Presentation on theme: "The Economic Ties Between England and its Colonies."— Presentation transcript:
The Economic Ties Between England and its Colonies
Mercantilism ► Definition: an economic system in which nations seek to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by establishing a favorable balance of trade (more goods sold than bought.) ► England ’ s Goal: Become self-sufficient under Mercantilism ► Colonies were useful to England: provided raw materials Market to sell goods
The Problem ► Wealthy colonial merchants sent some products to other countries b/c more profitable for them. ► In Mercantilism – any products flowing from colonies to other countries was an economic threat not benefiting England.
If you were the English Government, what would you do? Take 5 minutes with a partner to establish a plan.
England ’ s Solution: THE NAVIGATION ACTS
Crackdown on Navigation Act Violators ► Biggest Violators were in Massachusetts Argued private charter did not require them to obey the Acts England revoked their charter Dominion of New England ► Consolidated land from S. Maine to NJ under one colony under rule by Sir Edmund Andros. ► Disbanded local assemblies ► Only lasted until Glorious Revolution.
The Glorious Revolution ► James I no monarchy Charles II James II, who was Catholic and hated ► Parliament granted protestants William and Mary to rule the country with husband William ► Parliament established its power over the crown at this time
How did it Affect the Colonies? ► Colonists Staged their own bloodless revolution kicked out Andros ► Parliament established new MA charter w/ religious tolerance and king appointed governor in 1691 ► Salutary Neglect England relaxed enforcement of colony regulations ► Neglect = Governor had little power over the colony assembly, taste of “ self-government. ”
1.How does this continue to establish the Colonial identity? 2.How might this plant Seeds for Rebellion Later on?