2HaikuA haiku is a three-line Japanese verse form. The first and third lines each have five syllables. The second line has seven syllables. A writer of haiku uses images to create a single, vivid picture, generally of a scene from nature.Sun low in the west . . .Moon floating up in the eastFlowers in shadows--Buson
3Above the meadowA skylark, singing, flies highHigh into silence.--author unknownRain went sweeping onin the twilight, spilling moonson every blade of grass.--Sho-uThe sea in springtime—All the warm day is breathingSwells in breathing swells--Buson
4LimericksA limerick is a five-line poem. The first, second, and fifth lines rhyme and have three beats to the rhythm. The third and fourth lines rhyme and have two beats to the rhythm. Limericks are often silly and humorous.There was an Old Man with a beardWho said, “It is just as I feared!Two Owls and a HenFour Larks and a Wren,Have all built their nests in my beard!”
5Limericks The bottled perfume Willie sent Smelled displeasingly to Millicent;Her thanks were so coldThey quarreled, I’m told,Through that silly scent Willie sent Millicent.There was a Young Lady of NigerWho smiled as she rode on a tiger;They returned from the rideWith the lady inside,And the smile on the face of the tiger.I raised a great hullabalooWhen I found a large mouse in my stew,Said the waiter, “Don’t shoutAnd wave it about,Or the rest will be wanting one, too!
6CinquainsCinquains have five lines. In one popular form the number of syllables in successive lines are two, four, six, eight, and two.BaseballBat cracks againstThe pitch, sending it outOver the back fence, I did it!Homerun
7Cinquains Bubbles Shiny, short-lived Shimmering, bursting, floating by Cindy BardenShiny, short-livedShimmering, bursting, floatingIn the summer breezeFreedomNovember Nightby Adalaide CrapseyListen . . .With faint dry sound,Like steps of passing ghosts,The leaves, frost-crisp’d, break from the treesAnd fall.
8Cinquains Mirror Sleek silver glass Watching so silently. Are you my friend or enemy?Mimic.CobwebFragile structureDo spiders lurk in you?So beautiful, so dangerous . . .Ambush!
9Cinquains Here are other popular patterns for writing cinquains: Line 1: One word DinosaursLine 2: Two words Lived once,Line 3: Three words Long ago, butLine 4: Four words Only dust and dreamsLine 5: One word RemainLine 1: A noun SpaghettiLine 2: Two adjectives Messy, spicy,Line 3: Three verbs Slurping, sliding, fallingLine 4: Prep. Phrase Between my plate and mouthLine 5: One word for noun Delicious
10SeptonesA septone is a seven-line poem that uses telephone numbers to determine the number of syllables in each line.Late Autumn—Linda Hoffman3 Abandoned5 Is the dead cornfield4 Harvest has passed2 One crow6 Burrows ‘midst the stalks for1 food.Leaves—Judith White3 Leaves flutter5 Something like feathers4 As they near earth;6 Dancing with the breezes6 They light upon the ground2 To make8 A golden carpet for my feet.
11AcrosticsAn acrostic poem uses a word or name to indicate the first letter of each line.R RobertO obviously isB beingE enormouslyR ridiculousT trying to do thisS sillyM mind-racking assignmentI it’s reallyT theH hardest assignment ever.M Marvelous, wonderful meA AlwaysI in a good moodD Don’t you see?O Or think so?
12ABC poemsAn ABC poem is like an acrostic poem but instead of using a word or name it uses the alphabet.Angry windsBending the treetopsClouds scudding across the skyDeepening darknessEerie howling windsFrom the mountain peaks.The storm will break tonight.Angry patriotsBrutal massacresCruel killingsDeadly ambushesEveryone runningFear rampagesThe revolution has begun.
13List PoetryA list poem is just that a list of things that have something in common.Swift things--Elizabeth CoatsworthSwift things are beautiful:Swallows and deerAnd lightning, that fallsBright veined and clear,Rivers and meteors,Wind in the wheat,The strong-withered horse,The runner’s sure feet.Slow things —Debbie TownsendSlow things:Turtles and snails.Ice when it is melting.Learning at first, when you’reNot really thinking.Waiting for vacations andBirthdays when you’re turning 14.These are the thingsThat are very slow to me.
14Color PoetryA color poem is a celebration of a color it usually employs figurative language.Red—Charles PerryRed is the color of Rit dyes.Red is the color of bloodshot eyes.Red is the color of autumn leaves.Red is the color of patented keys.Red is the color of a clown’s nose.Red is the color of frostbitten toes.Blue—Carissa BarlowBlue is a starlit paradiseBlue is the sound of a butterflyBlue is a rippled, spiraled kissBlue is what falls in the hourglassBlue is the touch of descending dewBlue is the instant of rendezvousBlue is the strum of a mountain strainBlue is peace unfettered—unfeigned.
15Five Sense PoetryA five sense poem employs images that appeal to each of the five senses.Fear is Black —Theresa DuboisFear is blackIt smells of sauerkrautAnd tastes like sardinesIt sounds like silenceAnd feels slimy like anchovies.Kindness is Golden —Carissa BarlowKindness is goldenIt looks like a smileAnd sounds like helloIt smells like fresh-baked breadAnd tastes like shared French friesIt warms, it brightens, it sustains,It heals.
16AssignmentWrite a free verse, formula, or a concrete poem using imagery (at least 5 examples). The poem can be about any subject but should conform to the structure for that type of poem.Free Verse: 12 lines or more, no end rhyme, use parallelismConcrete Poem: Can use text-play or shape, must show creativity in design and effort in execution
17AssignmentFormula Poem: Select one of the types listed below and follow guidelines. Models of each type are available below. You may not write a color poem; you wrote one last year.Limerick (5 lines, 3 beats in lines 1, 2, 5; 2 beats in lines 3, 4; Rhyme scheme: AABBA)Cinquain (5 lines, syllable pattern)Septone (10 lines, syllables match number in phone number, including area code)ABC (minimum 7 lines, at least 2 words per line, each line should begin with letter of alphabet in order except for the last line (A-B-C-D-E-F-last line or R-S-T-U-V-W-X-last line)List (minimum 7 lines, all images have something in common)Five Sense (minimum 7 lines, each line describes an emotion or idea in terms of the five senses)