3The use of animals for medical research is a highly emotional topic formany people. Animal-rights activistscondemn research on animals, claimingthat many medical experiments are notonly inhumane but actually unnecessary.Alternatives to animal experimentationexist, they argue, if only medicalresearchers were willing to make use ofthem. A physician and medical researcher,exciting
4Ron Kline addresses the claims of the activists and, in the process, makes some compelling claims of his own.I am the enemy! One of those vilified, inhumane physician-scientists involved in animal research. How strange, for I have never thought of myself as an evil person. I became a pediatrician because of my love for children and my desire to keep them healthy. During medical school andforceful &convincingat the same time
5against which medicine has made tremendous progress, but still has 实习期residency, however, I saw many children die of leukemia, prematurity and traumatic injury—circumstancesagainst which medicine has made tremendous progress, but still hasfar to go. More important, I also saw children, alive and healthy, thanks to advances in medical science such as infant respirators, powerful antibiotics, new surgical techniques and the entire field of organ transplantation.白血病早产外伤residencyThe period during which a physician receives specialized clinical training.Premature:Born after a gestation period of less than the normal time:早产的：在短于正常时间的妊娠期后出生的：Malignant adj.Threatening to life; virulent:致命的：威胁生命的；恶性的：a malignant disease.一种致命的疾病Tending to metastasize; cancerous. Used of a tumor.癌的：癌转移倾向的；癌的。用以指肿瘤的a benign tumor.良性肿瘤抗生素呼吸器器官移植
6have no particular interest or concern for, apathetic My desire to tip the scales in favor of the healthy, happy children drew me to medical research.My accusers claim that I impose torture on animals for the sole purpose of career advancement. My experiments supposedly have no relevance to medicine and are easily replaced by computer simulation. Meanwhile, an indifferent publicWho?the only onehave no particular interest or concern for, apatheticMilitary affairs, physics, aeronautics, hydraulics, even film-making business
7barely watches, convinced that the issue has no significance, and publicity-conscious politicians increasingly give way to the demands of the activists.We in medical research have also been inexcusably indifferent. We have allowed the most extreme animal-rights protesters to seize the initiative and frame the issue as one of "animal deception." We have beenjust/onlyunpardonable apathetic?
8self-satisfied/pleased complacent in our belief that aknowledgeable public would sense the importance of animal research to the public health. Perhaps we have been mistaken in not responding to the emotional tone of the argument created by those sad posters of animals by waving equally sad posters of children dying of leukemia or cystic fibrosis.
9Much is made of the pain imposed on these animals in the name of medical science. The animal rights activists maintain that this is evidence of our malevolent and sadistic nature. A more reasonable argument, however, can be advanced in our defense. Life is often cruel, both to animals and human beings. Teenagers get thrown from the back of a pickup truck and suffer severeput forward/propose
10Refer to P103, A Must for Learners head injuries. Toddlers, barely able to walk, find themselves at the bottomof a swimming pool while a parent checks the mail. Physicians hoping to relieve the pain and suffering these tragedies cause have but three choices: create an animal model of the injury or disease and use that model to understand the process and test new therapies; experiment on human beings some experiments will
11Some animal-rights activists would suggest a fourth choice, succeed, most will fail or finally, leave medical knowledge static, hoping that accidental discoveries will lead us to the advances.Some animal-rights activists would suggest a fourth choice,claiming that computer models can simulate animal experiments, thusmaking the actual experiments unnecessary. Computers can simulate,In P5, the writer put forward argument of activists and then attack it in his own defence.
12reasonably well, the effects of well-understood principles on complicated systems, as in the application of the laws of physics to airplane andautomobile design. However, when the principles themselves are inquestion, as is the case with the complicated biological systems understudy, computer modeling alone is of little value.under debate/being challenged
13One of the terrifying effects of the effort to restrict the use of animals in medical research is that the impact will not be felt for years and decades: drugs that might have been discovered will not be; surgical techniques that might have been developed will not be; and fundamental biological processes that might have been understood will remain mysteries. There is theParallelism & omissiondiscovereddeveloped
14pacify平息，安抚danger that politically expedient solutions will be found to placate a vocal minority, while the consequences of those decisions will not be apparent until long after the decisions are made and the decision-makers forgotten.Fortunately, most of us enjoy good health, and the trauma ofwatching one's child die has becomeWho?Serve the purpose for the moment but may be morally wrong 权宜之计What?are
15a rare experience. Yet our good fortune should not make us unappreciative of the health we enjoy or the advances that make it possible. Vaccines, antibiotics, insulin and drugs to treat heart disease, hypertension and stroke are all based on animal research. Most complex surgical procedures, such as coronary-artery bypass and organ transplantation, are initially developed胰岛素疫苗冠状动脉分流术first
16in animals. Presently undergoing animal studies are techniques to insert genes in humans in order to replace the defective ones found to be the cause of so much disease. These studies will effectively end if animal research is severely restricted.In America today, death has become an event isolated from our daily existence out of the sight and thoughts of most of us. As a doctorcertainly, actually
17who has watched many children die, and their parents grieve, I am particularly angered by people capable of so much compassion for a dog or a cat, but with seemingly so little for a dying human being. These people seem so isolated from the reality of human life and death and what it means.Make no mistake, however: I am not advocating the needlessly cruel
18treatment of animals. To the extent that the animal-rights movement has made us more aware of the needs of these animals and made us search harder for suitable alternatives, they have made a significant contribution. But if the more radical members of this movement are successful in limiting further research, their effortswill bring about a tragedy that will cost many lives. The real question is
19whether an indifferent majority can be aroused to protect its future against a vocal, but misdirected, minority.
201. Have you ever heard about medical research on animals or animal rights movement? Claude Bernard, 1813—1878he was one of the founders of proper, experimental physiology, and started the experiments on animals.It was in Britain in the 18th century that the advocacy of animal rights began. The animal rights movement has grown considerably in recent decades. As a result of protests by animal rights groups, hunting endangered species has been banned in most countries. Now some animal right groups have focused their attention on the treatment of animals in scientific research.
212. What animal is most often used in animal experiments?
223. Do you think it is really necessary to conduct experiments on animals? Why or why not? If you type the key words “animal experiments” into a search engine on the Internet, you will find in the tens of thousands of searching results,
23most of words used to modify “animal experiments” are: Sadistic, brutal, cruel, shame, disaster, etc., which indicates that quite a few people take an opposing position against this issue, but what stand does the writer take in the text? How does he uphold his stand?
24activist:n A proponent or practitioner of activism:激进主义分子，行动主义分子political activists.政治激进分子adj. Of, relating to, or engaged in activism, or being an activist.激进主义的, 有关激进主义分子的
25The debate over animal experiments is deadly serious The debate over animal experiments is deadly serious. In Britain, we've seen bombings, hunger strikes and death threats. The scientists involved, labeled "torturers", live in fear of becoming the next target. Peaceful campaigners for animal rights find themselves branded as "terrorist sympathizers".
26condemn: vt.⑴ To express strong disapproval of:谴责：表达强烈的反对意见：e.g. All the world would ~ thecountry for selling the nuclearweapon.⑵ To pronounce judgment against; to sentence:宣判：对…作出判决；宣判
27e.g. The prisoner was ~ed to life imprisonment. Word formation:condemn=con+demn(damn)谴责，指责；诅咒con- (also col-, com-, cor-) with, togethere.g. conduct, collaborate, combine, correlate, etc.
28alternative n.The choice between two mutuallyexclusive possibilities.两者择一，抉择：对两个互相排斥的可能情况的选择e.g. There was no other alternative but to fight till the victory.除了战斗直到胜利,别无选择。
29Compare choice， alternative， preference， selection， election 这些名词中都表示选择的行为、能力或权力。Choice 广泛地指从一组人或物中进行选择的自由：The store offers a wide choice offruits and vegetables.商店提供许多可供选择的水果和蔬菜。Each of these nouns denotes the act, power, or right of choosing.Choice implies broadly the freedom to choose from a set, as of persons or things:
30I had no choice—their decision was final. 我没有选择的余地——他们的决定已成定局。Alternative 强调在只有两种可能性或者行为方式之间所作的选择：“An unhappy alternative is before you,Elizabeth Your mother will neversee you again if you do not marryMr. Collins, and I will never see youagain if you do ” (Jane Austen).Alternative emphasizes a choosing between only two possibilities or courses of action:Option often stresses a power or liberty to choose that has been granted, as by an authority:Option 常常侧重于已经被权威等所授予的一种选择能力或自由：The option lies between accepting the candidate the administration proposes and reconstituting the search committee.可以在接受由领导提名的候选人以及重组选拔委员会之间作出选择。Preference indicates choice based on one's values, bias, or predilections:“伊丽莎白，你面前摆着只有两种令人不快的选择。…如果你不 嫁给柯林斯先生，你母亲会再也不愿见到你，而如果你 要 嫁给他，我会再也不愿见到你” （简·奥斯丁）。
31Selection suggests a variety of things or persons to choose from: Preference 指基于个人价值观、偏见或偏好上的选择：We were offered our preference ofwines.我们可以选择自己喜欢的葡萄酒。Selection 含有可供选择的许多不同的人或物的意思：Parents should exercise care in theirselection of the movies their youngchildren see. 家长们在为他们年幼的孩子们挑选所看的电影时应小心谨慎。Selection suggests a variety of things or persons to choose from:
32Election especially emphasizes the use of judgment in choosing: The university recommends theelection of courses in composition andliterature.校方建议选择有关写作与文学的课程。Election especially emphasizes the use of judgment in choosing:
33If only... Subjunctive mood Translation practice: 如果我四级考试再多考一分就好了！ 如果老板能给我配一个笔记本电脑该有多好呀！If only I got one more point in my band-4 exam!If only my boss could have me equipped with a portable computer!
34A physician and medical researcher 冠词的用法:and连接的两个词只有一个冠词,表示的是同一个概念，同一人，同一事的时候，谓语动词用单数，如:The head master and mathematical teacher is coming.The head master and the mathematical teacher are coming.
35Q: This text is an Argumentation, or rather, a Refutation Q: This text is an Argumentation, or rather, a Refutation. (驳论) Read the introduction carefully and find the claim (the thesis) of the text.
36claim:scientists should or should not be allowed to experiment on animals.the writer proponentthe animal activists opponent
37Animal activists’ claims: Animal experimentation is __________. inhumaneunnecessaryHow do they support their claims?How does the writer attack their claims?Let’s go!
38address vt./n.1. to speak to~ed me in low tones2. to make a formal speech toThe football captain ~ed his team.3. to direct (a spoken or written message) to the attention of:提出：提交（口头或书面的报告）以引起…的注意：
39~ a protest to the committee 向委员会提交抗议书~ claims4. to mark with a destination:写地址：标注目的地address a letter.
40“I am the enemy!”(irony) It means the opposite of what it appears to say.In fact, the writer raises his strong voice:I am NOT the enemy!
41doctor 医生, 大夫, 尤其用于内科医生、牙医或 兽医 physician 内科医生 surgeon 外科医生 medicine pediatrician儿科医生medicine内科学surgerydoctor n.A person, especially a physician, dentist, or veterinarian, trained in the healing arts and licensed to practice.physician n.A person who practices general medicine as distinct from surgery.surgeonA physician specializing in surgery.pediatricianA physician who specializes in pediatrics.外科学,外科手术pediatrics小儿科
42“…circumstances against which medicine has made tremendousprogress, but still has far to go.”Medicine has made tremendous progress against (those) circumstances, but (medicine) still has far to go.as a defense/protectionagainst:
43how far have you got? [+with] So far so good. progress/succeedExpression:how far have you got? [+with]So far so good.sb. will/should go far: be successful in the futuree.g.How far did you get with the cleaning?She is an excellent musician andshould go far.To an advanced point or stage:进一步的阶段：到达前面的一点或程度：How far have you got? Used when asking or talking about how much of sth. sb. Has done or how much they have achieved?a brilliant student who will go far.会很有发展的聪明学生
44thanks to: as the result of, owing to Thanks to your help, we weresuccessful.Antonym: small thanks to (usedironically)We were successful, but small thanks to you.
45<attributive>My desire to tip the scales in favorof the healthy, happy children drewme to medical research.This sentence is a repetition of the 4th sentence. (L3)Paraphrase: My desire to keep children healthy and happy attracted me to medical research.
46tip the scales/balance: to give a slight advantage to sb. or sth.（喻）使形势朝…方向发展Your support tipped the balance in our favor.in favor of sb/ in sb’s favor1. to the advantage ofA university diploma is in your favor while applying for a job.
472. In support of; approving We are in favor of her promotion to president.Expressions:do sb a ~ask a ~ of sbowe sb a ~return a ~(fall) out of favorFall out of favor: stop being likedowe sb a favor (=feel that you should help someone because they have helped you):return a favor (=help someone because they have helped you):
48Main idea of P1 Animal-rights activists should not condemn me (the author) as if Iwere the enemy because I involvemyself in medical research onanimals for the purpose of keepingchildren healthy and happy.
49Q: The first 2 sentences of P2 are used to explain which ofthe following:animal experiments areinhumaneAnimal experiments areunnecessary
50Q: Which word in the first 2 sentences of P2 shows that myaccusers are not sure abouttheir claim?supposedly uncertainty oftheir claim
51Expressions of Purpose: serve a purpose The discussion serves a twin ~—instruction and feedback.on purposeJack’s been really annoying me and Ithink he’s doing it on ~.to good purposeWith good results.有益地，有成效地to little purpose或to no purposeWith few or no results.几乎徒劳的，少有成效地
52to good purpose/to no purpose: with good results or with no resultsShe has used her musical talents togood ~.
53Main idea of P2-3 The reasons why animal-rights activists are having their way.
54…publicity-conscious politicians increasingly give way to the demands of the activists.publicity-conscious: thinking a lot about public image of one’s owne.g. safety-conscious/fashion-~/self-~recipes for calorie-conscious slimmersself-conscious adj.Aware of oneself as an individual or of one's own being, actions, or thoughts.自我意识的，自觉的：作为个体或自己的存在、行动或思想意识到自己Socially ill at ease:忸怩的：怕难为情的：a self-conscious teenager.一个怕难为情的少年Excessively conscious of one's appearance or manner:有自我意识的：过分注重自己仪表或行为的：a young, self-conscious executive.过分注重仪表的执政官Showing the effects of self-consciousness; stilted:夸张的：表现得做作的；浮夸的：self-conscious prose.浮夸的散文slimmer n.<英>(通过节食、运动等)减轻体重者,减肥者
55give way1. to break because of too muchweight or pressure:The bridge eventually gave way.2. to be replaced by: [+to]Steam trains finally gave way toelectricity.3. to yield to:Alison is too stubborn to ~.
56Paraphrase: Politicians who are only concerned about their publicimages are yielding to the demandsof the activists more and more.
571. Being in or attaining the greatest or highest degree; very intense extreme adj.1. Being in or attaining the greatestor highest degree; very intense~ pleasure/ ~ pain.2. Extending far beyond the norm~ opinions3. Of the greatest severity; drastic~ penalty1. 极度的：在或到达最大或最高程度的；极度的2.过分的，过度的：远远超出正常标准的3.极度严格的；严峻的n. 极端，极度：最大或极限的程度或终点
58n.The greatest or utmost degree or point.Love and hate are two ~s.
59seize/hold/lose the initiative 掌握（失去）主动权；占（不占）优势 Expressions:seize/hold/lose the initiative掌握（失去）主动权；占（不占）优势The allied troops were quick to seizethe ~ and launched a massivecounterattack.take the initiative 率先；采取主动They took the initiative in trying to solve the problem.Initiative: the power to gain an advantage by taking actions that will influence eventstake the initiative: to be the 1st one to take action to improve a situation or relationship, esp when other people are waiting for sb. Else to do sth.:
60on one’s own initiative 自主的；主动地Lieutenant Carlos was not obeyingorders. He acted on his own ~.
61Compare the following words: initiate vt．initial adj.／n. initiative n.initiation n.Fill in the blank in each item.initiate vt．To set going by taking the first step;begin开始；展开最初的工作initial adj. Of, relating to, or occurring at thebeginning; first:开始的，与开始有关的，首先的Designating the first letter or lettersof a word.首字母的；一个单词的第一个或前几个字母n. The first letter of a proper name.专有名词的第一个字母Initiative n.The power or ability to begin or to follow through energetically with a plan or task; enterprise and determination.首创精神，进取心：开始并精力充沛地执行一项计划、任务的力量或能力；进取心和决心A beginning or introductory step; an opening move:率先，开端：开始的、初级的阶段；公开的行动：Initiation n.The act or an instance of initiating.开始：开始的动作或例子The process of being initiated.启蒙：被启蒙的过程The condition of being initiated.启蒙：被启蒙的状态A ceremony, ritual, test, or period of instruction with which a new member is admitted to an organization or office or to knowledge.入会仪式：表示一位新成员被组织或机构接纳或获得某种知识的典礼、仪式、考试或培训阶段
621.The two countries took the ＿＿＿ step toward reconciliation（和解）.2. Why don’t you take the ______and arrange a meeting?3. That superpower ______ tradewith developing nations.4. The _______ ceremony involves agood show of Chinese shadowboxing.initialinitiativeinitiatedinitiation
63Q: How to explain the word “frame” here Q: How to explain the word “frame” here? Is it a derogatory（贬义） or commendatory（褒义） word?frame: To make up evidence or contrive events so as to incriminate (a person) falsely.He was framed by the real criminals and became the victim of the evil and injustice.诬害捏造：为诬告（某人）而捏造证据或策划事件"他被真正的罪犯所诬陷,结果成了罪恶与不公正的牺牲品。"Let’s go!
64Paraphrase this sentence: Maybe we should fight againstthe activists by adopting theiremotional techniques andputting up posters of dyingchildren who would benefit fromanimal research.
65In P2-3, the author revealed several kinds of people and their attitudes towards the issue, list them.
66animal-rights protesters the most extreme/emotionalpublicindifferentpoliticiansIncreasingly giving way/yieldingother medical researchersinexcusably indifferent
67on these animals in the name of medical science is made Muchon these animals in the name ofmedical scienceis madeof the pain imposed.make (too) much of: to treat sth. as very importante.g. The press made too much of what was only meant as a joke.Don’t make too much of the lecture.Tr.不要夸大这个讲座。
68in sb’s/sth’s defence: sth you say or do in order to protect someoneor sth from criticismSpeaking in ~ of the proposal, hepointed out how much cheaper itwould be.
69Analyze the structure of the sentence. subjectattributivePhysicians hoping to relieve thepain and suffering these tragediescause have [but] three choices…objectpredicate
70…leave medical knowledge static, hoping that accidental discoverieswill lead us to the advances.Paraphrase:…stop seeking medical knowledge, hoping that we’ll make discoveries by accident.
71Q: Among the four choices suggested in P4-5, which oneis the only practical? Why?(Open)
72as is the case with: 正如，就是这种情况 e.g. Both of us are old, you can’texpect to score a hat-trick again, asis the case with me.
73Main idea of P4-5 Medical research on animals is the only possible way to make importantdiscoveries in medical science.
74of little value: almost not valuable His advice is of little value to ourplan.Other expressions:of little importance, of someservice/use, of great importance, ofsome historical significance, ofmuch/some, no account, etc.The size of your body is of little account; the size of your brain is of much account; the size of your heart is of the most account of all. -BC Forbes. 身体大小不重要，脑袋大小很重要，心灵大小最重要。
75impact: n.Strong impression or effect 影响；Forceful contact 冲击，碰撞give an ~ to 对…撞击Have/make an ~ on 对…有影响When the car hit the lamppost, the ~ broke the windscreen.
76Main Idea P6: Limiting medical research on animals will have severe effectsswhose impact will not be felt foryears.P7: If animal research is severelyrestricted, studies based on animalexperimentation will surely end.
77Yet our good fortune should not make us unappreciative of the health weenjoy or the advances that make itpossible.Paraphrase: However, our good luckshould not make us ungrateful for thegood health we enjoy or the advancesthat allow us to live happily.“it” here refers to “the (good) health (we enjoy).”
78undergo vt. [not in passive] Experience; pass through 经历；遭受The company underwent severalmajor changes.The patient underwent muchsuffering.The new product must undergo itstests before it is for sale.
79…out of the sight and thoughts of most of us: … beyond the range of visions and thoughts of the majority of us
80Q: What conclusion does the author arrive at about the claimsof the activists?The activists care more about a dog or a cat than about a dying human being.
81Main Idea P8: Animal-rights activists seem to live outside human reality and do notunderstand what human life anddeath means.P9: If an indifferent public cannot bestimulated to fight the activists, thelatter’s effort will severely affect thefuture of the human race.
82These people seem so isolated from the reality of human life anddeath and what it means.Paraphrase: these people seemto be kept apart from the reality ofhuman life and death and themeaning of life and death.
83The real question is whether an indifferent majority can be arousedto protect its future against a vocal,but misdirected, minority.An indifferent majority: the publicwho pay no attention to medicalresearch or animalsA vocal, but misdirected minority:the more radical members of animalrights movement
84Q: What is the tone of this paragraph? Objective, rational.
85I. Summarize the claims of the author and write an outline of thePart A.II. Word FormationIII. Reading Comprehension
86Give nouns of the following and sum up the rules in them: 1. entertain assortfail pressrefuse denyaccept allowdepend confidentpack marry2. social racialtrue warm
87real active 3. bore official friend leader child adult mouth hand loyal cruelreal active3. bore officialfriend leaderchild adultmouth handcigar kitchenbook pig
88Keyv.+suffix→n.-ment entertainment assortment-ure failure pressure-al refusal denial-ance acceptance allowance-ence dependence confidence-age package marriage
89a.+suffix→n.-ism socialism racialism/racism-th truth warmth-ty loyalty cruelty-ity reality activity
92Keywise judgmentgovernment agencypleasure principlemixture ratiogranting approvalarrival timefinancial assistanceself-relianceculture differencereference bookan act of heroismantiterrorisma shortage of watershrinkage limitfreedom from taxationthe kingdom of the imagination.health insurance
931. Animal-rights activists maintain that ____. Questions 1-5 are based on the passage in Part A1. Animal-rights activists maintain that ____.the use of animals for medical research has no significanceanimal experiments are cruel and unnecessary as wellMedicine has made tremendous progress without animal researchPublicity-conscious politicians should give way to their demand
942. Medical researchers remain indifferent to animal-right protestersbecause _____.they impose torture on animals in the name of medical sciencethey were not enthusiastic about the argumentthey feel complacent about the sense of the publicthey consider the claims of animal-rights activists reasonable
953. In the author’s opinion, computer modeling is of little value ____.when the complicated biological systems have not been exploredin the application of the laws of physics to airplane and automobile designwhile simulating the effects of well-understood principles on complicated systemsin the simulation of actual animal experiments
964. As a result of restricting animal research, ____.fundamental biological process will remain mysteries for yearsdrugs will be discovered only in the next decadesurgical techniques might have been developedthe decision-makers will be forgotten before long
975. If animal-right movement continues to be more radical ____.their efforts will make medical researchers search for suitable alternativesthe activists will make a significant contribution to the futurean indifferent public will be aroused to support medical researchit will cause an unnecessary loss of many human lives
986. The author has a fear of bargaining simply because ____. Questions 6-10 are based on the passage in Part B I6. The author has a fear of bargainingsimply because ____.he considers it is unnecessary to beat a price downhe probably has a mental disorderhe wants others to think highly of himhe likes to pay whatever someone asks him
997. The author didn’t go shopping with Sheldon any longer for ___.Sheldon was not so good at bargaining as the authorSheldon didn’t know much about goodsthey became bad friends since thenhe couldn’t buy that framed painting at a lower price
1008. The author bought a rug for his living room for ___ at last.$1,500$1,100$950$750
1019. The Armenian rug dealer kept bargaining in order to ___.get more pleasure out of it.sell his rug at a higher pricemake friends with his customersbe the object of ridicule of the rug industry
10210. The price named by the articles editor of Family Circle was ____.not accepted by the authorrefused by the author’s wifebargained by the authorless than $500
10311. Seth stayed long after his theft since ___. Questions are based on the passage in Part B II11. Seth stayed long after his theft since___.he felt uncertain whether he should commit the matter to the grocerhe was not known for concealing a pound of butter in his hathe wanted to satisfy his own appetite for funhe was attracted by the hot drink offered by the grocer
10412. Seth was planted in a seat close the stove where ____.he was surrounded by boxes and barrels and the grocerhe could have a glass filled with a streaming hot drinkhe was able to reach another pound of butterhe stuffed in as many sticks of wood as he could
10513. The butter concealed in the thief’s hat ____.Tore Seth away from the hot drink and stoveMade Seth’s hair stand on end and well oiledWas beginning to melt as Seth was pushed back into his seatSettled down to Seth’s chair and made him embarrassed
10614. As Seth lingered on in his seat, the waterfall of the melting butter ____.made Seth feel warm and sweatpoured down and soaked him from head to toesealed up Seth’s eyes and mouthkept Seth sit upright with his back against the counter
10715. The grocer ___ when the latter darted out the store at last.found the victim was unhappy about his thefttold Seth that his theft was discovered before longasked Seth to compensate for the loss of the storesatisfied his own appetite for fun to the utmost extent
108Questions 16-20 are based on the passage in Part B III 16. The main purpose of the author inparagraphs 2 and 3 is ___.to describe the different pyramids for women in employment in China and in Americato show the different attitudes of the Chinese and American women towards their jobsto tell the difference between the Chinese and American women in childcareto give reasons for the necessity of the second income
10917. Grandmothers in America ____. serve an invaluable function in taking care of their grandchildrenare proud of being housed and fed in their adult-children’s familiestend to feel they deserve to enjoy their old age without childcareenjoy their jobs and don not want to retire from their work
11018. On the job Chinese women seem ___.less self-conscious and nervous with their superiorsmore inclined to speak up to the bossmore bold to look for evidence of discrimination against themless sure of themselves than American women do in their workplaces
11119. One major difference between the Chinese and the American work situation isthat ____.American men are given more preference in job selection and promotionChinese couples can separate from each other for work to earn more moneyChinese like the jobs that keep husbands and wives separated for a few months.Americans cannot dream of husbands and wives being separated for long due to occupation
11220. An American woman is more concerned than a Chinese womanabout ___.Having a great deal of companionship in her work unitPresenting an attractive appearance to help her career progressShouldering the heavy burden of household dutiesMaking an attractive home to exhibit her own social status
113Key:B C A A DC B C A D11-15 D A C B D16-20 A C B D Bend