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Social Protection in Bangladesh Presentationby Group#01 composed as follows- GPP01: Nazmul Islam Shamim GPP03:Md. Mizanur Rahman GPP04: Mainuduuin Ahmed.

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Presentation on theme: "Social Protection in Bangladesh Presentationby Group#01 composed as follows- GPP01: Nazmul Islam Shamim GPP03:Md. Mizanur Rahman GPP04: Mainuduuin Ahmed."— Presentation transcript:

1 Social Protection in Bangladesh Presentationby Group#01 composed as follows- GPP01: Nazmul Islam Shamim GPP03:Md. Mizanur Rahman GPP04: Mainuduuin Ahmed GPP05: Morsheda Begum GPP07: Rafiqul Islam

2 Social Protection: Definition ILO defines social protection broadly covering all safeguards and guarantees against loss of income due to illness, old age, unemployment, or other hardship (ILO Website). ILO defines social protection broadly covering all safeguards and guarantees against loss of income due to illness, old age, unemployment, or other hardship (ILO Website). World Bank defines social protection narrowly as public interventions oriented to human capital and social risk management to help individuals, households and communities better manage risk, and provide support to incapacitated poor (World Bank 1999, 2000). World Bank defines social protection narrowly as public interventions oriented to human capital and social risk management to help individuals, households and communities better manage risk, and provide support to incapacitated poor (World Bank 1999, 2000). Bangladesh Government social protection policy is close to World Bank definition of social protection. Bangladesh Government social protection policy is close to World Bank definition of social protection.

3 Social Protection: How does it come forward Social Protection: How does it come forward The idea evolves : 1. in the western rich countries- After the Great depression in 1930s and the Second World War. After the Great depression in 1930s and the Second World War. 2. In developing countries Social protection has been evolved as a tool of post-colonial policy measure. Social protection has been evolved as a tool of post-colonial policy measure.

4 Social Protection Policies and Strategies in Bangladesh poverty reduction policies, strategies and programs (NSAPR II, ) poverty reduction policies, strategies and programs (NSAPR II, ) Sixth Five Year Plan ( ). Sixth Five Year Plan ( ). implemented through ADPs implemented through ADPs 4

5 Social Protection Policies and Strategies in Bangladesh (contd.) Social Protection Focus Areas: Social Protection Focus Areas: –social safety net programmes; –food security; –disaster management; –micro-credit and –rural non-farm activities.

6 Social Safety Net Programs Social safety net is defined - all kinds of cash and kind transfers to the poor, - all welfare activities - unemployment benefits for retrenched workers - subsidized health care - shelters for the homeless - pension benefits, which prevent individuals from falling into poverty.

7 Food Security Food Security policies focus on: Food Security policies focus on: –ensure adequate and stable supply of safe and nutritious food; –enhance the purchasing power of the people for increased access to food; and –ensure adequate nutrition for all, especially women, children and persons with disabilities. Food Security programs include: Food Security programs include: FFW, OMS, VGD, VGF, TR, Food subsidy, Employment in char areas etc. FFW, OMS, VGD, VGF, TR, Food subsidy, Employment in char areas etc.

8 Disaster Management Strategies for Disaster Management will focus on: Strategies for Disaster Management will focus on: –collective action of public sector, NGOs and community organizations to reduce the risk of disasters in the country, –increase the mitigation capacity of the community and NGOs, –promoting optimum coordination and best utilization of resources along with ensuring community participation, and –undertaking measures for dealing with disasters such as Tsunami and earthquake.

9 Microcredit Challenges with regard to microcredit are: Challenges with regard to microcredit are: –prevalence of high interest rates, –vicious cycle of microcredit –microcredit programs have not been very successful in including the hardcore poor; –rate of graduation to above the poverty line among the microcredit borrowers is low

10 Rural Non-Farm Activities It focus on two broad areas: –improving the rural investment climate; and –supporting institutional framework.

11 Social Protection Programs/Projects Social Protection programs are being financed from both revenue and development budget (Annual Development Program). These social protection programs are grouped as: Social Protection programs are being financed from both revenue and development budget (Annual Development Program). These social protection programs are grouped as: –Cash transfer, –Food Assistance, and –Social Empowerment programmes.

12 Social Protection Programs/Projects 70 + programs / projects are being implemented by different ministries viz. –Ministry of Food and Disaster Management, –Ministry of Social Welfare, –Ministry of Women and Children Affairs, –Ministry of Agriculture, –Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, –Ministry of Finance, –Ministry of Rural Development and Cooperatives, –Ministry of Primary and Mass Education, –Ministry of Education, –Ministry of Health and Family Planning, –Ministry of Environment and Forest, –Ministry of Youth and Sports, –Liberation War Affairs Ministry, –Chittagong Hill Tracts Affairs Ministry, and –Ministry of Commerce.

13 Cash Transfer Programs, FY 2010 Sl. Programs Programs (Ministry) (Ministry)Coverage ml person/m Budget ml Taka ml Taka1 Old age allowance (MoSW) Allowance for widowed, deserted & destitute Women (MoWCA) Allowance for financially insolvent disabled (MoSW) Maternity allowance for poor lactating mothers (MoWCA) Honorarium for insolvent & injured freedom fighters (MoFWA) Grants for residents in Govt. orphanages & other institutions ( MoSW) Grants for students in non-govt. orphanages (MoSW) General Relief Activities (MoFDM) Block allocation for disaster management

14 Cash Transfer Programs, FY 2010 (contd.) Sl. Programs Programs (Ministry) (Ministry)Coverage ml person/m Budget ml Taka ml Taka10 Non-Bengali rehabilitation program (MoFDM) Allowance for distressed cultural personalities (MoCA) Allowance for CHT beneficiaries Pension for retired govt. employees Stipend for disabled students & Grants for school for disables (MoSW) Housing Support (MoFDM) Agricultural rehabilitation (MoA)

15 Food Assistance programs, FY 2010 Sl. Programs Programs (Ministry) (Ministry)Coverage ml person/m Budget ml Taka ml Taka17 Subsidy on OMS (MoFDM) VGD (Vulnerable Group Development) Test Relief Food (MoFDM) Gratuitous Relief –Food (MoFDM) Food Assistance for CHT Food for Work (FfW) VGF (Vulnerable Group Feeding)

16 Micro-Credit Programs Sl. Programs Programs (Ministry) (Ministry)Coverage ml person/m Budget ml Taka ml Taka24 Fund for FKSF Social Development Foundation NGO Foundation Self-employment credit for Freedom Fighters

17 Social Empowerment program through ADP, FY 2010 Sl. Programs Programs (Ministry) (Ministry)Coverage ml person/m Budget ml Taka ml Taka28 Stipend for primary students School feeding program Stipend for drop-out students Char livelihood Housing Stipend for secondary & higher secondary students Maternal health voucher scheme (MoHFW) National Nutrition Program

18 Social Empowerment program through ADP, FY 2010 (contd.) Sl. Programs Programs (Ministry) (Ministry)Coverage ml person/m Budget ml Taka ml Taka36 Protection of Children at risk Empowerment of the poor Basic education for urban working children Participatory Rural Development Rural employment for creating public assets Rehabilitation for climate refugees

19 Limitations of Social Protection Policies and Programs Low coverage: Only fractions (less then 10 percent of the poor) of those who need social protection are covered and reach less then 5 million people (WB 2006). Low coverage: Only fractions (less then 10 percent of the poor) of those who need social protection are covered and reach less then 5 million people (WB 2006). Inappropriate targeting: overlapping and inclusion of ineligible persons in Safety Net Program is common Inappropriate targeting: overlapping and inclusion of ineligible persons in Safety Net Program is common Leakage: leakage is more prevalent in in-kind programs than in cash programs Leakage: leakage is more prevalent in in-kind programs than in cash programs

20 Projection: Universal Social Protection in Bangladesh Adding more 1.5% of GDP to social protection program, Bangladesh could achieve universal social protection to its hard core poor. Adding more 1.5% of GDP to social protection program, Bangladesh could achieve universal social protection to its hard core poor. This additional spending can arrange by- This additional spending can arrange by- -reprioritizing existing public spending -reprioritizing existing public spending - fiscal effort to generate additional domestic resources - fiscal effort to generate additional domestic resources -some additional assistance from the development partners. -some additional assistance from the development partners.

21 Any Questions???

22 Thanks


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