Hitler’s Lightning War Why was Germany able to take over countries so quickly?
Blitzkrieg on Western Front Sept 1939: Germany uses a “blitzkrieg” (lightning war) in W. Poland Blitzkrieg is a surprise attack using fast moving airplanes w/ relentless bombing, tanks & massive troop deployment Sept 1939-March 1940: after Stalin invades E. Poland, he annexes three Baltic countries & Finland as a “buffer” zone Mar 1940: Allies mobilize their army on French-German border Allies wait, Germany doesn’t attack – “phony war” Apr 1940: Hitler attacks Denmark & Norway (bases for later attack) May 1940: Hitler blitzkriegs Netherlands, Belgium, & Luxembourg Fall of France From Belgium, German troops get passed French Magnoit Line May 1940: French troops are trapped at coastline. Rescue at Dunkirk British citizens use 850 boats during Rescue at Dunkirk
Map Time! Stripe 26, 27, 28 and 29 in red Stripe 6,7,8,10,11 in green 28 27 29 8
June 1940: Germans enter Paris, France has fallen Germans split France into two zones: 1)Germany controls north 2) Petain, a French General loyal to Hitler controls south, Vichy France French general Charles de Gaulle who fled to London, will try to inspire French resistance We Will Return Charles De Gaulle Henri Phillipe Petain
Battle of Britain August 1940: Germany tries to take out the British Airforce (RAF) – New PM Churchill in charge of GB S ept 1940: German Luftwaffe (airforce) led by Hermann Goering begins bombing RAF sites Oct 1940: Radar & a German code machine called Enigma, help British Stunned by the resistance Hitler calls off attacks – proves Germany can be stopped! We Shall Never Surrender! Winston Churchill However, Hitler changes the strategy to begin bombing British cities, known as “The Blitz”.
Map Time ! Stripe 5 in green, put green “x’s in 5b, green x’s in German Allies xxxxx Color #1 in blue, color Allies on key in blue 27 28 29 VQ: What advantages did the Royal Airforce (RAF) have over the German Luftwaffe (Airforce)? VQ: What crucial mistake did Hitler make in the Battle of Britain?