Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

England and Its Colonies Chapter 3, Section 1. Mercantilism England expects something in return for its generosity to the colonies –Mercantilism: goal.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "England and Its Colonies Chapter 3, Section 1. Mercantilism England expects something in return for its generosity to the colonies –Mercantilism: goal."— Presentation transcript:

1 England and Its Colonies Chapter 3, Section 1

2 Mercantilism England expects something in return for its generosity to the colonies –Mercantilism: goal is to become most wealthy country in the world by gaining the most gold/silver Why are the colonies an important part of mercantilism for England?

3 Navigation Acts Navigation Acts: 1. Must trade only with England 2. Must use only English ships

4 Navigation Acts King Charles cracks down: –Created “Dominion of New England” DoNE New leaders enforced Nav. Acts, questioned Puritan beliefs, outlawed local assemblies, and created new taxes

5 New leader, same tricks King Charles II died in 1685 –King James II (brother) took the throne Catholic Enforced Nav. Acts

6 New leader, same tricks Glorious Revolution: –King James fled England –Parliament asked William and Mary of Orange to take over the throne

7 Glorious Revolution The Glorious Revolution showed that Parliament has more power than the King –In the colonies, Wm. and Parliament: dissolve DoNE and reinstate colonial assemblies Require more religious freedom Begin Salutary neglect: policy giving the colonies more overall freedom

8 Glorious Revolution The only thing they didn’t do? –Eliminate Nav. Acts They strengthened them! Moved smuggling trials to courts with English judges Created the Board of Trade to monitor colonial trade

9 A Small Advantage Colonial assemblies pay the governors’ salary

10 The Agricultural South Chapter 3, Section 2

11 Southern Life Profitable crop that saved Jamestown: Tobacco Cash crop: a crop grown in large quantities primarily to sell

12 Southern Life Tobacco is a labor-intensive crop –Originally enslaved natives, but this proved too difficult 1. Knew the land and could escape 2. Dying from smallpox

13 Southern Life Began enslaving Africans –From 1690 to 1750:

14 Southern Life Plantation Owners Free white men Indentured servants and women Slaves and natives

15 The Slave Trade Triangular trade Middle Passage

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23 Slave Resistance Ways that slaves resisted their owners: –Faked sick –Broke tools –Worked slowly

24 Slave Resistance Stono Rebellion: a group of S.C. slaves gathered weapons and rose up against owners; many Africans were killed whether they were involved or not –Began a crackdown on slaves

25 Ending the Slave Trade, “Amazing Grace”

26 Resources Slavery The Slave Trade, “Amazing Grace”“Amazing Grace” Slavery in Pictures

27 The Commercial North Chapter 3, Section 3

28 Commercial North Diverse English German Scots and Irish Scandinavians French fur traders

29 Salem Witch Trials http://www.neiu.edu/~cejanzen/salem.swf

30 Commercial North Diversity allows for two great movements to take root in the North The Enlightenment The Great Awakening

31 The Enlightenment The Great Awakening Type of movement IntellectualReligious Key figures Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson Jonathan Edwards, Gge. Whitefield Ideas World is governed by mathematical laws, indiv. have natural rights Puritan values, rededicate to God, need for salvation What action to take Experiment, rely on reason, question traditional authority Join a church, found religious colleges, read the Bible, question authority

32 The Enlightenment Ideas of the Enlightenment in America

33 NorthSouth several cash crops several cash crops industry industry Powerful merchants Powerful merchants many cities many cities diverse religions, ethnic groups, etc. diverse religions, ethnic groups, etc. one cash crops one cash crops agriculture industry agriculture industry Powerful farm owners Powerful farm owners few cities few cities more uniform population more uniform population Both SlavesSlaves Conflict with natives Conflict with natives becoming wealthy becoming wealthy upset with England upset with England

34 Tensions Between the Colonies and Britain Ch. 3, Section 4

35 French and Indian War France was Britain’s greatest rival in North America

36 French had alliances with major native tribes of the midwest (Huron, Ottawa, Ojibwe) Built Fort Duquesne in present day Pittsburgh, but there was a problem British granted that land to planters French and Indian War

37 British sent George Washington and VA militia to drive the French out –Built Fort Necessity –Forced to surrender during French counter-attack –Beginning of French and Indian War French and Indian War

38 Gen. Edward Braddock defeated by French guerrilla warfare at first William Pitt borrowed a heap of money and began winning Iroquois (one of biggest native alliances) joined British French and Indian War

39 French driven to Quebec City British won by scaling cliffs around Quebec and taking the French by surprise French and Indian War

40 Treaty of Paris (1763): ended the war with France Great Britain received Canada and most of North America, including Florida from France’s ally Spain French and Indian War

41 To fight native resistance: –Brits gave two small pox blankets to natives during peace negotiations –To avoid major battles, Proclamation of 1763 French and Indian War

42 Problems Resulting from War 1.Brits left 10,000 troops for colonists’ safety 2.Britain raises taxes to pay for its war debts Writs of assistance: could search any building or ship for suspected smuggled goods 3.Sugar Act Smugglers tried with one judge, no jury Claimed rights being violated b/c no representation in Parliament


Download ppt "England and Its Colonies Chapter 3, Section 1. Mercantilism England expects something in return for its generosity to the colonies –Mercantilism: goal."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google