Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Dihybrid Crosses. Dihybrid Cross: a cross that shows the possible offspring for two traits Fur Color: B: Black b: White Coat Texture: R: Rough r: Smooth.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Dihybrid Crosses. Dihybrid Cross: a cross that shows the possible offspring for two traits Fur Color: B: Black b: White Coat Texture: R: Rough r: Smooth."— Presentation transcript:

1 Dihybrid Crosses

2 Dihybrid Cross: a cross that shows the possible offspring for two traits Fur Color: B: Black b: White Coat Texture: R: Rough r: Smooth In this example, we will cross a heterozygous cow with heterozygous bull. Their genotypes will be: BbRr x BbRr

3 Dihybrid Cross First, you must find ALL possible gametes that can be made from each parent. Remember, each gamete must have one B and one R (haploid). BbRr x BbRr BbRr Possible Gametes BR Br bR br

4 Dihybrid Crosses: a cross that shows the possible offspring for two traits Fur Color: B: Black b: White Coat Texture: R: Rough r: Smooth BbRr x BbRr BR bR br bR Br BR br Br BBRRBbRRBbRr BBRrBBrrBbRrBbrr BbRRBbRrbbRRbbRr BbRrBbrrbbRrbbrr BBRr

5 BR bR br bR Br BR br Br BBRRBbRRBbRr BBRrBBrrBbRrBbrr BbRRBbRrbbRRbbRr BbRrBbrrbbRrbbrr BBRr How many of the offspring would have a black, rough coat? How many of the offspring would have a black, smooth coat? How many of the offspring would have a white, rough coat? How many of the offspring would have a white, smooth coat? Fur Color: B: Black b: White Coat Texture: R: Rough r: Smooth Phenotype Ratio: 9:3:3:1

6 Law of Independent Assortment During gamete formation, the two alleles for one gene segregate or assort independently of the alleles for other genes Although, other scientists did find exceptions to this law… as you will discover later in this course.

7 Practice In pea plants, yellow seeds (E) are dominant over green seeds (e), and rounded peas (R) are dominant over wrinkled peas (r). Cross a plant that is heterozygous for both traits with a plant that is homozygous recessive for both traits. Draw a Punnett square to show all possible offspring, and determine the genotypic and phenotypic ratios.

8 More practice About 70% of Americans perceive a bitter taste from the chemical phenylthiocarbamide (PTC). The ability to taste this chemical results from a dominant allele (T) and not being able to taste PTC is the result of having two recessive alleles (t). Albinism is a trait with normal pigment being dominant (A) and the lack of pigment being recessive (a). A normally pigmented woman who cannot taste PTC has a father who is an albino taster. She marries a homozygous, normally pigmented man who is a taster but who has a mother that does not taste PTC. What are the genotypes of the possible children (choose all that apply)?

9 Practice (this one is a little bit harder) Suppose in a strain of soybeans, high oil (H) content in the seeds is dominant to low oil content and four seeds (E) in a pod is dominant to two seeds in a pod. A farmer crosses two soybean plants, both with high oil content and four seeds per pod. The resulting crop has: – High oil/four seeds: 456 – High oil / two seeds: 162 – Low oil / four seeds : 148 – Low oil / two seeds): 45 What genotype were the parent plants?


Download ppt "Dihybrid Crosses. Dihybrid Cross: a cross that shows the possible offspring for two traits Fur Color: B: Black b: White Coat Texture: R: Rough r: Smooth."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google