2 Rebellion and War 1660-1713 Introduction Salutary Neglect Charles IIExpansion of tradeRegulation of Economic ActivitiesBenefits to English Economy and Commercial Interests
3 Royal Centralization 1660-1668 Charles dreams of Absolute Monarchy similar to FranceMassachusetts Charter is revokedJames II consolidates New England Colonies and abolished legislative assemblies to place authority in the hands of Royal Governor Edmond Andros
4 The Glorious Revolution in England and America 1688-1689 James II forced into exile because of pro-Catholic actions and attempts at absolute ruleWilliam and Mary assume the throne and institute limited monarchyNew England rebels and arrests AndrosNew England colonies once again granted colonial charters and allowed to organize assemblies.Leisler’s Rebellion in New York and Cooke’s uprising in Maryland were also associated with the Glorious Revolution.
5 A Generation of WarBritish and French fought in two separate WarsKing William’s War and Queen Anne’s WarFrance still controlled America’s interior and colonists sought protection from the Mother country.
6 Colonial Economies and Societies 1660-1750 Mercantilist Empires in AmericaGold=Wealth=PowerFavorable Balance of TradeNavigation Acts All trade must be carried out aboard British-owned shipsTobacco, rice, indigo, furs, naval stores most go through England first.The original acts did little to hamper the American economy
8 Immigration, Population Growth and Diversity 1.2 million population in British colonies60,000 French colonies19,000 Spanish coloniesFrench and Catholics only allowed CatholicsBritish North America continued to grow rapidly from African immigration in the 1700’sBy % of the colonial population was African slaves
9 Rural White Men and Women Small farmsFamily laborSelf-sufficient
10 Colonial Farmers and the Environment DeforestationWood used for shelter, heat, fences etc.Animals became scarceSoil was depleted because of crops like tobacco with no fertilizer or crop rotation
11 The Urban Paradox 4 large cities Port Cities, Overcrowded, Unsanitary, EpidemicsPhiladelphiaNew YorkCharles TownBoston
12 Slavery’s WagesStono Rebellion1712 and 1741 Slave uprisings
13 The Rise of Colonial Elites Wealthy Rural elitesUrban Commercial ElitesBegan to imitate their European counterparts
14 Competing for a Continent 1713-1750 France and Native AmericansFrench founded New Orleans 1718Farming, Hunting, Fishing and trade with the IndiansFormed alliances with neighboring tribes while crushing those that stood in their way (Natchez)
15 Native Americans and British Expansion Tuscarora and Yamasee Wars vs. Carolinian expansionPennsylvania convinced Delaware Indians to move to land adjacent the Iroquois and other eastern tribes were moved west
16 British Expansion in the South: Georgia Georgia is the last of the original 13 colonies to be establishedFounded by James OglethorpeProtected Carolinas from Spain and was a safe haven for debtors from EnglandGerman, Swiss, Scottish and Jewish settlers outnumber EnglishBanned slaveryRestrictions dropped
17 Spain’s TenacitySpanish Empire spread throughout the Southwest and parts of the SoutheastSpain made alliances with tribes they used to attack. Navajo and ApachesSpanish Outposts and Missions are built including the AlamoSpain tried to weaken the English colonies by offering freedom to their slaves
18 The Return of War:Britain and Spain fought each other along the Florida-Georgia border 1739War of Austrian Succession/King George’s War , New Englanders vs. France
19 Public Life in British America 1689-1750 Colonial PoliticsEnglish Bill of RightsPower shifted from Royal Governors to Colonial AssembliesColonial Assemblies controlled Royal Governors through their salaryAmerica became more self-governing, at least among the elitesWomen, blacks and Indians could not voteJohn Peter Zenger was acquitted on charges of libel which enforced freedom of speech.
20 The EnlightenmentEmphasized reason, science, human improvementDiesm
21 The Great Awakening Christian Revivalism Jonathan Edwards William TennentTheodore FrelinghuysenGeorge WhitefieldChristian Colleges- Princeton. Columbia, Brown, Dartmouth