2How are Gifted Students Identified? 1. Teacher or parent requests screening.2. School Counselor administers screening instrument – KBIT-23. School Psychologist administers the Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales (RIAS)4. Student must earn a130 or above on the RIAS100 = average, or the mean115 = one standard deviation above the mean130 = two standard deviations above the meanA “snapshot” on a given day5. Students must exhibit a majority of characteristics on the SRC Gifted Characteristics Checklist completed by their classroom teacher, and must score at least 81 out of 160 possible points.6. The Educational Plan (EP) Committee must agree that the student needs a higher level differentiation of curriculum.7. EP is written, parents give consent for services, student begins gifted services.
3Gifted Education What it is: *Teacher as coach *Expresses creativity *Project-based learning*Research to determine both questions and answers surrounding an issue*Enrichment in core subjects – math, reading, science, social studiesWhat it is not:RepetitionWorking through curriculum faster with no differentiationUsing the gifted learner as a tutor for the other students
43 Types of Gifted People• Strivers= High testers and teacher pleasers. Like structure (I.Q ) These are our “talented” children who do not qualify for gifted services at the “snapshot” level of 130.• Superstars= Great at everything. Stereo-typical Gifted (I.Q. 130+)• Independent= Creative, “Intellectual”, onlyinterested in their own pursuits. Can becomeinventors, “serial employees” or dropouts. These children can be shining stars or become our “underachieving” gifted learners if they are bored or frustrated.
5Common Myths about Gifted Education Myth: Gifted students don’t need help; they’ll do fine on their ownTruth: Would you send a star athlete to train for the Olympics without a coach? Gifted students need guidance from well-trained teachers who challenge and support them in order to fully develop their abilities. Many gifted students may be so far ahead of their same- age peers that they know more than half of the grade-level curriculum before the school year begins. Their resulting boredom and frustration can lead to low achievement, despondency, or unhealthy work habits. The role of the teacher is crucial for spotting and nurturing talents in school.
6Common Myths about Gifted Education Teachers challenge all the students, so gifted kids will be fine in the regular classroomTruth:Although teachers try to challenge all students they are frequently unfamiliar with the needs of gifted children and do not know how to best serve them in the classroom. The National Research Center on Gifted and Talented (NRC/GT) found that 61% of classroom teachers had no training in teaching highly able students, limiting the challenging educational opportunities offered to advanced learners. A more recent national study conducted by the Fordham Institute found that 58% of teachers have received no professional development focused on teaching academically advanced students in the past few years
7Common Myths about Gifted Education That student can’t be gifted; he’s receiving poor gradesTruth:Underachievement describes a discrepancy between a student’s performance and his actual ability. The roots of this problem differ, based on each child’s experiences. Gifted students may become bored or frustrated in an unchallenging classroom situation causing them to lose interest, learn bad study habits, or distrust the school environment. Other students may mask their abilities to try to fit in socially with their same-age peers. No matter the cause, it is imperative that a caring and perceptive adult help gifted learners break the cycle of underachievement in order to achieve their full potential. See ERIC digests on underachievement in gifted boys; underachievement of minority students.
8Exceptional Student Education District-Wide Total number of students in a gifted program as of 2/10/2013 is 766.Total ESE students as of 11/15/2013 – is 3057 (tally does not include gifted).District tally Pivot table located on webpage states 667 gifted but 766 is correct number as district tally reports only ‘PRIMARY’ Gifted only students while 766 tally reports all students w/ ‘ANY’ gifted programs and may have another primary exceptionality.Statewide Gifted = 5.27% of the total student populationEscambia County Gifted = 2,253 or 5.45%*Okaloosa County Gifted = 1,158 or 3.84%**DOE numbers 10/2013
9Instructional Models for Gifted Education The Content Model – emphasizes the important of learning skills and concepts within a predetermined domain of inquiry. Content acceleration.The Process-Product Model – places emphasis on investigatory skills, both scientific and social, in order to develop high-quality products. Collaborative. Teacher-student as team. Consultation and independent work.The Epistemological Model – focuses on exposing students to key ideas, themes and principles within and across domains of knowledge. Teacher as questioner. Discussion. Debate. Reading-reflection-writing. The nature of knowledge, its extent and validity. (Brown-Barge Model)
10Types of Accommodations for Gifted Education Curriulum Compacting – 1) defines goals and outcomes of a unit of instruction, 2) determines and documents which students have mastered most or all of a set of outcomes, 3) provides replacement strategies for material already mastered.Class Acceleration – Accelerated placement options such as early entrance to Kindergarten, grade skipping or early exit should be considered for gifted students. (NAGC website)
11Types of Accommodations for Gifted Education (cont.) Subject Area Enrichment The broadening of the scope of the curriculum beyond what is typically covered and/or increasing the depth of study. Enrichment does result in greater gains in learning for gifted students compared to gifted students who do not receive enrichment. (HNMS, WBMS)Gifted Clustering – A group of 3 to 6 gifted students are clustered in a mixed-ability classroom. The teacher has had training in how to teach gifted students. Gifted clustering allows for a successful implementation of the PUSH-IN model for gifted education.
12Types of Accommodations for Gifted Education (cont.) Push-In – An inclusive model where gifted teachers support classroom teachers to differentiate classroom curriculum, increasing the rigor of learning for gifted students on a daily basis while providing opportunities for all students.Push-In (cont.) Collaborative work, support for differentiation, development of curriculum, professional development and problem solving opportunities are key elements of successful implementation of the “Push-In” model.
13Types of Accommodations for Gifted Education (cont.) Pull-Out – a program where gifted children are taken out of their regular classroom once per week and provided with enrichment activities and instruction. This is the model we are using in SRC elementary/primary/intermediate schools.
14What does a day in a gifted class look like? Math SuperstarsResearchProject-Based LearningSocratic Seminar – questioning, critical thinkingTeacher as academic coach in explorationCreativityDEARLearning Leadership where everyone is capable of leadingGroup research and productsThematic unit studies exploring depth of knowledge in all core areas
15Instructional Models Used in Santa Rosa County Middle School Services Subject area - CONTENT MODEL at WBMS and HNMS Elective - PROCESS-PRODUCT MODEL at GBMS No Gifted services/ Adv. Courses only at other SRC middle schools High School Services No gifted services AP/Honors CoursesElementary Services– PROCESS-PRODUCT MODEL *Pull-Out *Push-In *Gifted ClusteringVirtual School is available at all levels
16Delivery models being used in SRC ELEMENTARYPull out model: DPS, DIS, GBE, HNP, HNI, OBE, PRE, Rhodes, WNI, WNPPush in model: DISSatellite model: Rhodes (serves students from BREm Bagdad, EME, BHE, Chumuckla, and Rhodes)MIDDLESubject area pull out:HNMS – Gifted Science 6-8WBMS – Gifted Social Studies 6-8GBMS – Gifted Elective 6-8 (numbers go down each year as other electives become available for the students to take)
17Gifted Endorsed Teachers ALREADY teach Core Curriculum MethodologyCourses for endorsement include:*Nature and Needs of Gifted Children*Curriculum Development for Gifted Children*Guidance and Counseling of Gifted Children*Education of Special Populations*Theory and Development of Creativity
18SRC Gifted Endorsed Teachers SRC currently has 33 Gifted Endorsed TeachersThirteen schools currently offer gifted services. All services are delivered by Gifted Endorsed Teachers.
19Gifted Delivery Models in Escambia County Inclusion – General education classrooms where every student is identified as gifted.Pull-out – Gifted students travel to the PATS Center (Program for Academically Talented Students) one full day per week for their gifted services.Magnet School – Brown Barge Middle School for Gifted and Talented Learners. School Choice. Students who qualify and are selected in the lottery, travel from all over the county to BBMS.IB Program – Open to Escambia County high school students, as well as students from Santa Rosa County.
20Gifted Delivery Models in Okaloosa County Each elementary school designs its own Gifted Education Program to meet the needs of the students. Each middle and high school offers a variety of Gifted Education courses including Gifted Studies.In high school, Gifted Externships are another possibility for those in the program. Gifted Externships provide opportunities for field experience and research with a community professional which enhances personal growth and provides awareness of career options. In addition, an IB Program is located at Choctawhatchee HSEach school’s Gifted Education Program has been designed around the standards set forth by the National Association for Gifted Children (NAGC).
21Recommendations Short Term Long Term Trained Gifted Teachers General Ed Teachers trained to identify and differentiate for gifted learners (push-in?)Continue to offer stipendPlan B ExplorationIncrease funding for teachers to use for gifted differentiation and instructionSubject Area Gifted Studies in ALL Middle SchoolsRevisit Standard Error of Measurement (Sem) which is used in both Escambia and Okaloosa CountiesGroup screen all second graders for giftedness as a pilot inIn conjunction with DOE, look at VAM scores so gifted teachers do not feel penalized.Long TermGifted Certified Teachers for AP and Honors classes in our high schoolsTrain general education teachers in gifted/core curriculum methodology and pedagogyImplement a Plan B in SRCExpand second grade screening tests for giftedness to all schoolsDedication to expanding and aligning services for gifted and talented students in SRC