without Parliament's consent.

10 Government in American Colonies  The 13 colonies began as either charter or proprietary colonies—then some turned into royal colonies. 1.Charter colonies based on a charter Ex) Massachusetts. 1.Proprietary colonies were the property of an owner or group of owners. - owners ruled as they wished and named their own governors. Ex) Pennsylvania

11  Some colonies were turned into royal colonies—were under direct English control (king and Parliament)  Parliament made decision in royal colonies—like appointing governor.

12 Voting in the Colonies  Only white men who owned property could vote.  Most women, indentured servants, landless poor, and African Americans could not vote.

13 Colonial Economy: Mercantilism and American Resistance Ms. Elias US History Chapter 4, Lesson 2

14 Mercantilism  Europeans followed idea of mercantilism.  Mercantilism means that for a country to be wealthy (sliver/gold) it must: 1. Must export (sell to other countries), more than it imports, (buys from other countries) 2. A country must also seek colonies, which could supply raw materials and serve as a market for exports (to buy its goods).

15  The English followed a mercantilist policy.  Used the American colonies for raw materials—tobacco, rice, indigo, wheat, lumber, fur, leather, fish, and whale products.  They also wanted the colonists to buy English manufactured goods, such as tools, clothing, and furniture.



18 Navigation Acts  To control this trade, England began passing a series of laws called Navigation Acts (1650s).  Forced colonists to sell their raw materials to England even if they could get a better price elsewhere.  Goods bought by the colonies from other countries in Europe had to go to England first and be taxed.

19 Mercantilism  1. Create a political cartoon which depicts mercantilism.  2. Symbols: What symbols did you use in your drawing. Describe them and what they stand for.  3. Reasoning: Explain WHY you used those symbols.  4. Description: Explain HOW your drawing shows mercantilism.  5. Answer the Worksheet Questions

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