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What Is Figurative Language? Figures of Speech Simile Metaphor Personification Review Practice Figurative Language Feature Menu.

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Presentation on theme: "What Is Figurative Language? Figures of Speech Simile Metaphor Personification Review Practice Figurative Language Feature Menu."— Presentation transcript:

1 What Is Figurative Language? Figures of Speech Simile Metaphor Personification Review Practice Figurative Language Feature Menu

2 Figurative language is language based on some sort of comparison that is not literally true. = Suzie’s endless gossiping droned in our ears like the buzzing of a bee. What Is Figurative Language?

3 Figurative language is a natural part of everyday speech is the most important means of imaginative expression in poetry makes us see ordinary objects in a new way Snowed in for three days, the children were restless animals pacing the cage of our house. What Is Figurative Language? [End of Section]

4 metaphor A figure of speech compares one thing to another, seemingly unlike thing. Three common figures of speech are simile personification Figures of Speech leaves twirled like dancers on the water the leaves were dancers twirling down the stream leaves danced on the water [End of Section]

5 A wind comes from the north Blowing little flocks of birds Like spray across the town. from “Patience” by D. H. Lawrence Similes use the word like, as, than, or resembles to compare two seemingly unlike things. Simile [End of Section]

6 Metaphors compare two unlike things without using the connective like, as, than, or resembles. Metaphors allow us to speak and write in a kind of imaginative shorthand. Metaphor I am soft sift In an hourglass from “The Wreck of the Deutschland” by Gerard Manley Hopkins

7 Direct metaphors say that something is something else. Metaphor My soul is an enchanted boat from “Prometheus Unbound” by Percy Bysshe Shelley

8 Implied metaphors suggest a comparison between two things instead of stating it directly. He picked up the scent of food from the cafeteria. Stay out of his way. He’s on the prowl for a hot meal. Even single words can contain implied metaphors. Tiger, tiger, burning bright In the forests of the night from “The Tiger” by William Blake Metaphor

9 Extended metaphors are developed over several lines of a literary work. All the world's a stage, And all the men and women merely players. They have their exits and their entrances; And one man in his time plays many parts, His acts being seven ages. from As You Like It by William Shakespeare Metaphor [End of Section]

10 Personification is a figure of speech in which a nonhuman thing or abstract idea is talked about as if it were human. Personification in everyday speech Personification Somewhere the wind-flowers fling their heads back, Stirred by an impetuous wind. from “Study” by D. H. Lawrence [End of Section]

11 Identify each of the following as a simile, metaphor, or personification. Desolate winds that beat the doors of Heaven from “A Cradle Song” by W. B. Yeats And all hours long, the town Roars like a beast in a cave from “Apprehension” by D. H. Lawrence The field of cornflower yellow is a scarf at the neck of the copper sunburned woman from “Autumn Movement” by Carl Sandburg Review Quick Check [End of Section]

12 Identify each of the following as a simile, metaphor, or personification. Desolate winds that beat the doors of Heaven from “A Cradle Song” by W. B. Yeats And all hours long, the town Roars like a beast in a cave from “Apprehension” by D. H. Lawrence The field of cornflower yellow is a scarf at the neck of the copper sunburned woman from “Autumn Movement” by Carl Sandburg Review Quick Check Personification Simile Metaphor

13 Using each of the subjects below, write a figure of speech—a simile, a metaphor, or an instance of personification. Then, pick at least one subject of your own, and do the same. Subjects 1. backpack4. drummer 2. toaster5. schoolyard 3. quarterback6. beach His neglected to-do list glared up at him. Example Practice [End of Section]

14 The End

15 Personification in everyday speech Examples of personification are common in our everyday speech. misery loves company gentle windcruel fate Personification the future beckons malicious computer virus


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