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Save the Amur Tiger Project

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1 Save the Amur Tiger Project
Panthera tigris altaica- Wonder №1 Komsomolsk-na-Amure Sch.1 Form 8 Vasiliev Dmitry/ Lepeshkin Timophey The teacher - Nekrasova T.M.

2 To the 70-th anniversary of Khabarovsk Krai 7 Wonders 28/11/2008
The Amur tiger tops the list of contestants of the Seven Wonders of Khabarovsk territory contest. The Amur tiger became one of the seven wonders of Khabarovsk Territory 7 WONDERS (the results of voting) THE AMUR TIGER (3880 votes) DUSSE ALIN PLATO (1755 votes) SHANTAR ISLANDS (1630 votes) THE LAKE AMUT (1561 votes) THE BRIDGE OVER THE AMUR RIVER (1112 votes) LOTUS-THE FLOWER (1044 votes) PETROGLYPHS OF SICACHI ALIAN (962 votes)

3 If you want to know … What the tigers’ habitat is If it can swim If people can be friends with tigers What it looks like Which species do not exist…. If people can save the tigers and much more about tigers…….. Watch our Project!

4 To Live or not to Live? Living species Do not exist
Amur (Siberia, Ussury) Tiger Indian ( Bengaly) Tiger Indochina Tiger Southchina Tiger Sumatra Tiger Turan ( Kaspyisky)Tiger Yava Tiger Bali Tiger Among the 8 species only 5 are alive Bali Tiger, Yava Tiger and Turan do not exist any more There are only adult individuals and cubs inhabiting the Russian Far East / statistic data of 2003 NATURE WITHOUT BORDERS. Alexander Kulikov, Candidate of Biology. Magazine Far East. Issue 3. p.2-8/ Let’s think about it together…

5 Amur Tiger is The largest of the five tiger species left roaming the planet. It is a rare predator threatened with extinction. It is the biggest and one of the most furious cats. It’s an animal included into the Russian Federation Red Lists of Threatened Species. It is the most beautiful alive animal living in the taiga of the Russian Far East.

6 The area of sites of dwelling of tigers:
Males km / Females to km. Tigers are very conservative. They often use the same tracks.

7 Reproduction of the Amure Tiger
Females bring brooding not less often, than alternate years, starting to participate in reproduction from 2-4 years. Pregnancy lasts days, on the average 103 days. In a dung usually 1-4 baby-tigers more often 2-3are born. Kids are helpless. The kid’s weight is less than a kilo, but it grows quickly. It starts eating meat at two-months old, but the tigress gives it milk for about half a year. The tiger does not take any participation in education of children.

8 Do white tigers live in the Far East?
White tigers live in the Far East as well as in India and China. It’s a rare specie – a real wonder of nature. White tigers have brown stripes and crystal blue eyes, and some specimens in captivity have no stripes at all.

9 What does it look like? The largest of all the living cats, the tiger has got a unique reddish - orange coat with black stripes. Stripe patterns differ among individuals. The dark lines are symmetrical, but the marks on the sides of the face and body can be different. In summer the coloring is brighter, and in winter the fur becomes long and shaggy The tiger’s body is lengthened, the head is round, the legs are not long and the tail is contrary long

10 Body length with head and with tail- 3 meters (9.8 feet).
Size and Weight Body length with head and with tail- 3 meters (9.8 feet). Adult female weights kg (290 pounds) Adult male kg -300 ( pounds). A newborn cub’s weight - 1kg (2 pounds) 3 months cub - 10 kg (22 pounds). 3 years–old cub’s weight -over 100 kg (220 pounds).

11 Do you know that… the size of a tiger is judged by its step /70-80 sm/

12 Pads and Claws Soft pads allow tigers to sneak silently upon its prey Long (up to 10 cm (4 inches)) sharp claws serve to capture the pray.

13 Where does it live? Once Amur tigers lived from Lake Baikal to northern China. Now, some animals live along the Amur River in the national parks of the Far East of Russia. The tiger inhabits the Sikhote-Alin mountain chain along the southwestern and northwestern borderlines with China. The Amur tiger habitat area makes up 123,000 km2. The typical for the Amur tiger habitat is a mixed cedar-broad-leaved forest, covering mountain slopes and hills.

14 Unlike domestic animals
Can the tiger swim? Unlike domestic animals tigers like to swim

15 What do they eat? The basic food is a wild boar and a roe deer or a spotted deer, siberian stag and even dogs. The tiger can cover km per day. It needs a big area to survive. The tiger insistently moves around the selected area making the tracking paths, hiding before jumping and attacking the victim. With its large, up to 7.5 cm - long (3 inches) the tiger snaps at its prey and kills it. Tigers, as well as other cats, do not chew the meat, but divide it into pieces with the help of molars and then swallow.

16 How long do tigers live…..
In sanctuaries tigers live more than 26 years, as compared to 15 in the wild. Tigers only live years in zoos. They will survive if they are not captured for their skin, bones, claws….

17 Tigers have always been popular in myths, although they paid а very high price for that. Tibetan Medicine used almost every part of their body - bones, teeth, lips, claws, mustaches ­to produce 'magical drugs'. For centuries tigers have been hunted and there are nо tigers left in China now.

18 Fighting for survival Poaching, human caused destruction of tiger habitat, a decline in the number of ungulates that are the predator's primary prey, these are the factors that today threaten the survival of the tiger in the wild.

19 We should know that…. In Russia's Red Book of Endangered Species, the Amur tiger is attributed to Category I as a rare, decreasing in numbers subspecies, which is placed under the threat of extinction. Hunting for tigers is prohibited since 1947.

20 Nowadays, lots of green organizations decided to cooperate
Nowadays, lots of green organizations decided to cooperate. They are raising money, fighting poaching, catching cubs for zoos and parks. The results are promising - many zoos around the world have beautiful Аmur Tigers descended from the little cubs caught in the Far East of Russia.

21 Local projects WWF's first project in the south of the Russian Far East was the Protection of the Amur Tiger and its Habitats. The project organized and supported anti-poaching activities. WWF supported field team called «Tiger» that was staffed by members of the Primorskii Krai Committee on Ecology. WWF also supported anti-poaching teams in the Lazo and Sikhote-Alin Zapovedniks, protected landscapes that are key to the tiger's survival. The program to protect this rare and endangered wild animal has been a WWF-Russia priority since 1994.

22 Resources: Fighting for Tigers Donate to Save The Tiger Fund EIA—Tigers Campaign: What Can I Do? Big Cat Rescue We hope that we contributed to your knowledge about tigers and your understanding of the problem Lepeshkin Timophey and Vasiliev Dmitrey under the guidness of Nekrasova Tatyana Mikhilovna school 1 Komsomolsk-na-Amure 2009

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