Presentation on theme: "Aggressors on the March"— Presentation transcript:
1Aggressors on the March How does the world react to the expansion of Italy, Germany & Japan?
2Hitler Expands the Reich In 1935, Hitler announces he will no longer abide by the Treaty of VersaillesHitler begins to expand his armyThe League of Nations condemns his actionsHitler states he will also take back land unfairly taken from Germany#1 Saar RegionAfter WWI, this German territory was governed by the League of NationsAfter 15 years, the people would vote on their futureThe Nazis begin a propaganda campaignThe people of the Saar vote to rejoin Germany (80% of vote)#2 The RhinelandThe Rhineland was a demilitarized buffer zone between France & Germany1936-Hitler invades the RhinelandFrench unwilling to risk warBritish urge appeasement, which is giving into an aggressor to keep peace
3Map Time! Please color area #9 (Germany/East Prussia) Purple Stripe purpleColor purplePlease color area #9 (Germany/East Prussia) PurpleColor Germany Box Purple and stripe the German Occupation Box - PurpleHitler has taken the Rhineland- please stripe area 5C in Purple
4Hitler later admits that if Britain and France would have challenged him in the Rhineland, he may have backed downIn 1936, Hitler convinces Mussolini to sign an alliance with Germany called the Berlin-Rome AxisHitler’s troops take the Rhineland#3 Annexation of AustriaIn 1937, Hitler annexes his homeland of AustriaThe Treaty of Versailles forbids the alliance of Austria and GermanyFrance & Britain choose appeasementBecomes
5Map Time! Hitler has taken Austria Please stripe area 16 purple Stripe purpleAustriais now mine!Hitler has taken AustriaPlease stripe area 16 purple
6#4 The SudetenlandIn 1938, Hitler turns his attention to a section of Czechoslovakia called the Sudetenland, in which 3 million German-speaking people liveHitler demands Czechoslovakia give him this territoryThe Czechs ask France for helpHitler invades the Sudetenland, France & Britain prepare for warMussolini suggests a conference between Britain, France, Italy, and GermanyCzechoslovakia is not invitedAt the Munich Conference, Britain & France agree to let Hitler take the Sudetenland as long as Hitler respects Czechoslovakia’s new borders#5 CzechoslovakiaSix months later, Hitler invades CzechoslovakiaAppeasement proves to Hitler that France & Britain are not willing to risk war
8Map Time! Hitler has taken Czechoslovakia Please stripe area 14 purple Stripe purple
9Mussolini Makes His Move EthiopiaJust as Hitler wanted more land, so does MussoliniMussolini wants to gain land that Italy had missed out on in the pastItaly had lost a chance at Ethiopia during the “Scramble for Africa”In October of 1935, Mussolini invades EthiopiaThe LON condemns the action, but is powerless to helpBritain even allows Italian troops to pass thru the Suez CanalBritain figures if Mussolini has Ethiopia, there will be peace in EuropeSellassie:We need help!Chamberlain:Sorry, but wechoose Appeasement
10Mussolini takes Albania After the Munich Conference, both Hitler & Mussolini know that the League of Nations is powerless & that Britain & France will choose appeasementAfter returning from the Munich Conference, British PM Neville Chamberlain states “he has brought peace with honor”After Hitler takes Czechoslovakia, Mussolini invades Albania“My good friends, for the second time in our history, a British Prime Minister has returned from Germany bringing peace with honor. I believe it is peace for our time”.
11Map Time!Stripe orangePlease color Italy’s box orange in the legend and stripe Italian occupation orangePlease color Italy (18) & Libya orangeMussolini takes AlbaniaPlease stripe area #20 orangeEthiopia &Albania are mine!
12Japan Seeks An EmpireWhen the Great Depression hits Japan, many people blame the civilian government that is running the countryMilitary leaders soon win control of the countryHowever, unlike the Fascists they do not try to change the form of government and keep Emperor Hirohito as the head of stateThis wins popular support for the new military leadersHowever, the military leaders are extreme nationalists & believe that expanding Japan’s empire will solve the economic problemsInvasion of ManchuriaJapanese businesses has heavily invested in the Chinese province of Manchuria. The area was rich in iron & coalIn 1931, Japan invades ManchuriaThe League of Nations condemns the invasion. Japan quits LONJapan creates a puppet government and the province is considered its own country called Manchukuo
13Map Time! Please color Japan (1), Korea (2), and Taiwan (3) red Japan has invaded ManchuriaPlease stripe area #4 in redTime to expand!!
14Japanese army opens fire on the KMT Japan Invades ChinaIn 1937, a border skirmish occurs between the Japanese Army and the Chinese KMT ArmyJapanese army opens fire on the KMTJapan then invades China, Chaing Kai-Shek’s KMT army was no match for the Japanese ArmyJapan captures the capital city of NankingKMT’s Chiang Kai-Shek & the Communist Mao Zedong to join forcesJapan signs an alliance agreement with Germany & Italy forming the Axis PowersSecond world war is coming!
15Map Time! Japan has invaded parts of China Please stripe eastern part of #7 up to the dotted lines
16The Final Straw – The Invasion of Poland #6 In 1939, Hitler demands Poland return the Danzig regionbarrier between East Prussia & the rest of GermanyThe Poles refuse & turn to Britain & France for helpBritain & France were also negotiating with the Soviet Union for helpStalin was also secretly negotiating with HitlerThe Soviet Union & Germany sign a non-aggression pactOn September 1st, 1939 – Hitler invades and annexes W. PolandStalin sends Soviet troops into Eastern PolandBritain & France declare war on Germany
17Map Time!Hitler has invaded Poland Stripe the western half of #13 purpleColor the Soviet Union (#25) RedStalin has invaded Poland, stripe the eastern half of #13 in redMake sure to color your legend, solid red for Soviet Union, striped red for Soviet Occupation