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JaKoTa Triangle and more Questions? Willow Creek is a trib of Oldman! GetFast question JaKoTa Triangle  Japan  Korean Peninsula  Taiwan.

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Presentation on theme: "JaKoTa Triangle and more Questions? Willow Creek is a trib of Oldman! GetFast question JaKoTa Triangle  Japan  Korean Peninsula  Taiwan."— Presentation transcript:

1 JaKoTa Triangle and more Questions? Willow Creek is a trib of Oldman! GetFast question JaKoTa Triangle  Japan  Korean Peninsula  Taiwan

2 End of Course Plans TuesdayThursday Mar 22-24China Mar 29-31JaKoTaMap test S-E Asia1 April 5-7S-E Asia2New Zealand Dr. Tom Johnston April 12-14AustraliaPacific

3 Map Test Sub-Saharan Africa North Africa & South-west Asia South Asia East Asia  But not JaKoTa

4 GetFast Question: Why is it that the poorest developed countries are the ones whose population increases are the highest? Wouldn't it make more sense for them to stop reproducing due to the already limited amount of resources? Does it have to do with urbanization versus rural life?

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6 Hong Kong Ceded to Britain in 3 parts: Hong Kong Island, 1841 Kowloon, 1861 New Territories, 1898 (99 year lease)

7 Hong Kong Excellent deep water port, terrible airport Occupation in 1941, Defence of Hong Kong  2,000 Canadians arrive 16 Nov, surrender 25 Dec Korean War: embargo & manufacturing growth  Clothing, textiles, electronics  One of the four little Asian tigers  Banking and back door to China

8 Hong Kong 6 million people in 400 sq miles 1 July British transferred control to China Hong Kong renamed Xianggang New status as China’s first SAR (special administrative region) CEPA: Closer Economic Partnership Agreement with China. Autonomy vis-à-vis China remains unclear

9 Chek Lap Kok, completed 1998, Kai Tak now closed

10 Macau Portuguese colony and port Famous for gambling, some textiles Accessible ferry from Hong Kong Control transferred to China in 1999 New status as SAR

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12 Showa shinzen, 1991, 1,335 feet (407m) AMSL First appeared in 1944

13 Mount Fuji, stratovolcano,12, 388 feet (3,776 meters)

14 Taebaek Mountains (Taebaek Sanmaek), Eastern side of Korean peninsula

15 Chungyang Mountains rise to 13,114 feet (3,997 meters) at Yu Shan, eastern Taiwan

16 Jakota Triangle Tokyo, Seoul and Taipei form a triangle Characteristics  Large cities, high level of urbanization  High population density, uneven population distribution  Rapid manufacturing growth, high technology  Raw material dependency Challenges  Social problems  Political uncertainties  Threats to sovereignty Shinto Shrine, Kyoto

17 Hokkaido Ishikari Plain Seikan Tunnel Honshu Kanto Plain Nobi Plain Shikoku Kyushu Japan

18 JAPAN’S CORE AREA Tokaido Tokyo- Yokohama (Kanto Plain) Kansai Osaka Kyoto Kobe Kitakyushu

19 Outline Of Japanese Development Ainu Chinese cultural influence Kublai Khan (Mongol Dynasty) abortive invasion in 1281 Japanese feudalism  Emperor  Shogun, daimyō and samurai Tokugawa Shogunate, isolationism  Foreigners and Christianity expelled  Shintoism: nationalistic belief system Meiji Restoration, 1868: Emperor returns to central power

20 Meiji Restoration Reinstated the emperor Industrial transformation Adopted aspects of the British, American, German cultures/technologies Systematic study of the industrialized world oyatoi gaikokujin  (honourable hired foreigners) scientists, engineers, and agronomists

21 Expansionist Japan Hokkaido1869 Ryuku/Kuerile Islands1874/5 Formosa (Taiwan)1895 S. Sakhalin1905 Korea1910 Manchuria1931 North/coastal China1937 Hong Kong1941 S-E Asia1941

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23 Japan’s Post-war Transformation 1945 –1952: Allied Occupation  Fire-bombing effects Kyōto was spared  Emperor renounced divinity 1946  Shinto loses status as state religion  U.S. imposed Constitution  Economic restructuring  Break-up of Zaibatsu  Land reform ends feudal rights  Korean War spurs economic growth  San Francisco Treaty 1952 Self-Defense Force Nagoya castle, 1600, 1959

24 Tokyo-Yokahama 26.7 million (#2) Centrality Global financial capital Harbour and port Two airports Kanto Plain (1/3 of Σ) Tsukuba

25 IndiaJapan AGE MaleFemaleMaleFemale Percent of Population Population Profiles

26 Greying of Japan & Population Decline Population:127.4 million (2000) Birth rate: 8 births/1,000 Death rate:8 deaths/1,000 Growth rate:0.16% Life expectancy: 78 (M) 85 (F)

27 Korean Peninsula Demilitarized Zone DMZ: 151 miles, 2.5 miles wide Military Demarcation Line (MDL), six-foot wide barbed wire corridor

28 Korea 73 million in two states Turbulent political history:  Dependency of China  Colony of Japan  Divided along the 38 th parallel by Allied Powers after 1945  Cease-fire line established in1953

29 The Two Koreas Official NameThe Democratic People's The DemocraticRepublic of Korea Unofficial nameNorth KoreaSouth Korea Population 23,600,00049,200,000 GNP (billions)$ 21.3$ GNP/capita $ 920$ 17,300 Agriculture  (% of GNP) 25 % 8 %  (% work force)36 % 21 %

30 North-south Contrasts North Korea  Rural and agricultural  Antiquated state enterprise  Inefficient, unproductive agriculture  Limited trade – Russia and China South Korea  Highly urbanized and industrial Shipbuilding, automotive industry  Intensive, mechanized agriculture  Manufacturing power house  Extensive trade – US, Japan, and Western Europe

31 SEOUL 9.9 million - just south of the DMZ Urban-industrial center! Textiles, clothing, footwear, electronic goods Vulnerability ?

32 Taiwan

33 Population – 22.7 million 77% urbanized Historical background :  Chinese province for centuries  Colonized by Japan in 1895  Returned to China 1945  1949 – Chinese Nationalists (supported by the US) fled from the mainland and established the Republic of China (ROC)  1971 – Expelled from UN "the sky is not big enough for two suns"  Chiang Kai-Shek

34 FOUR ECONOMIC TIGERS “Tiger” Former State Date of Split SINGAPORE MALAYSIA 1965 HONG KONG CHINA1841 TAIWAN CHINA 1949 SOUTH KOREA KOREA1952

35 4 Tigers

36 The Four Tigers Four tigers AKA four little dragons:  The Four Little Dragons: The Spread of Industrialization in East Asia by EZRA F. VOGEL (Harvard UP 1993) In sum: 10.4% of world’s mfg. exports Vulnerability to global market fluctuations  Yes, but…we should be so lucky! Land use competition Urban problems Environmental degradation Political questions Post industrial economy


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