Presentation on theme: "The Cavaliers & Puritans"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Cavaliers & Puritans 17th Century (1625 – 1700)
2 Turmoil Religious & Political Queen Elizabeth dies 1603King JamesKing CharlesOliver CromwellKing Charles II“GLORIOUS REVOLUTION”
3 The Controversy Royal family are Anglican (Catholic sympathizers) WHILECommon people areProtestant sympathizers
4 King is Head of Church & State Divine Right of KingsKing is Head ofChurch & State
5 King James Not a picture of health… -- crippling arthritis -- weak limbs -- colic (digestion problems) -- gout -- difficulty walking -- tongue problemsAfter numerous attempts on his life, he required constant care.Invented British flag -- combined England's red cross of St. George with Scotland's white cross of St. Andrew.
6 Religious Non-Conformity Puritans/SeparatistsCongregationists/PresbyteriansChurch government stylescongregation vs. bishopliturgical vs. non-liturgical
7 King James & the Non-conformists “I shall make them conform themselvesor I will harry them out of the land, or else…do worse.”
8 King Charles Angers Parliament Angers Puritans Private arrests, trials Catholicize worship (High Church)Last straw - Presbyterian Scots & the new liturgy!
9 CIVIL WAR The Bloody Revolution! King Charles beheaded in 1649! Roundheads = PuritansCavaliers = Royal LoyalistsCouncil of State - backed by revolutionary officersCromwell assumes control as “Lord Protector of the Commonwealth”The Bloody Revolution! King Charles beheaded in 1649!
10 Cromwell’s Rule Puritan strictness Military power Suppression of theatre& other frivolous activitiesTyrant/dictator
11 The Restoration Cromwell’s death dooms Puritan rule Parliament asks King Charles II back from exile in HollandPeople revolted vs. Puritan strictness
17 Great Plague in London 1665 ------------- 68,000 die! Historic EventsGreat Plaguein London166568,000die!
18 Great Fire of London - 1666 (Christopher Wren - rebuilder) Historic EventsGreat Fire of London(Christopher Wren - rebuilder)
19 Cavalier Poets -- Lovelace, Suckling, Herrick -- Anglicansupporters of the Kingtopics of wine, women, war & lovesimple & easy to understandavoided religious topicswitty & satirical“Tribe of Ben”
20 Metaphysical Poets -- Donne, Herbert, later Herrick -- ProtestantNot happy with the Kingreligious & philosophical topicschallenging, demanding, symbolicmetaphysical conceits – unusual metaphors
21 17th Century Poetry John Milton Paradise Lost (over 10,000 lines) Puritan look at fall into sin“justify the ways of God to man”great English classic
22 17th Century Poetry John Dryden Poet laureate of Charles II Neoclassic style (odes & satires)literary criticismessayist - “father of modern prose”translatordebater
23 17th Century Drama Ben Jonson Comedies Puritans close theater - Satiric Comedy- Tragicomedy- Comedy of MannersPuritans close theaterActresses acceptable by end of centuryHe was not of an age, but for all time To the Memory of Shakespeare
24 17th Century Prose Scientific writing Hobbes & Locke – Philosophical writingIzaak Walton – The Compleat AnglerJohn Dryden – Literary criticismSamuel Pepys – The Diary (in code)John Bunyan – The Pilgrim’s ProgressKing James Bible
25 John BunyanOur Father which in heaven art, Thy name be always hallowed; Thy kingdom come, thy will be done; Thy heavenly path be followed By us on earth as 'tis with thee, We humbly pray; And let our bread us given be, From day to day. Forgive our debts as we forgive Those that to us indebted are: Into temptation lead us not, But save us from the wicked snare. The kingdom's thine, the power too, We thee adore; The glory also shall be thine For evermore.
26 Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress Written in prisonMain character is ChristianAllegory of Christian Life“Last great Christian classic”
27 Samuel Pepys – Diary Writer June 15thThe Duke of Yorke not yet come to town. The town grows very sickly, and people to be afeared of it - there dying this last wek of the plague 112, from 43 the week before - whereof, one in Fanchurch-street and one in Broadstreete by the Treasurer's office.
28 Watch for . . . Heroic couplet in poetry Rise of comedies Spelling becoming set (1st dictionaries)Satire - moral writing to expose evilHeroic couplet in poetryRise of comediesShakespeare considered “rough, uncultured” - not often performed
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