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Educational activities/young scientist promotion at the Scientific Foundation “Nansen Centre” Leonid P. Bobylev Director Dmitry V. Kovalevsky Research.

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Presentation on theme: "Educational activities/young scientist promotion at the Scientific Foundation “Nansen Centre” Leonid P. Bobylev Director Dmitry V. Kovalevsky Research."— Presentation transcript:

1 Educational activities/young scientist promotion at the Scientific Foundation “Nansen Centre” Leonid P. Bobylev Director Dmitry V. Kovalevsky Research Director Nansen International Environmental and Remote Sensing Centre St. Petersburg, Russia

2 18 September 2006, St. Petersburg Fridtjof NANSEN Nansen was an outstanding scientist. Thanks to his original studies and challenging expeditions our knowledge about Arctic has crutually increased. The results of his works laid the foundation for currently important research in the Arctic Ocean He was also a great humanist organizing repatriation for prisoners of war and refugees in Europe. He organized help for millions of Russians during the starvation after the revolution and war For his contribution to the peacemaking and humanistic deeds, in 1922 Fridtjof Nansen was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize For his personal benefaction and mobilization of the world community to mitigate the sufferings of the population of Russia in the early 20th century, Nansen is greatly respected and forever thankfully remembered in our country St. Petersburg29 April 2010

3 18 September 2006, St. Petersburg Nansen International Environmental and Remote Sensing Centre  Bergen University Research Foundation (UNIFOB), Norway  Max-Planck Society, Munich, Germany  Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center, Bergen, Norway  Northern Water Problems Institute, Russian Academy of Science, Petrozavodsk, Karelia, Russia  Scientific Research Center for Ecological Safety, Russian Academy of Science, Saint-Petersburg, Russia  St. Petersburg State University, Russia  Altarum, Ann Arbor, MI, USA (until 1 January 2005) Founders St. Petersburg29 April 2010

4 18 September 2006, St. Petersburg NIERSC Vision and Strategy Vision To understand, monitor and predict climate and environmental changes in the high northern latitudes for serving the society Mission To develop Nansen International Centre to be a significant national and international contributor to the studying climate and environmental changes in the high northern latitudes NIERSC focuses on the five major related research areas: 1Climate Variability and Change in High Northern Latitudes 2Atmosphere-Ocean Interaction 3 Aquatic Ecosystems in Response to Global Change 4Socioeconomic Impact of Climate Change 5Applied Meteorological and Oceanographic Research for Industrial Activities St. Petersburg29 April 2010

5 18 September 2006, St. Petersburg Education and Training In 1994 NIERSC founders established Nansen Fellowship Program for Russian PhD-Students and young scientists Main goal: To provide conditions for Russian PhD-students and young scientists for successful development of their own research on the challenging topics in the area of environmental sciences, climate and remote sensing Implementation mechanisms: Providing PhD-students and young scientists with conditions at the Nansen Centre sufficient for successful work (working places, powerful computers, fast INTERNET connection etc) Providing PhD-students with additional stipend and supervision from NIERSC and its founders staff Promoting and organizing training and research visit programs at Western research institutions Involvement into international research projects Results: 20 successfully defended PhD dissertations 110 additional grants for St. Petersburg University PhD-students St. Petersburg29 April 2010

6 18 September 2006, St. Petersburg Nansen Fellowship Program Agreements RSHU SPbSU AARI Nansen Centre Supervisor Ph.D. Student Supervisor St. Petersburg29 April 2010

7 18 September 2006, St. Petersburg Personnel: 7 scientists, 1DrSc,6 PhDs 5 PhD-students Publications: 4 books 13 refereed papers Defended Thesis: Recent Ice Sheet Growth in the Interior of Greenland. Ola M. Johannessen, Kirill S. Khvorostovsky, Martin W. Miles, Leonid P. Bobylev. Science, Climate Variability and Change in High Northern Latitudes Research Leader: Dr. Leonid Bobylev Cm/year St. Petersburg29 April 2010

8 18 September 2006, St. Petersburg Monitoring Arctic sea ice using satellite passive microwaves 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 15% water land TOTAL ICE COVER = MULTI-YEAR ICE + FIRST-YEAR ICE Arctic climate change: observed and modeled temperature and sea-ice variability. O. M. Johannessen, L. Bengtsson, M. Miles, S. Kuzmina, V. Semenov, G. Alekseev, A. Nagurny, V. Zakharov, L. Bobylev, L. Pettersson, K. Hasselmann and H.Cattle. Tellus, 2004 St. Petersburg29 April 2010

9 18 September 2006, St. Petersburg NORSEX: Total sea ice area was decreasing by ± км 2 per year (up to October 2008) Total decrease over 30 years is about 14% Satellite derived Arctic sea ice transformation over : total ice sea ice area anomalies, total ice area trend = % per decade year ice area, millions of sq.kilometers 30-year records from SMMR and SSM/I St. Petersburg29 April 2010

10 18 September 2006, St. Petersburg Personnel: 3 3 scientists, 1 DrSc 2 PhD-students Publications: 16 refereed papers Defended theses: 3 2 Atmosphere-Ocean Interaction Research Leader: Prof. Vladimir Kudryavtsev Group goal is to improve our knowledge on: Physics of coupled turbulent atmosphere and ocean boundary layers Electromagnetic wave scattering form the sea surface focusing on advance methods of SAR monitoring of marine environment from space …… Atmospheric BL Marine BL Wind Waves Radar Scattering Wind Field and Fluxes Surface Waves, Break Waves Surface Currents Biogenic films Oil spills Parameterization Hurricane Evolution Storm Surge Weather Forecast Gas Transfer St. Petersburg29 April 2010

11 18 September 2006, St. Petersburg The model simulates SAR signatures of various ocean phenomena: surface currents, fronts, surface contaminations (oil spills), waves, wind field, etc Example of RIM simulation of SAR signatures of sea currents near the coast of France: a) Surface Current; b) Wind; c) and d) Surface roughness; e) Model SAR; f) Observation Oil spills: Observation and RIM simulation SAR Global observation of surface currents and RIM simulations Hurricane: SAR Observations and modelling Radar Imaging Model St. Petersburg29 April 2010

12 18 September 2006, St. Petersburg Personnel: 33 scientists, 1 DrSc, 1 PhD 2 PhD-students Publications: 3 books 9 refereed papers Defended theses: 6 3 Aquatic Ecosystems in Response to Global Change Research Leader: Prof. Dmitry Pozdnyakov St. Petersburg29 April 2010

13 18 September 2006, St. Petersburg Artificial Neural Networks + Multivariate optimization Phytoplankton pigments Suspended minerals Dissolved organics Advantages: Coastal and inland waters Geographic area unspecific Satellite sensor unspecific Fast and universal algorithm Operational Water Quality Retrieval Algorithm Ladoga Lake St. Petersburg29 April 2010

14 18 September 2006, St. Petersburg Identification and surveillance of harmful algal bloom dynamics Spatial distribution of E. huxleyi in the Bay of Biscay in May 2005 obtained from MERIS data St. Petersburg29 April 2010

15 18 September 2006, St. Petersburg Personnel: 1 scientist, PhD Group established on 18 November Socioeconomic Impact of Climate Change Research Leader: Dr. Dmitry Kovalevsky Multi-Actor Dynamic Integrated Assessment Model (MADIAM): flow chart and simulation results St. Petersburg29 April 2010

16 18 September 2006, St. Petersburg Personnel: 4 4 scientists, 1 DrSc, 2 PhDs 3 PhD-students Publications: 4 books 12 refereed papers Defended theses: 1 Applied Meteorological and Oceanographic Research for Industrial Activities 5 Applied Meteorological and Oceanographic Research for Industrial Activities Research Leader: Dr. Vladimir Volkov St. Petersburg29 April 2010

17 18 September 2006, St. Petersburg Sea ice monitoring along the Northern Sea Route using satellite SAR N/I Sovetsky Soyuz Field Campaignes L’’Astrolabe (1991) N/I “ Sovetsky Soyuz” (late 1993) N/I “Vaygach” (February-March 1994) N/I “Taymyr” (September-October 1994) C/S ” Kandalaksha” (August 1995) ICEWATCH Project (January-February 1996) Ice Routes Project (September 1997 and April 1998) ARCDEV Project (April 1998) ICEMON Project (June 2003) Radars/SAR ERS-1 and ERS-2 RADARSAT ENVISAT St. Petersburg29 April 2010

18 18 September 2006, St. Petersburg Supporting ice navigation Mosaic of ENVISAT ASAR images for February Planning fleet operations between the Barents Sea and Dikson Mosaic of RADARSAT ScanSAR images for April 1998 with overlaid route of I/B Sovetsky Soyuz © ESA © Canadian Space Agency St. Petersburg29 April 2010

19 18 September 2006, St. Petersburg The Lomonosov-Nansen Master Program in Climate Research Mikhail Lomonosov ( ) Fridtjof Nansen ( ) Participants: University of Bergen, NERSC, St. Petersburg University, NIERSC Objective: In conformity with the Bologna process to establish and formalize a joint high quality educational Master program in climate research St. Petersburg29 April 2010

20 18 September 2006, St. Petersburg Thank you for your attention! St. Petersburg29 April 2010


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