Presentation on theme: "England’s Glorious Revolution How did England become a constitutional monarchy?"— Presentation transcript:
England’s Glorious Revolution How did England become a constitutional monarchy?
James II: Absolute Monarch James II was a Catholic & believed in “Divine Right” James’ only daughter Mary was Protestant James remarries to have a Catholic son James begins displaying Catholic symbols & promoting Catholics in Govt Parliament protests, James dismisses Parliament Several Members of Parliament approach Mary about overthrowing her father Mary’s husband William of Orange, a Dutch prince, agrees to send his army Instead of fighting, James II flees for France The “bloodless” overthrow of James II is called the Glorious Revolution
The Constitutional Monarchy William & Mary are crowned co-rulers of England & Scotland Parliament drafts English Bill of Rights: 1) Monarch cannot suspend Parliament 2) Monarch can’t tax without Parliament’s consent 3) Monarch cannot interfere with free speech 4) Need Parliament’s consent for war William & Mary agree, England is a Constitutional Monarchy Cabinet System Appointed Ministers make up a Cabinet that is created to solve disputes between Monarch & Parliament Prime Minister will lead both the Cabinet & Parliament 1710: England (which includes Wales) and Scotland combine their Parliaments to form the nation of Great Britain