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Title: Lost City: The Discovery of Machu PicchuAuthor: Ted LewinGenre: Narrative Nonfiction.

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Presentation on theme: "Title: Lost City: The Discovery of Machu PicchuAuthor: Ted LewinGenre: Narrative Nonfiction."— Presentation transcript:

1 Title: Lost City: The Discovery of Machu PicchuAuthor: Ted LewinGenre: Narrative Nonfiction

2 Story Sort Vocabulary Words:  Arcade Games Arcade Games  Study Stack Study Stack  Spelling City: Spelling Words Spelling City: Spelling Words  Spelling City: Vocabulary Spelling City: Vocabulary

3 Small Group Timer

4 Spelling Words Syllable Patterns V/CV and VC/V

5  basic  vacant  secret  honor  local  novel  olive  tiger  spinach  second  donate  locust  beware  emotion  cabin  tripod  dragon  habit  tribute  lizard  icicles  lemonade  momentum  economy  isosceles

6 Vocabulary WordsMore Words to Know  curiosity  glorious  granite  ruins  terraced  thickets  torrent  remote  rugged  ventured  adobe  highland  terraces

7  Monday Monday  Tuesday Tuesday  Wednesday Wednesday  Thursday Thursday  Friday Friday

8 Question of the Day What surprises can happen on an expedition?

9  Build Concepts  Compare and Contrast  Visualize  Build Background  Vocabulary  Fluency: Model Phrasing  Grammar: Comparative and Superlative Adjectives  Spelling: Syllable Patterns V/CV and VC/V  Ancient Civilizations

10 Fluency: Model Phrasing

11  Listen as I read “The Incas.”  As I read, notice how I chunk related words, such as those in prepositional phrases and clauses.  Phrasing helps to reinforce meaning, and makes reading sound like talking.  Be ready to answer questions after I finish.

12  In what ways was farming more difficult for the Incas than for many farmers in other places and other times?  How does the Inca farmers’ diet compare with how people in the United States eat today?

13  adobe – built with bricks made from clay baked in the sun adobe  highland – related to a region that is higher and hillier than the neighboring countrysidehighland  terraces – flat, raised levels of land with straight or sloping sidesterraces  Next Slide Next Slide

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17 (To add information to the graphic organizer, click on end show, type in your new information, and save your changes.)

18 FarmingHomes Ancient Civilizations

19 Turn to pages

20 Archaeologists TasksEquipmentTraits

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22  curiosity – an eager desire to know or learn  glorious – magnificent; splendid  granite – a very hard gray or pink rock that is formed when lava cools slowly undergroundgranite  ruins – what is left after a building, wall, etc., has fallen to piecesruins

23  terraced – formed into a flat, level land with steep sides; terraces are often made in hilly areas to create more space for farming terraced  thickets – bushes or small trees growing close togetherthickets  torrent – a violent, rushing stream of watertorrent

24  remote – out of the way; secluded remote  rugged – covered with rough edges; rough and unevenrugged  ventured – dared to come or go (to a new or unknown place)  Next slide Next slide

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32 Grammar: Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

33  a locul farm boy guided hiram bingham to machu picchu  A local farm boy guided Hiram Bingham to Machu Picchu.  the cityies location had been a secrit to most people until then  The city’s location had been a secret to most people until then.

34  The sun temple in Machu Picchu was grander than the one in Cusco. It was the grandest ruin he had ever seen.  Grander is a comparative adjective. It is used to compare two things.  Grandest is a superlative adjective. It is used to compare three or more things.

35  A comparative adjective compares two people, places, things, or groups. Add –er to most short adjectives to make their comparative forms. Use more with longer adjectives.  This mountain is taller and more beautiful than that one.

36  A superlative adjective compares three or more people, places, things, or groups. Add –est to most short adjectives to make their superlative forms. Use most with longer adjectives.  It was the highest and most amazing city he had ever seen.

37  An adjective may change its spelling in its comparative and superlative forms.  For adjectives that end with a consonant and y, change the y to i before adding –er or –est: happy, happier, happiest.

38  For adjectives that end in a single consonant after a single vowel, double the final consonant before adding –er or –est: big, bigger, biggest.  For adjectives that end in e, drop the e before adding –er or –est: tame, tamer, tamest.

39  Some adjectives, such as good and bad, have irregular comparative and superlative forms: good, better best; bad, worse, worst

40  This hike is (hard) than the one we took yesterday.  harder  The sun is (hot) than it was yesterday too.  hotter

41  I’m feeling (bad) than I did this morning.  worse  This is the (tough) climb we’ve ever done.  toughest

42  It’s (sunny) up here than it was in the forest.  sunnier  You get the (good) view of all from this cliff.  best

43  That is the (remarkable) ruin I have ever seen.  most remarkable  These carvings are (amazing) than those.  more amazing

44 Spelling Words Syllable Patterns V/CV and VC/V

45  basic  vacant  secret  honor  local  novel  olive  tiger  spinach  second  donate  locust  beware  emotion  cabin  tripod  dragon  habit  tribute  lizard  icicles  lemonade  momentum  economy  isosceles

46 Question of the Day Why do you think Hiram Bingham is willing to go on such a difficult expedition?

47  Word Structure: Greek and Latin Roots  Compare and Contrast  Visualize  Develop Vocabulary  Fluency: Echo Reading  Grammar: Comparative and Superlative Adjectives  Spelling: Syllable Patterns V/CV and VC/V  Time for Social Studies: The Inca Empire, Inca History and Legend  Ancient Civilizations

48 Turn to pages

49 Turn to pages

50 Fluency: Echo Reading

51  Turn to page 544, last paragraph.  As I read, notice I use phrasing to help convey meaning.  Now we will practice together as a class by doing three echo reading of the paragraph.

52 Grammar: Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

53  after an long climb bingham came across the city  After a long climb, Bingham came across the city.  the ruins was the better he had ever seed  The ruins were the best he had ever seen.

54  A comparative adjective compares two people, places, things, or groups.  A superlative adjective compares three or more people, places, things or groups.  Add –er or use more to form comparative adjectives.  Add –est or use most to form superlative adjectives.

55 Spelling Words Syllable Patterns V/CV and VC/V

56  basic  vacant  secret  honor  local  novel  olive  tiger  spinach  second  donate  locust  beware  emotion  cabin  tripod  dragon  habit  tribute  lizard  icicles  lemonade  momentum  economy  isosceles

57 Question of the Day What are some of the difficulties and satisfactions in the life of an archeologist?

58  Visualize  Sequence  Develop Vocabulary  Fluency: Model Phrasing  Grammar: Comparative and Superlative Adjectives  Spelling: Syllable Patterns V/CV and VC/V  Time for Social Studies: Legendary Vilcapampa  Ancient Civilizations

59 Turn to pages

60 Fluency: Model Phrasing

61  Turn to page 546, paragraphs 1-3.  As I read, notice how I break up long sentences by grouping related words into meaningful phrases.  Now we will practice together as a class by doing three echo reading of these paragraphs.

62 Grammar: Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

63  what an amazing place this were for a city  What an amazing place this was for a city!  how do people centuries ago build anything so high in the mountains  How did people centuries ago build anything so high in the mountains?

64  A comparative adjective compares two people, places, things, or groups.  A superlative adjective compares three or more people, places, things or groups.  Add –er or use more to form comparative adjectives.  Add –est or use most to form superlative adjectives.

65  Writers use different forms of adjectives to help readers understand what they are describing or explaining.  Not Precise: That mountain is tall.  More Precise: That is the tallest mountain in Peru.

66 Spelling Words Syllable Patterns V/CV and VC/V

67  basic  vacant  secret  honor  local  novel  olive  tiger  spinach  second  donate  locust  beware  emotion  cabin  tripod  dragon  habit  tribute  lizard  icicles  lemonade  momentum  economy  isosceles

68 Question of the Day Have you ever taken a scenic journey by train? How was it different than traveling by automobile?

69  Personal Essay/Text Features  Reading Across Texts  Content-Area Vocabulary  Fluency: Partner Reading  Grammar: Comparative and Superlative Adjectives  Spelling: Syllable Patterns V/CV and VC/V

70 Turn to pages

71 Fluency: Partner Reading

72  Turn to page 546, paragraphs 1-3.  You will practice reading aloud these paragraphs three times with a partner.  Be sure you group words into meaningful phrases and offer each other feedback.

73 Grammar: Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

74  machu picchu is famouser than this inca city  Machu Picchu is more famous than this Inca city.  thousands of tourists visits every year,they bring money to the local economy  Thousands of tourists visit every year. They bring money to the local economy.

75  A comparative adjective compares two people, places, things, or groups.  A superlative adjective compares three or more people, places, things or groups.  Add –er or use more to form comparative adjectives.  Add –est or use most to form superlative adjectives.

76 Test Tip:  Remember that the word good is one exception to the rules for forming comparative and superlative adjectives.  The comparative form is better, the superlative form is best.

77  Example: This is a good story.  It is better than the last one we read.  I think it is the best one we have read all year.

78 Spelling Words Syllable Patterns V/CV and VC/V

79  basic  vacant  secret  honor  local  novel  olive  tiger  spinach  second  donate  locust  beware  emotion  cabin  tripod  dragon  habit  tribute  lizard  icicles  lemonade  momentum  economy  isosceles

80 Question of the Day What surprises can happen on an expedition?

81  Concept Vocabulary  Compare and Contrast  Word Structure: Greek and Latin Roots  Grammar: Comparative and Superlative Adjectives  Spelling: Syllable Patterns V/CV and VC/V  Research/Study Skills: Teach Outline  Ancient Civilizations

82  To compare and contrast means to tell how two or more things are alike and different.  Authors may use clue words such as like, as, and same to show similarities. They may use clue words such as but, unlike, and different to show differences.

83  To paraphrase something is to put it in your own words. A paraphrase should keep the same main ideas as the original, but it should be simpler to read.

84  Paraphrase to check your understanding of a piece of writing.  Paraphrase when taking notes from reference sources to be sure you don’t copy the words exactly.

85  You can use Greek and Latin roots to figure out meanings of unfamiliar words.  Look at the meaning of the word ventured.  The Latin roots ven and vent mean “to come.”

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87  The lesson vocabulary words thickets, terraced, and granite all tell about landforms.  With a partner, review “Lost City” to find other earth science words related to the shape and structure of land.

88  bamboo thickets  terraced fields  granite cliffs  snowcapped peaks  mountains  valley  canyon  sandy beaches  undergrowth  jungle  tangled vines  countryside  cloud forest  high pastures

89 Grammar: Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

90  i think your most interested in machu picchu than in stonehenge  I think you’re more interested in Machu Picchu than in Stonehenge.  maria and him would like to go to peru with you and i  Maria and he would like to go to Peru with you and me.

91  A comparative adjective compares two people, places, things, or groups.  A superlative adjective compares three or more people, places, things or groups.  Add –er or use more to form comparative adjectives.  Add –est or use most to form superlative adjectives.

92 Spelling Words Syllable Patterns V/CV and VC/V

93  basic  vacant  secret  honor  local  novel  olive  tiger  spinach  second  donate  locust  beware  emotion  cabin  tripod  dragon  habit  tribute  lizard  icicles  lemonade  momentum  economy  isosceles

94 Outline

95  An outline shows how a text is organized. When is it helpful to make an outline?  Outlining helps readers understand text structure and remember information.  Outlines can also be used to synthesize information for a report or an essay.

96  The title is listed at the top of the outline.  Topics are the most important ideas. They are identified with Roman numerals.  Subtopics are listed under a topic and tell more about it. They are identified with capital letters.  Details are listed under a subtopic and tell more about it. They are identified by numbers.

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98  Story test ◦ Classroom webpage, ◦ Reading Test  AR ◦ Other Reading Quizzes ◦ Quiz #


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