Presentation on theme: "Lesson Seven Vocabulary Made by: Daniel Bitner and Rainee Swisher."— Presentation transcript:
Lesson Seven Vocabulary Made by: Daniel Bitner and Rainee Swisher
Austere Severe or stern in manner; without adornment or luxury, simple, plain; harsh or sour in flavor The austere expression on the man’s face led us to believe that the victim of the murder was his wife.
Austere sounds like “I’ll stare” (usually done with anger) and is similar in spelling to “severe”.
Beneficent Performing acts of kindness or charity; conferring benefits, doing good If one wishes to be held in higher respect of the community then he should consider spending time performing beneficent acts.
Beneficent…it’s beneficial to perform good acts of kindness.
Debase To lower in character, quality, or value; to degrade, adulterate; to cause to deteriorate The prosecution was able to debase the defendants reputation in case based on the fact that he had indeed been with the woman in question at that time.
Debase- de…grade is a synonym
Antonyms- to elevate, uplift, improve, enhance Synonyms- to cheapen, corrupt, demean, depreciate
Desecrate To commit sacrilege, treat irreverently; to contaminate, pollute The Indian burial site was desecrated due to the teenagers’ late night partying there.
Desecrate- crates are a symbol of pollution if they are pictured in environment
Antonyms- to revere, honor, venerate, consecrate Synonyms- contaminate, pollute
Desist To cease doing something, forbear She commanded me to desist after I had taken the argument past a point of reasonable discussion and had begun to take the debate personally.
Desist- similar to resist… except one step further from resisting is to stop it and desist
Antonyms- To continue, procede, prolong, resume Synonyms- To stop, discontinue, refrain, suspend
disconcert To confuse; to disturb the composure of The man seemed competent to disconcert any opponent confident enough to face him in debate.
Disconcert- rock concert would be a disconcerting for a fan of opera Vs
Antonyms- to relax, calm, put at ease Synonyms- to upset, rattle, ruffle, phase, perturb
grandiose Grand in an impressive or stately way; marked by pompous affection or grandeur, absurdly exaggerated The grandiose house was said to belong to a famous basketball player.
Mitigate To make milder or softer, to moderate enforce or intensity Although sometimes a hothead, the man’s wife was able to mitigate his advances in their argument quite effectively.
Mitigate- mittens are put on to soften the blow of outside cold
Antonyms- to aggravate, intensify, irritate, exacerbate Synonyms- to lessen, relieve, alleviate, diminish
Pillage To rob of goods by open force(as in war), plunder; the act of looting; booty After the civil war the southern general affectively disrupted the southern economy by pillaging all of the major confederate holding areas.
Pillage- rhymes with village and this would be ransacked if pillaged
Synonyms- to ravage, sack, loot, booty
Prate To talk a great deal in a foolish or aimless fashion The girls in his history class would sometimes prate for hours about things that he simply did not think were worthy of discussion.
Prate- Someone that prates often: Spencer Pratt
Antonyms- to come to the point, not waste words Synonyms- to chatter, prattle, blab, babble, palaver
Punctilious Very careful and exact, attentive to fine points of etiquette or propriety The punctilious Napoleon Bonaparte was almost always successful in battle due to his divinely- inspired tactics.
Punctilious- Making a puncture (similar), one needs to be very exact and careful
Redoubtable Inspiring fear or awe; illustrious, eminent He told us all that he was a competent leader because of his strong and redoubtable determination.
Redoubtable- A redoubtable person is never to be doubted because they are tremendously respected
Antonyms- laughable, risible, contemptible Synonyms- formidable, fearsome, awesome; august
Reprove To find fault with, scold, rebuke The kindergarten reproved her children for eating the cheerios that she had set out for an activity later that day.
Reprove- Instead of approving of something, one reproves someone’s faults or problems
Antonyms- to praise, commend, laugh, pat on the back Synonyms- to chide, chastise, upbraid, reproach
Restitution The act of restoring someone/something to the rightful owner or to a former state or position; making good for loss or damage He wondered if he would be granted restitution for the car accident the month before.
Restitution- Gaining restitution can only be achieved after rest.
Synonyms- repayment, recompense, compensation
Stalwart Strong and sturdy; brave; resolute; a brave, strong person; a strong supporter; one who takes an uncompromising position In the movie “Brave Heart,” Mel Gibson plays a stalwart bent on the freedom of his people.
Stalwart- Stalwart…strong, sturdy…… like a wall.
Stipend A fixed sum of money paid periodically for services or to defray expenses The young man received a yearly stipend to attend a college of his choice due to his fabulous essay in the competition.
Stipend-similar to spending which deals with money. Stipend is a more constant payment
Synonyms- salary, wage, allowance, emolument
Vulnerable Open to attack; capable of being wounded or damaged; unprotected The lonely base of Pearl Harbor sat perfectly and terribly vulnerable on that Sunday morning of December 7, 1941 when the world’s history changed forever.
Vulnerable- able to get attacked. Volunteer not important and would be let off if needed. Job is vulnerable.