200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 Mendel Probability Inheritance of alleles Patterns.

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200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 Mendel Probability Inheritance of alleles Patterns Of INHERITANCE Genetic Misc

Father of genetics ?

Gregor Mendel

Three reasons why did Mendel use pea plants?

Reproduction rate, visible traits, easy to cross

Mendel determined that __ traits will always show if there is an allele for it.

Dominant

State the principle of segregation,

Allleles separate during meiosis

State the principle of independent assortment and give an example.

Alleles for one characteristic assort or divide up among the gametes during meiosis, independently of alleles for other characterisitics example: Dihybrid cross

What is probability?

Chance of an event happening

How is probability figured?

# of events of choice /# of possible events

How do you calculate the chance of two individual events happening?

Multiple the individual chances.

The larger the sample the __ the deviation.

less

How is deviation computed?

Expected-actual + expected- actual/# of attempts

What are the chance when tossing 2 coins to get H/T?

50%

The exact same alleles

homozygous

What gametes can be produced from TtGg?

TG, Tg, tG, tg

What is the genotype ratio of the cross of two monohybrid heterozygous traits?

1 homozygous dominant:2 heterozygous:1 homozygous recessive.

If G is green and g is yellow If R is round and r is wrinkled If T is tall and t is short What is the genotype for:Heterozygous green, wrinkled, homozygous tall plant? And what gametes could be produced?

GgrrTT GrT, grT

What is the phenotype ratio of a dihybrid heterozygous cross?

9:3:3:1

What is X linked?

Alleles found only on the X chromosome

Cattle with Roan coat (red and white) are the result of ___ pattern of inheritance

Codominace

What three patterns of inheritance do blood types display

Codominance, dominant/recessive, multiple alleles

A mother with type O blood and father with type AB blood could have children with what types of blood? phenotypes

A, B

What happens when different blood types mix?

Blood clots/clumps because the anti bodies are attacking the foreign substance.

Universal blood donor?

Type O

What genotype can not be determined by the phenotype?

Heterozygous

Picture of the paired chromosomes

karyotype

Is it possible for a female to be colorblind-explain your answer

Yes. Father is CB and mom is either Cb or a carrier

What type of inheritance might this show?

Multigene, or multifactorial trait

Cause of most extra chromosomal disorders.

nondisjunction

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