Presentation on theme: "X. The Glorious Revolution A. James II brother of Charles II on throne 1685 1. Divine Right of Kings 2. Raised in France a Catholic 3. Places Catholics."— Presentation transcript:
X. The Glorious Revolution A. James II brother of Charles II on throne 1685 1. Divine Right of Kings 2. Raised in France a Catholic 3. Places Catholics in office & persecutes Puritans 4. Parliament resists 5. King disbands parliament 6. Queen has a son establishing a Catholic dynasty B. James forms the Dominion of New England 1. MA, NH, CO, Plymouth, RI, NY, and NJ 2. Sir Edmund Andros (chief administrator) a. heavy taxes b. abolished General Court of Massachusetts c. suspended trial by jury d. stopped Boston town meetings e. converted some puritan churches to Anglican churches
C. Parliament reacts 1. Important Protestant leaders plan revolt a. Approach Mary, the daughter of James II b. Mary is married to William of Orange (a Dutch republic) 2. Earl of Shaftesbury offered them a coregency (1689) 3. Important lasting effects a. no Catholics on the throne b. no divine right of kings c. Parliament becomes the power D. News Reaches America 1. Bostonians rebel on news a. put Andros in Prison b. new charter three years later i. Mass. & N H become royal colonies ii. no church membership required to vote or hold office iii. Massachusetts encompasses both Plymouth and Maine 2. New York
a. Jacob Leister (Dutch citizen & social outcast) i. takes over government with a committee ii. rules from 1689-1691 b. English Crown replaces Leister c. an All English Jury tries i. Leister guilty and hanged ii. Jacob Milbourne (his brother-in-law also hanged) 3. Maryland a. Governor controlled most of economy with his friends i. Calvert family Catholic b. John Coode (former member of Maryland assembly) i. gathered army ii. took over government & Calvert plantation c. Coode seeks clemency from William and Mary i. Crown runs Maryland ii. Calverts' charter revoked until become Protestant 1715 ii. Coode banished from colony
4. Virginia a. Lord Howard of Effingham new catholic governor i. Catholics in high office ii. Protestants hear of Revolution and rebel b. Rebellion fails c. Catholics removed from office 5. Other Colonies a. few Catholics in office b. laws against Catholics in office passed
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