Presentation on theme: "England’s Glorious Revolution How did England become a constitutional monarchy? William of OrangeMary II."— Presentation transcript:
England’s Glorious Revolution How did England become a constitutional monarchy? William of OrangeMary II
The Glorious Revolution After Charles II dies, his brother James II becomes king James had a daughter Mary II, who was Protestant James II began offending many English citizens by displaying Catholic symbols and promoting Catholics in Govt. When Parliament protested, he dismissed Parliament James II William & Mary Members of Parliament approached Mary & her husband about overthrowing her father William agreed and led his army into London Instead of fighting, James II fled for France The “bloodless” overthrow of James II is called the Glorious Revolution
The Constitutional Monarchy William & Mary promised to make Parliament an equal partner Parliament drafted the English Bill of Rights, which did the following: 1) Monarch cannot suspend Parliament 2) Monarch can’t tax without Parliament’s consent 3) Monarch cannot interfere with free speech 4) No penalties for people who have grievances against the monarch William & Mary agreed to these and other limits to their power As a result England became a Constitutional Monarchy Overtime, the Parliament & Monarchs did disagree So a cabinet system was put into place as a link between the monarch and the Parliament The leader of the cabinet & parliament is the Prime Minister
William of Orange Homework questions 1.Why did William gladly accept the offer to become King of England? 2.How did William stop advancing armies in the Netherlands? 3.Why did the English turn to William in their battle with James? 4.Why was William able to become the King of England? 5.How did William continue his crusade against Catholicism after he became king?