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JAVA BASICS. Why Java for this Project? Its open source - FREE Java has tools that work well with rdf and xml –Jena, Jdom, Saxon Can be run on UNIX,Windows,LINUX,etc.

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Presentation on theme: "JAVA BASICS. Why Java for this Project? Its open source - FREE Java has tools that work well with rdf and xml –Jena, Jdom, Saxon Can be run on UNIX,Windows,LINUX,etc."— Presentation transcript:

1 JAVA BASICS

2 Why Java for this Project? Its open source - FREE Java has tools that work well with rdf and xml –Jena, Jdom, Saxon Can be run on UNIX,Windows,LINUX,etc GUI/Applet capabilities Igor’s application WE NEED TO LEARN IT ANYWAY! WE NEED TO LEARN IT ANYWAY!

3 How to run JDK – Java Development Kit –Basic compiler, linker, and libraries IDE – Integrated Development Environment –NetBeans – netbeans.org

4 How to run Types of files –.java – source code –.class – executable code –.jar (java archive) - bundle of multiple files Tutorial - ics/index.html ics/index.html ics/index.html –Packages – groups of related classes in a directory

5 How to run Applications –javac – java compiler Commandline - javac classname.java –java – executes application Commandline - java classname –Jikes – faster version of java command Commandline – jikes classname

6 How to run Environment Variables –Path – searches computer for executeable –Classpath – searches computer for classes that need to be used

7 How to run Applets – java applications that are embedded in html and run in a browser –Appletviewer – shows sample in browser Commandline – appletviewer appletpage.html

8 How to run Make – (if you are sick of javac and java) –Defines which components go together to make a program. –Defines how to "put the pieces together". –Keeps track of dependencies among components. –Helps avoid doing unnecessary work and forgetting to do necessary work

9 How to run Makefile – example default: javac Animal.java note: there is a tabspace in front of javac note: there is a tabspace in front of javac Commandline – make - This compiles the file called Animal.java

10 How to run Makefile – example Tiger.java: Tiger.java Animal.class javac Tiger.java Animal.class must exist for tiger.java to compile Animal.class must exist for tiger.java to compile Commandline – make tiger.java

11 How to run Makefile – example all: Tiger Animal Tiger: javac Tiger.java Animal: javac Animal.java Commandline – make all “all” triggers both Tiger and Animal to compile

12 How to run ANT –Similar to make in that it stores in a project –Apache application –See handout

13 Java Programming Import –“includes” a predefined java package that will be used in a program –Statements made outside of the code –Package must be contained in a directory given in the classpath –* denotes search entire directory –Example Import java.applet.Applet; Public class BinarySearch extends JApplet { …}

14 Java Programming Important predefined java classes –Java.io.* - i/o files and streams –Java.awt.*,java.swing.* - GUI tools –Java.util.* - data structures –Java.applet.Applet – applets –Java.servlet.* - used for scripts, tomcat and other interactive servers –Java.sql.* - used for sql handling –Java.net.* - network apps

15 Java Programming Package – used for user defined packages –Command used when wanting to include the class in a package –Used outside class declaration –Example package john.harney.example; Public class whatever {…} - Assuming the current directory is default, this statement will place the whatever.class in the default/john/harney/example directory - Commandline – javac –d. Whatever.java

16 Java Programming General Format /*import and package statements here*/ public/private/protected class classname{ … Member variables Constructors Methods (member functions) …} -File must be saved as “classname.java” -Main (like c++) is executeable for an application (public static void main(args)) -Class must be compiled in order to be used by another class

17 Java Programming Executable example (Welcome3.java) public class Welcome3 { // main method begins execution of Java application // main method begins execution of Java application public static void main( String args[] ) public static void main( String args[] ) { System.out.println( "Welcome\nto\nJava\nProgramming!" ); System.out.println( "Welcome\nto\nJava\nProgramming!" ); } // end method main } // end method main } // end class Welcome3

18 Circle.java example (Java vs C++) –Class Header Instead of: class Circle : public Point There is: public class Circle extends Point;

19 Java Programming Circle.java example (Java vs C++) –Member variables Instead of: private: double radius; There is: private double radius;

20 Java Programming Circle.java example (Java vs C++) –Constructors Instead of: Circle(int x,int y, double radiusValue); There is: public circle(int x,int y, double radiusValue); Note: “public” denotes that this may be constructed outside of the class declaration

21 Java Programming Circle.java example (Java vs C++) –Member functions (methods) Instead of: double getRadius() { return radius; } There is: public double getRadius() { return radius; } Note: “public” denotes that this may called outside of the class

22 Java Programming Circle.java example //assume the compiler can find circle.class Import javax.swing.JOptionPane; //allows GUI input public class CircleImplement { // main method begins execution of Java application // main method begins execution of Java application public static void main( String args[] ) public static void main( String args[] ) { Circle circ = new Circle(2,2,4.0); //constructor Circle circ = new Circle(2,2,4.0); //constructor double rad = circ.getRadius();//calls to method getRadius double rad = circ.getRadius();//calls to method getRadius JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null,rad); //prints radius JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null,rad); //prints radius } // end method main } // end method main } // end class Welcome3

23 Java Programming Other notable differences between Java and C++ –Strings are immutable –No global variables –Memory allocation is not needed (ie no pointers) –Garbage Collection –No operator overloading

24 Javadoc Javadoc – gives info about a source file –Commandline – javadoc class.java –Gives html documentation on the variables, methods, inheritence, other comments, etc. –Format – see handout

25 JDOM JDOM – java class that enables XML construction and parsing –Handout

26 Saxon Saxon - dex.html –Supports XSLT,XPath,XQuery –Can be used with JDOM –Commandline java classname sourcexml > destinationxml


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