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Gail P. Taylor, Ph.D. Asst. PD, MBRS-RISE & MARC U*STAR Univ. Texas at San Antonio 02/18/2011.

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Presentation on theme: "Gail P. Taylor, Ph.D. Asst. PD, MBRS-RISE & MARC U*STAR Univ. Texas at San Antonio 02/18/2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 Gail P. Taylor, Ph.D. Asst. PD, MBRS-RISE & MARC U*STAR Univ. Texas at San Antonio 02/18/2011

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3  UTSA – M.S. Program  World  Academic programs after Bachelor’s work  Often default for Ph.D.  Today: Ph.D. Funding

4  Latin: Philosophiae Doctor  A doctorate or doctoral degree is  An academic degree of the highest level.  Recognition of the candidate as an equal by the university or Graduate School faculty under which he or she studied.  Usually research doctorates are awarded in recognition of academic research  Is of a publishable standard (even if not actually published)  Represents at least a modest contribution to human knowledge  Is usually assessed by submission and defense of a doctoral thesis or dissertation, though in some cases a coherent body of published literature can be accepted instead. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Graduate_school

5  All of the careers requiring a Doctorate come out of basic training in an academic institution  University  “Graduate Schools” at Medical, Dental, Vet Schools

6 Bachelor’s Degree. Grad. path Depends on Field M.S. Degree Post Bacc Research Doctoral Studies Academic Postdoc Industry Postdoc Government Postdoc Continue Education Academics Government Industry Other 1-2 Yrs Engineering /Humanities etc Work Yrs Yrs “Hard” Sciences

7 What does it Cost & Who is Going to Pay for it?

8  Generally Full Time Student  Usually no outside job  Sometimes Company will PAY for Ph.D.  Tuition/Fees  Living Expenses – Food, housing, etc.  Books, Thesis and Degree Costs, etc  Health Insurance  Travel to Conferences

9  Already have HUGE Undergraduate Loans  Medical/Professional School Costs High….  For Ph.D.?  Usually someone else pays or keeps you “employed”  Money comes from all over!

10  Cost of classes and university amenities  Someone always has to pay the tuition  Does not merely “disappear” if funded by Univ.  Usually Dept. will keep paying  Must consider tuition/fees, Health Ins, Travel if you obtain alternative funding

11  May learn technique elsewhere  Presenting at conferences very important to development  Submit abstracts (small publication)  Make Oral/Poster Presentations  Network with others in field  Find jobs

12  Amount you are given to live upon  20K – 30K level  Amount depends on…  School  Cost of Living/Location  Degree  Competitive recruitment  High Stipend may mean you pay Tuition….

13  Don’t believe that you will always be healthy…  HBC grad student  Cervical pre-cancerous lesions  Appendicitis

14  Grad students seldom are without funding if..  Are progressing (< 7th year)  Doing “solid” work  Have a good reputation  Generally, if you’re in and prior to your 7th year, you will be funded.

15  Accept position by “Financial Aid deadline”  University matches you with $$  Money available for URM/Disadvantaged students  Go about your business  (for as long as $$ is promised)  Then, get new source…  Some Fields/Univs…you seek $$

16 You University Stipend Scholarships Fellowships TAship Tuition/Fees/Health Ins. This will most likely be your graduate experience…

17  You?  Your Mentor (when mentors have grants…)  The Program?  The University?  The State?  The U.S. Government?  Private Organizations?  Outside Jobs?

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19  Stipend (usually for first few years)  Fellowships/Scholarships  Money awarded to student  Reward grades (entice top tier students)  Support someone with certain background  Usually no service reqd.  Research assistantships/associate-ships  Must perform research  Teaching assistantships  Must teach (~1 class/sem or yr)  Special programs/funds  MBRS-RISE or training grant  MCNAIR – Graduate Scholars

20  Fellowship may refer to:  A merit-based scholarship, or form of academic financial aidscholarship  An academic position: see fellowfellow  Fellowship (medicine), a period of medical training after a residency Fellowship (medicine)

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22 You University College/Grad School Department/ Program Alumni Investments Research Grants Students’ Tuition/Fees Philanthropy / Private Endowments/ Interest State Govt Programs Stipend Scholarships Fellowships TAship Tuition/Fees/Health Ins. Services

23  Fin_Inc_bySrce.pdf Fin_Inc_bySrce.pdf

24  Research Assistantships  Work on own research (Same as mentor’s)  Work on Mentor’s research (In addition to own)  May come from Grant  May come from Univ

25 You University Department/ Program Alumni Investments Research Grants Students’ Tuition/Fees Philanthropy /Private Endowments/ Interest State Govt Programs Mentor Research Grants Stipend Scholarships Fellowships TAship Tuition/Fees/Health Ins. Services College/Grad School

26  Private programs/funds  State  Federal  Jobs  Complementary to degree  Get Ph.D. WHILE on the job  Loans  Types of Funding  Pre-doctoral Fellowships, Scholarships  First 3-4 years  Dissertation Scholarships/fellowships  Last 1-2 years

27 You University Department/ Program Alumni Investments Research Grants Students’ Tuition/Fees Philanthropy /Private Endowments/ Interest State Govt Programs Mentor Research Grants Stipend Scholarships Fellowships TAship Tuition/Fees/Health Ins. Loans Jobs Grants/Fellowships Scholarships Services College/Grad School

28 1)State Fellowship through School – 15K 2)State Fellowship through School – 15K 3)State Fellowship through School – 15K 4)State Fellowship through School – 15K 5)Teaching Assistantship – 13.5K  Had to TA  Department Funded 6)Research Assistantship – 20K (1/2 year)  My Own Research  Department “deal” with Mentor The Whole Time the Department was paying $13,500 Tuition

29  Doctoral trainees produces original research  University gets $$ or reputation  Mentor may get publications  Trainees carry University’s reputation  PhDs produce for economy/education  Alumni donate to help future  Philanthropists donate for education  PhD income not traditionally high enough to recoup costs of education (particularly when you count in LOSS of income for 5 years..)

30  Sometimes HUGE stipend means you pay tuition  Not all programs include health insurance  If you change stipend sources, could influence tuition, travel, etc

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32  Commitment  Creativity  Thoroughness  Patience and emotional strength  Long Term Planning

33  “Guarantees” a funding source  Demonstrates initiative, discipline, and ambition  Demonstrates marketability of ideas  Experience integral to your professional career  Makes you more competitive in future  Success is self-perpetuating  Gets you thinking about statements, etc.

34  Before or During studies  Held to different criteria  NSF – can write your way into any grad school…

35  Develop correct credentials!  Identify Source  Get Organized/Follow Rules!  Solicit Recommenders  Idea  May be yours or mentors  Creating a Proposal  Following directions!!!  Submitting proposal  Receiving grant or feedback  Revising if necessary  Resubmission if necessary

36  Grades, courses taken, GPA  GPA improvement is considered  GRE Scores (study, retake if needed)  Networking/ Letters of recommendation  Participate in Co-ops/Programs/Internships  McNair, MARC U*STAR, MBRS-RISE  Attend Conferences  Get Publications  Thesis, scientific papers, abstracts  Have a copy of these – you will submit!  Personal/Volunteer experiences  Teaching/mentoring others  Health Related?  Leadership/Organizing

37  Private Funding (Paul and Daisy Soros, GEM, etc.)  Government Funding (NIH, NSF, US Homeland Security, etc.)  Various Scholarships (HACU, university-based, etc.)

38  Internet (Google, msn)  UTSA: scholarshipupdated.htmlhttp://www.utsa.edu/graduate/FutureStudentsAcademicPrograms/ scholarshipupdated.html  UNT:  Cornell:  UCLA:  University Libraries offer books on grants  University databases  Conferences  Mentors  Fellowship program officers  University Recruitment Programs

39  Rhodes Scholars   Marshall   Fulbright   James Madison   Harry S. Truman   Andrew W. Mellon   National Science Foundation   National Institutes of Health 

40  Pertinent Fields of study  Foundation’s purposes and activities  Eligibility requirements  Number and types of awards awarded per year  Rules (deadlines, summer work, etc.)  Contact info  TALK TO PROGRAM OFFICERS!

41  Know dates and deadlines  Application  Recommendations  Pre-Applications?  Know page limitations and rules  How long can it be?  Margins, font, font size  Know materials requested (i.e. transcripts, C.V., etc.) and date requested or submitted  How should it be submitted  Together with rec?  Mailed or Online?  What formats?  How many Copies?  A track of any brain storming, rough drafting, and completion of essays  Time, date, and content of any communication with program officers

42  Usually consist of Letter as well as ratings form  Choose people who have credentials  PH.D. better than Teaching Assistant  Program Directors (Long term relationship)  Choose people who know you!  Ask Early  Provide recommenders with a narrative of the fellowship, CV/Resume, personal statements  “Remind” recommenders when near dates  Thank your recommenders and any other staff (i.e. secretaries)

43  Abstract (summary of research)  Research Plan (remember page limits)  Specific Aims/Goals, Introduction/Significance/Background, Methods/Research Design, (Prelim data?), Research Plan, Timeline, Expected outcomes  Budget  Sometimes:  Cover page  Abstract for Laymen  Letters of Commitment  Biosketch of Proposed Mentor  Description of research environment

44  Your Own Ideas:  Research Experience  Record down Ideas that you have!  Coursework  Readings  Lectures/Seminars  Discussion Groups  Important national problems  Extension of Research Mentor’s work  If you know where you are going to go…

45  State a clear, focused, and attainable research question or hypothesis  Research question can be original, a reassessment of a prior study, or both  contain good ideas that embrace problems at the forefront of a field  be enthusiastic

46  Starts with literature supporting the Big Picture  Hones down to the rationale of your project  Study detailed reviews of scientific literature, books, etc).  Statements about the importance of the work proposed

47  Very important section of proposal (after the abstract)  Describe previous research that led to your proposal  Should demonstrate your ability to analyze and interpret data

48  Description of procedures and tests that will be used in the proposed work  Special handling procedures  Kinds of data expected  How the data will be analyzed

49  Write about what you hypothesize/expect to see  Write up what alternative results you might get  Write about what you’d do if you GOT alternative results

50  To use “active” voice instead of “passive”  Avoid jargon  Write in regard to appearance  Keep aware of the font  Seek constructive criticism  Read aloud to yourself  Proofread and edit

51  Reports  Publications  CV  Resumes  “Additional comments” sheet  Degree plan of study

52  thank your recommenders  thank their secretaries  be polite to project officers  give yourself credit!

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