Word File Sentences Patterns Expansion Writing Practice
I. sayings about “love” ‧ Love is blind. 愛是盲目的。 ‧ Love me, love my dog. 愛屋及烏。 ‧ Love thy neighbor as thyself. 愛鄰如己。 ‧ Love is without reason. 愛情是沒有什麼道理的。
I. sayings about “love” ‧ Where there is love in the heart, there is joy in the home. 心中有愛，家庭和樂。 ‧ It is better to have loved and lost than never to have loved at all. 愛過卻失去所愛勝於從未愛過。
II. gender suffixes Male: -er/-or Female: -ess waiter 侍者 waitress 女侍者 author 作家 authoress 女作家 actor 演員 actress 女演員 tiger 老虎 tigress 母老虎 mayor 市長 mayoress 女市長， 市長夫人 Back
Expansion I. Pay It ForwardPay It Forward II. More About Kind ActsMore About Kind Acts
I. Pay It Forward To make the world a better place to live, your class gets a plan called “Pay It Forward.” In the plan, every receiver of a kind act should repay the kindness by doing 2 kind acts for 2 other persons. Each time an act of kindness is performed, write it on a strip of paper.
Form the pieces of the paper into a circle. Put different circles together as shown below. After a week, check how long your chain of love is and you can share your feelings about the plan with one another.
II. More About Kind Acts You are going to hear a conversation between Linda and Danny. Listen carefully. Then, indicate “T” (True) or “F” (False) for the following statements.
T F □ □ 1. Danny was helping the earthquake victims. □ □ 2. The Red Cross helped Danny's family after a severe earthquake. □ □ 3. Danny works full-time for the Red Cross. □ □ 4. The Red Cross provided food and medical help for the flood victims. □ □ 5. Linda didn't do anything to help the flood victims. Back
Defining a Term
A definition is any writing that tries to give and pin down the meaning of a word. Definitions are usually necessary, especially when the word is either unclear, technical, or its meaning is in dispute. In defining a word, you may use one or a combination of the following strategies:
1. Use a synonym: To use a familiar synonym or a phrase to clarify an unfamiliar word. Example: Kelly is in love with Jeff, but she does not know how to let him know her affection toward him. 2. Give a formal definition: State what class the word belongs to and then show the features that differentiate it from other words in its class.
Example: 1. Love is a feeling of intense desire and word class feature affection toward a person. 2. For the French, friendship is a one-to- word class one relationship [that demands feature awareness of the other person’s intellect, temperament...].
3. Give the origin of the word: Tell what the word originally meant. Example: The verb “love” comes from the Latin word “lubEre,” meaning “to please.”
Exercise A: Read the following sentences. Indicate the strategies of definition used in them by putting S (Use a synonym or a clarifying phrase), F (Give a formal definition), or O (Give the origin of the word) in the blanks. ______ 1. Art is a creation that lifts the human spirit. ______ 2. A silly man is a person who has or shows a lack of good sense and judgment. F F
______ 3. Something that is confidential is meant to be kept secret or private and should not be discussed with other people. ______ 4. Enthusiasm comes from the Greek word meaning “God within.” And what is “God within” is but a sense of love—proper love of self and, from that, love of others. ______ 5. Measles is a disease characterized by red spots on the skin. O F S
Exercise B: Define the following terms with the given words. Use one of the strategies mentioned above. 1. Chicago (city/Illinois) _______________________________________ 2. anxiety (feeling/nervousness/worry/something/somebody)_______________________________________ Chicago is a city in Illinois. Anxiety is a feeling of nervousness or worry about something or somebody.
3. preparation (mean/more or less the same as/arrangement) ______________________________________ 4. acquaintance (person/you/know/through/work /but/may not /friend /yours) _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ Preparation means more or less the same as arrangement. An acquaintance is a person whom you know through work, but who may not be a friend of yours.
5. friendship (personal relationship/between/two /be based on/fondness/trust) ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ Friendship means/is a personal relationship between two people which is based on fondness and trust.