Presentation on theme: "Challenges in WEEE Recycling in Taiwan Ya-yun Wu Recycling Fund Management Board EPA, Taiwan."— Presentation transcript:
Challenges in WEEE Recycling in Taiwan Ya-yun Wu Recycling Fund Management Board EPA, Taiwan
Outline Introduction 4-in-1 Resources Recycling Program Recycling Management Foundation : Function & Operation Current Status of WEEE Recycling Prospect and Challenge Conclusion
Introduction The island of Taiwan is 394 km long, 144 km at its widest point, and shaped like a leaf. With a total area of nearly 36,000 sq. km Population: around 22 million Population density : 627 persons per sq. km
Introduction Article 15 of Waste Disposal Act (WDA) 1. Difficult to clear or dispose of 2. Contains a component that does not readily decompose over a long period 3. Contains hazardous substance 4. Is valuable for recycling and reuse Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) in Taiwan are separated into two parts: Electrical and Electronic Products and IT Product The recycling system of WEEE in Taiwan has existed since 1997.
Regulation Waste Disposal Act (WDA) The management measures for Responsible Enterprise Criteria governing methods and facilities for recycling, storage, clearance and disposal of Due Recycled Waste Management measures for application and review of subsidy regarding the recycling and disposal of Due Recycled Waste The operational measures of inspection and certification of Due Recycled Waste The management measures of scale, registration, cancellation of registration, reporting and other relevant matters of the recycling disposal enterprise
Manufacturers and importers must pay a resource recycling fee to the Recycling Management Fund based on the sales/import amount. Responsibility Article 16 of WDA The Responsible Enterprise and the recycling, disposal enterprise may apply with the Resources Recycling Management Fund for subsidy. Incentive Article 18 of WDA
4-in 1 Resources Recycling Program: Establishment & Execution Community residents Recycling company Local Government EPB Recycling Fund Governmental Recycling System Funding Sources Waste Generators Private Recycling System (C)Local Government Government Collecting System. Assort & Categorize. (B)Recycling Company Private enterprise. Response for proper separation and treatment of recyclable resources (A)Community residents Waste generators. Waste collectors - Based Recycling Organization. (D)Recycling Fund Government department. Establish and manage the resource recycling system.
Recycling Management Foundation : Function & Operation Recycling Management Fund Pay Recycle fee sale quantity item & quantity Establish recycling system The Billing Review Board Recycling Fund Management Board Supervisory committee for verification organizations Management Set recycling fee Set Recycling Management Foundation Set verification standards subsidy manufacturers, importers and retailers of mandatory recycling items Verification organization Recycling Responsibility Handler & Processor Collector Local Bureau Schools Organizations Retail stores others Recycling System
Current Status of WEEE Recycling Mandatory Recycling Items of WEEE: Electrical and Electronic Products: TV, Refrigerator, Washing Machine, Air Conditioner, and Fans. IT Products: PC, Monitor, Notebook, Printer (laser type, Ink-jet type, and Dot- matrix type), and Keyboard
Responsibility and Incentive (I) YearRecycling Fee (NT/unit)Subsidy (NT/unit) TVRefrigeratorWashing Machine Air Conditioner TVRefrigeratorWashing Machine Air Conditioner >25inchs<25inchs>250l<250l
Responsibility and Incentive (II) Year Recycling Fee (NT/unit)Subsidy (NT/unit) PCMonitorNotebook Printer PCMonitorNotebookPrinter Laser type Ink-jet type Dot-Matrix type
Plant*2*1 Taoyuan County Plant*2 Miaoli County Plant *5*4 Kaohsiung County WEEE Treatment Plant The Location of Treatment Plant Plant*1*1 Taipei County Plant*2*1 Pindon County Plant*1*1 Taichung County Plant *1 Tainan County
Treatment Process Waste computers dismount shatteredseparated iron aluminum plastic PC board other metals glass refine precious metals others: battery, fluorescent powder etc.
Waste IT Object Recycling Flow-chart Generation (Recycling) Source Recycling Organization Resource Plant (Facility) Consum er Retailer Local public service others Non-useful usef ul Storage Second hand market Public Organizati on Notebook Main board Hard Drive Power Supply Shell Monitor Treatmen t plant Resources Other end users Iron Plastics Others Non- resources Landfill Fluorescent powder 、 Capacitor Refining precious metal Glass Printer
Treatment Process TV treatment areaWashing Machine treatment area Air conditioner treatment area Refrigerator treatment area
Refrigerator Treatment Process (I) Transport on disassembly line Removal of front doorPumping out refrigerant Entering crusherRecovery of materials
Refrigerator Treatment Process (II) CCTV
IT Treatment Process
Results of Recycling (I)
Results of Recycling (II)
Prospect and Challenges Develop and introduce higher-lever recycling technology in order to promote the recycling and reuse rate. Evaluate and increase recycling items gradually by year. Provide incentive for environmental design. Reexamine and modify the incentive and environmental effects of Recycling-and- Treatment Fee system. Implement Extended Producer Responsibility.
Conclusion Taiwan's WEEE recycling system will keep developing. Our goal is to establish a sustainable and zero waste society.
Thank you! We appreciate your comments and suggestions 26
Announcement October, 2007 International Conference & Exhibition on Resource Recycling--Taiwan’07 For more information, please contact Ms Ya-ju Tsai,