Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Published byDelilah Anthony Modified over 2 years ago

1
THE DIHYBRID CROSS Studying the inheritance of two characters simultaneously © 2007 Paul Billiet ODWSODWS

2
Mendel’s peas CharacterTraitAllele Seed shapeRound Wrinkled Cotyledon colourYellow Green © 2007 Paul Billiet ODWSODWS

3
Combinations GenotypePhenotype Round Yellow Round Green Wrinkled Yellow Wrinkled Green © 2007 Paul Billiet ODWSODWS

4
Is the inheritance of one character affected by the inheritance of another? P Phenotypesx(Pure Bred) F 1 PhenotypesAll(Selfed) F 2 Phenotypes Seedcolour YellowGreenTOTALRATIO SeedRound315108423 shapeWrinkled10132133 TOTAL416140556 RATIO © 2007 Paul Billiet ODWSODWS

5
A dihybrid cross can be treated as two separate monohybrid crosses The expected probability of each type of seed can be calculated: Probability of an F 2 seed being round = Probability of an F 2 seed being wrinkled = Probability of an F 2 seed being yellow = Probability of an F 2 seed being green = © 2007 Paul Billiet ODWSODWS

6
Therefore Probability of an F 2 seed being round and yellow = ¾ x ¾ = 9/16 =56.25% Probability of an F 2 seed being round and green = Probability of an F 2 seed being wrinkled and yellow = Probability of an F 2 seed being wrinkled and green = © 2007 Paul Billiet ODWSODWS

7
Predicting how many seeds we could expect to get in a sample We could expect What Mendel observed 556 x 9/16 round yellow313315 556 x 3/16 round green108 556 x 3/16 wrinkled yellow101 556 x 1/16 wrinkled green32 © 2007 Paul Billiet ODWSODWS

8
THE LAW OF INDEPENDENT ASSORTMENT It appears that the inheritance of seed shape has no influence over the inheritance of seed colour The two characters are inherited ___________________ The pairs of alleles that control these two characters assort themselves independently © 2007 Paul Billiet ODWSODWS

9
Mendel & Meiosis The pairs of chromosomes could orientate in different ways at Anaphase 1 © 2007 Paul Billiet ODWSODWS

10
PPhenotypesRound Yellow seed XWrinkled Green seed (Pure bred) GenotypesRRYYrryy meiosis GametesRYry fertilisation F1F1 PhenotypesRrYy(Selfed) GenotypesRound Yellow Proportions100% Dihybrid cross genetic diagram © 2007 Paul Billiet ODWSODWS

11
F1F1 PhenotypesRrYy(Selfed) GenotypesRound Yellow Proportions100% meiosis GametesYy R r Dihybrid cross genetic diagram © 2007 Paul Billiet ODWSODWS

12
GametesYy RRYRy rrYry fertilisation F2F2 GenotypesRYRyrYry RY Ry rY ry Dihybrid cross genetic diagram © 2007 Paul Billiet ODWSODWS

13
Dihybrid cross proportions PhenotypesProportions Round Yellow9/16 or56.25% Round Green Wrinkled Yellow Wrinkled Green © 2007 Paul Billiet ODWSODWS

14
Dihybrid test cross In monohybrid crosses, to know if a dominant trait is homozygous (RR) or heterozygous (Rr) it is necessary to carry out a _____________ This is done with a ___________________ (rr) individual The same is true for a dihybrid cross where the test cross is made with an individual which is homozygous recessive for ______ characters (rryy) © 2007 Paul Billiet ODWSODWS

15
Dihybrid test cross PhenotypesX Genotypes Gametes GenotypesRYRyrYry PhenotypesRound Yellow Round Green Wrinkled Yellow Wrinkled Green Proportions © 2007 Paul Billiet ODWSODWS

Similar presentations

OK

Definition Crosses looking at two traits simultaneously Mendels law of segregation states that Mendels law of independent assortment states that.

Definition Crosses looking at two traits simultaneously Mendels law of segregation states that Mendels law of independent assortment states that.

© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

Ads by Google

Ppt on business cycle phases in order Ppt on management by objectives peter Ieee papers ppt on sustainable buildings Ppt on programmable logic array tutorial Ppt on juvenile rheumatoid arthritis Free ppt on arithmetic progression for class 10 Ppt on phase sequence checker for three phase supply Edit ppt on google drive Ppt on 2-stroke petrol engine Sense organs for kids ppt on batteries