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1. Nagyágyúk - Enterprise storage megoldások Grósz Attila IBM - Storage Tech. Spec.

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Presentation on theme: "1. Nagyágyúk - Enterprise storage megoldások Grósz Attila IBM - Storage Tech. Spec."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Nagyágyúk - Enterprise storage megoldások Grósz Attila IBM - Storage Tech. Spec.

3 3 IBM System Storage DS8870 – Enterprise Tároló  IBM POWER7 alapú kontrollerek  2-16 Processzor Core vezérlőnként  Cache skálázódás GB -ig  Az Energy Star –nak megfelelő fogyasztás  Új dedikált Ultra SSD I/O Drawer  IBM POWER7 alapú kontrollerek  2-16 Processzor Core vezérlőnként  Cache skálázódás GB -ig  Az Energy Star –nak megfelelő fogyasztás  Új dedikált Ultra SSD I/O Drawer Több mint 17,000 rendszer világszerte!!

4 4 SPC-1 throughput of 451,082 IOPS #1 result for single, enterprise-class all-HDD system 67% faster than HDS VSP EMC doesn’t even publish their results SPC-2 throughput of 15,424 MB/s #1 result for two of three benchmarks 59% faster than DS % faster than HDS VSP Kimagasló teljesítmény IBM POWER7-based controllers Over 1 TB of system cache Solid-state drives for lightning-fast response times Az eredmények önmagukért beszélnek SPC Benchmark 1 (SPC-1) results page - SPC Benchmark 2 (SPC-2) results page -

5 Smarter Storage™ Economic Impact 28% lower TCO than EMC; 31% lower in tiered configs. Synergy Competitors often lag on features; some never supported Performance SPC-1 #1 result; SAP world record performance Reliability/Availability % uptime Security/Protection Robust data protection; advanced copy services Ease of Use Rapid deployment; faster provisioning & management

6 6

7 7 XIV sikerek és folyamatos fejlesztés!  Több mint 6,400 üzemelő XIV rendszer - Dec, 2012 – >1, ben  Kimagasló ár/teljesítmény arány –Nagy kapacitású diszkek, kis helyigény –Kiváló teljesítmény IP kapcsolattal - 10GbE  Hypervisor integráció (SCVMM, SRM, VAAI, vCenter)  IBM SmartCloud és OpenStack megoldások  Ultra-könnyű menedzsment –XIV Multi-System Manager –Autonóm adat allokáció - cloud provisioning –Extrém hatékonyság és flexibilitás: PB –os nagyságrend  Rendelkezésre állás %  Egyre több cloud rendszer XIV alapokon 7

8 8 8 XIV Module UPS XIV Module Host FC InfiniBand iSCSI Host Data Modules Data Modules Interface Modules Interface Modules XIV Gen3 Model 214 architektúra  InfiniBand interconnect  Updated modules –1 six-core CPU –High efficiency Power Supplies –24GB DRAM cache –400GB SSD read cache (optional) –12 1TB, 2TB, 3TB SAS disks –PCIe 2.0 bus  Full Rack – 81TB / 161TB / 243TB –15 modules –180 SAS disks –360GB DRAM cache –24 8Gb FC ports –6TB SSD read cache (optional) –12x 10GbE / 22x 1GbE iSCSI ports  Partial Rack – 6,9-14 Modules SSD

9 9 XIV Model New CPU  New 6-core CPU –Intel Xeon E5645 –2.4 GHz Sized to support module I/O processing Key benefit of XIV architecture –XIV uses Intel Hyper-Threading Delivers 2 logical processing threads per physical core 6 physical CPUs per module 12 logical CPUs per module 15 Module system 90 physical cores 180 logical cores (hyper-threading)  Support for: –New high-speed iSCSI interfaces Utilizes Light Weight IP Stack (LWIP) –Platform for future hardware/software enhancements Multiprocessing 2-core processor Multiprocessing 2-core processor with Hyper-Threading XIV 6-core CPU with hyper-threading

10  Features –Higher performance - Up to 5x sequential performance increase in iSCSI throughput Faster 10Gb iSCSI hardware XIV v11.2 code changes  Value –Enable more cost effective, high performance IP SAN based cloud and virtualization environments OpenStack cloud environments use only iSCSI protocol iSCSI gaining acceptance in virtual server development and test environments –Often required in RFQs  Configuration options –XIV model 214 Order new 10Gb f/c 2115 (1TB IM, 2125 (2TB IM), 2135 (3TB IM) Two 10Gb/sec iSCSI ports per active Interface Module Gb/sec iSCSI ports max - OR - Four 1Gb/sec iSCSI ports per active Interface Module Gb/sec iSCSI ports max No intermix of 1Gb/sec and 10Gb/sec within XIV Currently no upgrade MES from 1Gb/sec to 10Gb/sec iSCSI Natural for RPQ –Previous XIV models - no support for 10Gb iSCSI –Requires new 4.1 XIV GUI 10 XIV Model Gb/sec iSCSI Host Ports Mellanox ConnectX®-2

11 Február XIV bejelentés Announce: February 5, 2013; General Availability: March 7, 2013 Price-performance efficiencies for cloud and virtualization Higher performance and availability, ALWAYS tuning-free Reduced TCO through energy efficiency and capacity optimization Up to 5X 10Gb iSCSI throughput Windows Server 2012 support Bullet-proof cost-effective speed for IP-based SANs Value for Microsoft Hyper-V, VSS, and MSCS Up to 4.5X boost in DB performance with enhanced SSD caching Up to 13.7 GB/s sequential read per rack Dramatically reduced drive rebuild times OLTP Tier-1 applications High throughput for Analytics, Streaming Media, and Backup XIV provides the lowest rebuild times of a 2TB drive in 26 minutes at 100% utilization Up to 16% reduced power consumption Extended Space Reclamation/UNMAP Reduce $ and carbon footprint Stretch your TBs ; defer CapEx Efficient thin provisioning 11

12 12 XIV Mobile Dashboard – iPhone, iPad

13 13 IBM RamSan

14 14

15 15 TMS History RamSan-710: 5 TB SLC Flash, 4 FC (8 Gb)/IB (QDR) RamSan-70: 900 GB SLC Flash, PCIe x8 2.0 RamSan-640: 8 TB SLC Flash, 10 FC (8 Gb)/IB (QDR) RamSan-630: 10 TB SLC Flash, 10 FC (8 Gb)/IB (QDR) RamSan-620: 5 TB SLC Flash, 8 FC (4 Gb) RamSan-20: 450 GB SLC Flash, PCIe x4 RamSan-440: 512 GB RAM, 8 FC (4 Gb) RamSan-500: 2 TB SLC Flash, 64 GB RAM, 8 FC (4 Gb) RamSan-400: 128 GB RAM, 8 FC (4 Gb), 4 IB (4x) RamSan-320: 64 GB RAM, 8 FC (2 Gb) RamSan-210/220: 32 GB RAM, 4 FC (2 Gb) SAM-350/SAM-450: DSP system SAM 500: DSP/SSD, 64 GB RAM, 15 FC (1 Gb) SAM-2000: DSP system CMPS: custom SSD for Gulf Oil Custom systems for seismic industry Company founded by Holly Frost RamSan-810: 10 TB eMLC Flash, 4 FC (8 Gb)/IB (QDR) RamSan-820: TB eMLC Flash, 4 FC (8 Gb)/IBRamSan-720: 5/10 TB SLC Flash, 4 FC (8 Gb)/IB

16 16 Alkalmazási területek OLTP Adatbázisok –Financial, gaming, real-time billing, trading, real-time monitoring, query acceleration (DB2/Oracle), etc. Analítikus alkalmazások (OLAP) –Business intelligence, batch processing, ERP systems, reporting, massive data feeds, etc. Virtuális infrastruktúrák –VDI, Consolidated virtual infrastructures, user profiles, etc. HPC rendszerek –Simulation, modeling, rendering, FS metadata, scratch space, video on demand, thread efficiency, etc. Felhő/Cloud architektúrák –On-demand computing, content distribution, web, caching, metadata, GPFS, active file management, etc.

17 17 Gondoljuk csak meg ! IOPS Vs Latency Time Processing Data Vs Waiting Consistent Vs Variable Performance $/IO Vs $/GB

18 A “Flash” világa Legjobb válaszidő Nagyon drága Konzisztens teljesítmény Kis késleletetés Viszonylag jó késleltetés Drága HDD Nem egyenletes teljesítmény Alacsony teljesítmény Kis költség Server Flash SAN Shared Flash Only Array Hybrid Array or SAN SSD Array HDD Server SSD ηs ms sec us Tier or Cache

19 19 RamSan Portfolió HA

20 20 Shared Flash - SLC RamSan-720 With 2D Flash RAID™ 6 or 12 TB 5 or 10 TB w/RAID 500K IOPS 5 GB/s 25/80 μs latency (W/R) 4x IB or FC ports 1U rack mount RamSan TB 450K IOPS 4 GB/s 25/90 μs latency (W/R) 4x IB or FC ports 1U rack mount

21 21 Shared Flash - eMLC RamSan-820 With 2D Flash RAID™ 12 or 24 TB 10 or 20 TB w/RAID 450K IOPS 4 GB/s 25/110 μs latency (W/R) 4x IB or FC ports 1U rack mount RamSan TB 400K IOPS 4 GB/s 25/110 μs latency (W/R) 4x IB or FC ports 1U rack mount

22 22 RamSan-720/820 Architektúra Redundant Power Supplies Redundant Fans 12 Flash Modules (10+1+1) (module + extension board) 40 Flash Chips per Module (4 x 9+1 VSR groups) 1U Chassis N+1 batteries Redundant Management Control Processors Redundant RAID controllers Two Dual-Ported 8 Gb/s FC or 40 Gb/s QDR IB Interfaces

23 23 Flash Module Architecture RamSan-820 Primary Flash Board 1TB eMLC Flash Expansion Flash Board 1TB eMLC Flash

24 24 Primary Flash Board 1TB eMLC Flash Expansion Flash Board 1TB eMLC Flash Series-7 Flash Controller™ 2 per Board 4 per Module eMLC Flash Chips 20 per Flash Controller 40 per Board, 80 per Module Interface Processor Dual ports to backplane Flash Module Architecture RamSan-820

25 25 Flash Module Architecture Expansion Board (optional) Series-7 Flash Controller™ 2 per Board 2 or 4 per Module Flash Chips 20 per Flash Controller 40 per Board 40 or 80 per Module dataXOR parity Distributed across ALL Chips Primary Board Gateway Interface & Control PPC Dual ports to backplane

26 26  Hardveres adatútvonal extrém alacsony késleltetéssel Egyedi FPGA-alapú adatmozgatás csökkenti a késleltetést (vs. SW)  Disztributált adatútvonalon kívüli CPU feldolgozás  High Performance (IOPS), High Bandwidth “ Our Symmetrix-VMAX Enginuity consists of millions of lines of code.” “You cannot increase performance by adding lines of code.” Hogy épül fel ? - ‘The World’s Fastest Storage’ RAID Controllers IO Modules Flash Modules 12x 16 PPC CPUs

27 27 Flash Quality Matters!

28 28 TMS Flash védelmi megoldások

29 29 Az adatkorrekció 4 rétege RamSan-720/820 introduce System-Level RAID 5 across Flash modules, plus the other mechanisms found on all RamSan Flash storage systems. 2D Flash RAID TM * RamSan 720/820 Only

30 30 RAID 5 across Flash Modules (10 data + 1 parity + 1 hot spare) External Interfaces (FC, IB) RAID Controllers RAID 5 within Flash Modules (9 data + 1 parity) TMS 2D Flash RAID™ 2D Flash RAID™ (RamSan 720 / 820)

31 31 Variable Stripe RAID™ (VSR)  Patented VSR allows RAID stripe sizes to vary.  If one die fails in a ten-chip stripe, only the failed die is bypassed, then data is restriped across the remaining nine chips.  VSR reduces maintenance intervals caused by Flash failures … … … 16 Planes 10 Chips FAIL

32 32 RamSan Benefit Time I/O Serviced by Disk 1. Issue I/O request (~ 100 μs) 2. Wait for I/O to be serviced(~ 5,000 μs) 3. Process I/O (~ 100 μs) Time to process 1 I/O request = 200 μs + 5,000 μs = 5,200 μs CPU Utilization = Wait time / Processing time = 200 / 5,200 = ~4% Processing ~100µs Waiting ~5000 µs Texas Memory Systems, Inc. - The World's Fastest Storage® CPU State 1 I/O Request

33 33 RamSan Benefit Time I/O Serviced by Ramsan 1. Issue I/O request (~ 100 μs) 2. Wait for I/O to be serviced(~ 200 μs) 3. Process I/O (~ 100 μs) Time to process 1 I/O request = 200 μs μs = 400 μs CPU Utilization = Wait time / Processing time = 200 / 400 = ~50% Processing ~100µs Waiting ~200 µs Texas Memory Systems, Inc. - The World's Fastest Storage® CPU State 1 I/O Request 12X Application benefit by only changing storage latency!

34 34 Performance Scenario: Oracle RAC, 4 Nodes Enterprise Array, No Flash RamSan 2 million queries minutes to complete 16K Total IOPS 4K per RAC Node [oracle]$ time./spawn_50.sh real 12m15.434s user 0m5.464s sys 0m4.031s 2 million queries minutes to complete 16K Total IOPS 4K per RAC Node [oracle]$ time./spawn_50.sh real 12m15.434s user 0m5.464s sys 0m4.031s 2 million queries 1.3 minutes to complete 160K Total IOPS 40K per RAC Node [oracle]$ time./spawn_50.sh real 1m19.838s user 0m4.439s sys 0m3.215s 2 million queries 1.3 minutes to complete 160K Total IOPS 40K per RAC Node [oracle]$ time./spawn_50.sh real 1m19.838s user 0m4.439s sys 0m3.215s A factor of over 9x improvement!

35 35 85% Reduction In batch processing times 90% Reduction In OLTP times µs Latency 80% Reduction Energy Usage TMS hatása 75% Footprint Reduction Store one petabyte in a single floor tile. Add compression and add up to 100% more Enterprise Reliability High Availability, 2D Flash RAID TM and Variable Stripe RAID TM Azonnali teljesítmény újra-tervezés nélkül !

36 Köszönöm !

37 37 Miért IBM TMS?

38 38 TMS RamSan or EasyTier SSD/HDD blend? Good price / performance. Everyday use, ok for novices. *Shared* across applications. Raw performance, not "feature" focus. Use cases: highly tuned databases for retail, trading, service provider, carrier  Slot-SSD EasyTier IOPS R/W Latency µs R/W RamSan-820 RamSan-720 RamSan-70 integrate PCI Flash cards (read cache) for standalone databases. PowerPC for mgmt, FPGAs for data transfer DS8000 V7000 SVC DS8000 V7000 SVC


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